Servicio de Información Comunitario sobre Investigación y Desarrollo - CORDIS


BISIGODOS Informe resumido

Project ID: 613680
Financiado con arreglo a: FP7-KBBE
País: Spain

Periodic Report Summary 2 - BISIGODOS (High value-added chemicals and BIoreSIns from alGae biorefineries produced from CO2 provided by industrial emissions)

Project Context and Objectives:
In the first 24 months of the project work has started in WP1 to WP6, WP8, WP9 and WP10. WP7 is going to start in month 30.
In general, the work carried out was related to the selection of the algae strains based on the requirements of the cases of study and optimal growth conditions (WP2). The three most promising strains have been selected.
In WP3 the mathematical model of the photobioreactors’ system has been developed and validated. The main objectives of WP4 are to extract the lipid fraction of the microalgae and the transesterification of fatty acids using heterogeneous catalyzers and the research of the production of diols and diisocianates.
In WP5 and WP6, defatted algae solid is to be hydro-thermally converted to obtain bio-crude, among which some of the compounds will be separated and processed further for conductive polymers, surfactants and ink production. The process to obtain aminoacids has been implemented.
In WP8 the data compilation for the regulatory, economic and environmental viability study of the each selected fine chemical substance and bio-resins will be carried out. Dissemination and exploitation activities will be achieved along the project development in WP9.
The objectives for the first 24 months period were mainly focused in starting the research in the following areas:
- Approach to the optimization of the bio-reactors design: validation of the dynamic photobioreactor model.
- Screening and selection of suitable algae strains based on the value chains and end users requirements
- Study of the purification, separation and recovery routes and process simulation:
-Cell disruption tests
-Transesterification of algae oil components
- Hydrothermal liquefaction
-Chemical routes optimization based on model compounds and algae derived molecules:
- PU synthesis from diols and diisocyanates
-Conductive polymers
-Waterbased inks
-Approach and development of techno-economical, environmental, regulatory analysis.

Project Results:
WP 2 Algae production optimization
The suitable algae strains to cover the value chains and end users requirements have been screened and selected: Nannochloropsis, Porphyridium and Dunaliella salina. The proposed 3 strains will also take into account the market, demand and legislation.

WP 3 Photo-bioreactors optimization
The successful validation of the dynamic photobioreactor model and the development of a very practical simulation tool implemented in Rhino/Grasshopper3D to predict the evolution of culture temperature and biomass productivity has been carried out.

WP 4 Bio-polyurethane adhesives development
-Results obtained using cell disruption techniques have shown how the rupture phenomena could be dependent of the kind of strain analysed. Ultrasounds technique has been evaluated at laboratory scale and an ultrasounds optimized method has been developed for Nannochloropsis lipid extraction. It is important to note that ultrasound technology is a scale dependent process, and, new studies should be developed different from laboratory scale.
-Phospholipids can be converted to FAME with various solid acid catalysts
• Triglycerides are slow to react with the initially tested solid acids.
• The extensive model compound study has showed that solid acids are able to catalyse the esterification and transesterification reactions of the different algae oil fatty acid derivatives.
-It has been concluded that the selected plant oils differ in the degree of unsaturation present and range alkene groups per molecule with main chain lengths.

WP 5 Separation technologies. Conductive polymers for anticorrosive paints and bio-based surfactants
-Regarding the optimization of variables, the pyrroles and furans formation with model compound experiments can be produced from aminoacids and sugars.
- The preliminary process simulation includes the whole process lipid separation, fuels and energy production. The process simulation will be updated after necessary data is achieved from laboratory and pilot scale studies. The updated process simulation will include the production of 5HMF for FDCA synthesis and alkylpyrrolidinones (Deliverable 5.1)
- Elemental analysis of the feed and product in the algae oil hydrotreatment experiment has been carried out
- CMC characterisation for Gemini surfactants was undertaken.
- Spectra confirming reaction of Furan 2,5 dicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester has been provided. Prototype candidates (anticorrosive coatings) were supplied for evaluation to compare performance using in house accelerated weather tests.

WP 6 Bio-based ink binders and amino acids
- The results to date indicate that co-polymers of vinylfuran / styrene and vinylfuran / methylmethacrylate can be successfully synthesised. The yield for the vinylfuran/styrene is quantitative whilst the vinylfuran/methylmethacrylate yield is quite low and requires optimisation. Reaction parameters such as catalyst / initiator will be explored to increase the yield.
-For the evaluation of ink applications, liquid samples are coated onto a substrate to evaluate gloss, strength and adhesion performance.However all the samples supplied were too viscous to achieve a coating
-The ensiling of microalgae biomass can be done successfully without addition of sugars or enzymes. The obtained results suggested that ensiling could be a very promising method to preserve microalgae biomass at normal conditions for further uses in microalgae-based industry.
- Some first results suggested that water extraction resulted in a high dilution grade of obtaining amino acid solution. A low concentration of amino acids in extracted solution will strongly affect the production in both technological and economical aspects.

WP 7 Scale-up and validation of industrial products
It will start in Month 30 (April 2016)

WP 8 Economic, logistic, environmental and health evaluation
-The preliminary data collection has been launched regarding LCA, value chains and economic evaluation.
-With the preliminary economic evaluation, some steps are possibly economically feasible, but some obviously not. For some processes, there are some technical difficulties needing to be overcome. The developing work in the individual partners must be detailed further and aligned with each other along the same process chain.
-The production cost of amino acids is in the expectation range of the industrial partners. However the economics depends strongly on the production scale.
-The data acquisition spreadsheet (DAS) for LCA has been shared with key partners to collect information of individual unit/process for environmental evaluation and process design. The DAS will be updated regularly as soon as new information (e.g. experimental work, literature search or simulation) becomes available, along the rest of the project period.
-Conceptual process design has not been fully executed because the research from the partners is still at the early stage.

WP 9 Dissemination, exploitation and technology transfer
Update of the project web page. Dissemination activities: 1 peer review publication and 14 dissemination actions. Preparation of a draft PUDF: Definition of an IPR ownership and exploitation strategy, partners have updated their exploitation interests.

WP 10 Management
Amendment 1 completed. Deliverables and milestones due on this period have been submitted. Internal communication has been managed in order to achieve a smooth project development and avoid delays
The main results achieved since the beginning of the project:
-Definition of the material property requirements, market and separation routes (WP1)
- Selection and growing conditions of the “most powerful” strains was established, 3 strains are taken into account to fulfil the technical requirements, market, demand and legislation expectations (WP2)
- A global diagram showing all the interacting parameters and their positive or negative effect on process performance in the photo-bioreactors. A dynamic photobioreactor model designed and validated (WP3)
-Analysis of the most suitable separation techniques (WP5)
- Methodologies to produce monomeric entities for end users’ applications (WP4, 5 and 6)
-Preliminary techno-economic, environmental and regulatory evaluation (WP8)
-List of Exploitable Results and Involved Partners updated (WP9)

Potential Impact:
Expected final results
-Risk indicators identified
- Algae strain with improved yield of one or some of the end-users interest products.
-Increase the amount of CO2 retained by kilo of bio-algae and bio-oil produced
-Production of full bio-sourced adhesive
- Production of conductive copolymers from algae biomass
- Production of Bio-based surfactants from algae biomass
- Production of inks’ binders from algae biomass
- Production of amino acids from algae biomass
- Case-studies developed fulfilling the end-user requirements
- Environmental performance of the new materials and processes according to standards and EU legislation in force. Carbon foot-print products lower than current ones.
- Dissemination of the results to the to the relevant Economic and Industrial sectors
- Adequate Technology transfer of the results to the relevant Economic and Industrial sectors.
Potential impacts and use
- The production of 100% renewable algae derived products
-Gas emissions from cement plants or power generation companies can be used by algae and thus reduce the environmental impact of the installations.
- Processing CO2 close to industries eliminates the capital and operating costs for transportation. It also eliminates the increasing opposition from localities opposed to pipelines. The CO2 from industrial emissions is obtained from industries located near the BFS bioreactors’ plant.
- The project addresses social aspects (new qualified job opportunities), environmental considerations (reduction of CO2 emissions, reduction of industrial emissions of VOCs and sustainable use of land) and economic challenges (growing demand on algae derived
-It is explored and achieved a commercial potential of the microalgae for obtaining the defined high-valued substances
- Process steps will pass the techno-economic and environmental criteria/evaluation.
-End users’ products differentiation from competitors

List of Websites:

Reported by

Síganos en: RSS Facebook Twitter YouTube Gestionado por la Oficina de Publicaciones de la UE Arriba