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UDRIVE Informe resumido

Project ID: 314050
Financiado con arreglo a: FP7-TRANSPORT
País: Netherlands

Periodic Report Summary 2 - UDRIVE (eUropean naturalistic Driving and Riding for Infrastructure & Vehicle safety and Environment)

Project Context and Objectives:
UDRIVE is the first large-scale European Naturalistic Driving study. Drivers are observed unobtrusively in a natural setting behind the wheel of their own vehicle. In this study car, truck and scooters are instrumented to observe driver and rider behaviours. Road transport is indispensable for the exchange of goods and persons. However, at the same time it has severe negative consequences, among others related to road safety and the environment. In order to meet EU targets, both the number of crashes and vehicle emission levels need to be reduced substantially. Therefore, with the aim of identifying the next generation of measures that will enable us to effectively reach these targets, a far more in-depth understanding of actual road user behaviour is needed.
UDRIVE collects naturalistic data on passenger cars, trucks, and scooter drivers in 6 countries across Europe. The data collection includes 5 to 8 different camera views, to provide a good insight in the situation inside and outside the vehicle. All data - including video data as well as geographic information system (GIS) data - is collected continuously. With this method it is possible to gain new insights in behaviours that and to gain understanding in driving behaviour in the various research areas well beyond the current state-of-the-art.

Facts & Figures
Project acronym: UDRIVE
Project name: “European naturalistic Driving and Riding for Infrastructure & Vehicle safety and Environment”
Project type: Collaborative project – Large-scale integrating project
Programme: FP7 Framework Programme
Project Coordinator: Nicole van Nes, SWOV
Start date: 1 October 2012
End date: 30 June 2017
Budget: € 10.6 mio.
EU funding: € 8 mio.

UDRIVE aims to increase our understanding of road user behaviour. Its objectives are two-fold: to identify well-founded and tailored measures to improve road safety and to identify approaches for reducing harmful emissions and fuel consumption in order to make road traffic more sustainable.
From a scientific and technical point of view, UDRIVE aims at:
• Describing and quantifying road user behaviour in different European regions, in regular conditions and (near-)crashes, and provide a quantified estimate of the risk of particular safety-critical behaviours, focussing especially on
o the prevalence and effects of driver/rider states, such as distraction and inattention
o interactions between drivers/riders and high risk groups like pedestrians and cyclists
• Describing and quantifying road user behaviour in relation to emission levels and fuel consumption, focussing in particular on
o the effects of driving style
o road and road network characteristics
o traffic conditions such as congestion, impaired visibility or adverse weather
• Identifying new approaches, measures and tools to make the traffic system safer and more sustainable, focussing especially on
o the definition of measurable safety and environmental performance indicators for monitoring developments over time
o improving existing models of driver behaviour to be used for e.g. predicting effect of safety and environmental measures, and traffic flow simulations
o applications in commercial transport, including driver support systems and targeted training for safer and more fuel efficient driving

After the project, UDRIVE will offer access to the collected data to the project partners and third parties within the bounds of legal and ethical restrictions. This will enable the exploitation of the data beyond the scope of the UDRIVE project.

UDRIVE roughly follows the steps of the FESTA-V methodology: Study Design, Data Management, Data Collection, Data Analysis and Impact.

Please find the figures in the uploaded document.

Project Results:
Work performed and main results
In the second period of the project, the DAS development was finalised, all DAS were produced and delivered, data collection has started and data analyses is prepared.
DAS development finalised
The finalisation of the DAS development and the vehicle installation was done in close collaboration with the supplier and between partners. Part of this process was also to acquire homologation approval from the car manufacturers to state that the planned installation is safe and will not impact the vehicle. In January 2015 the vehicle installation was validated and the homologation was achieved for the trucks. A few months later also for cars and scooters. Between January and June 2015 all DAS were produced and delivered.
The data is collected in 6 countries across Europe, these are the Operation Sites (OS). As soon as the DAS was mature, each OS received got a training on the vehicle instrumentation and a DAS to perform a pilot installation. As the system was very complex, some iterations were needed to improve the system and the OS had active communication to share their experiences.
In parallel the OS recruited participants. For Germany it was impossible to find 30 participants. Therefor it was decided to reduce the German OS to 20 vehicles. As it was not possible for France, Poland and England to take 10 additional vehicles, it was decided to set up a Dutch car OS with 10 vehicles to ensure maximal data collection. To get the Dutch OS started very quickly, it was decided to work with lease vehicles here. This simplifies the recruitment and instrumentation and allows to do three sequential waves of participants in those 10 vehicle in order to get 30 participants for this OS. Also the truck recruitment was very difficult for several reasons. Finally, it had to be accepted that it was not possible to recruit 50 truck drivers and the truck OS was reduced to 40 participants.
Data collection
Data collection is on ongoing now. Ramping up started in January 2015 with the first trucks. By October 2015 all OS were operational except for the Polish OS due to technical problems with the installation. The expectation is that data collection in Poland will be fully operational in January 2016.
Data analyses and annotation
The collected data is preprocessed at the Local Data Centers and then uploaded to the Central Data Center in Sweden. All partners have remote access to the data. The Data Protection Concept developed within the project describes procedures and limitations to deal with the Personal Data in order to respect the legislation and the privacy of the participants.
To perform analyses and annotations on the data, a software tool is being developed within the project. The partners involved in analyses have prepared the research questions to be studied as well as a preliminary analyses plan.

Potential Impact:
Expected final results, impact and use
There is a lot of interest and ambition in the UDRIVE project. UDRIVE is a unique project collecting unique data with the potential to offer unique insights into driver behaviour in relation to safety and ecodriving. It also is an extremely complex project, requiring a lot of technological developments within the project and tailored to the project. This makes the project very vulnerable for unexpected issues and delays. After the first period, the project was already a year behind schedule and many partners are overspending. As Ken Campbell, the leader of the USA SHRP2 NDS and member of the UDRIVE Advisory Board stated: every time you think the biggest hurdle has been taken, until the next one comes up. This period there were indeed new hurdles to take and for the next period we anticipate some more hurdles. In our risk register we keep track of potential risks, to identify them and to mitigate them in an early stage. Because of the unique value of the project, partners are very committed to the project and to join forces to take the hurdles.

For the remaining 21 months the main anticipated results are:
• Data collection
• Finalised annotation code book and annotation and analyses software
• Annotation and analyses of the data on: crash risk, distraction and inattention, vulnerable road users and ecodriving
• Impact of results on safety en sustainability measures, commercial applications and evaluations of measures
• Dissemination of results via conferences, workshops and final event

In line with the mentioned objectives, the impact of UDRIVE is expected in three areas:
1. Road safety and environmental performance
In the European Road Safety Observatory so-called safety performance indicators (SPI) are defined. An SPI is a measurable entity with a known relation to road safety. UDRIVE will develop and advise on ways to acquire data on SPI’s in a feasible way, e.g. on speed, exposure, etc. It is likely these SPI’s will also have an impact on emissions and fuel consumption.
2. Evaluations of measures
UDRIVE results will make traffic models more valid and reliable and thus improve their value for (especially) ex-ante evaluations. This implies policy makers can make better decisions on which road safety or environmental measures to take.
3. Commercial applications
UDRIVE will show which road user behaviour, i.e. not only the driver and rider but including pedestrians and cyclists in interacting with them, leads to risks or emissions and therefore shows a potential for (developing) advanced assistance systems. These systems will improve the competativeness of the European industry.

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Rob Eenink, (Head of Operational Department)
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Número de registro: 182466 / Última actualización el: 2016-05-20
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