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DEMOWARE Sintesi della relazione

Project ID: 619040
Finanziato nell'ambito di: FP7-ENVIRONMENT
Paese: Spain

Periodic Report Summary 1 - DEMOWARE (Innovation Demonstration for a Competitive and Innovative European Water Reuse Sector)

Project Context and Objectives:
The ability of Europe’s communities to respond to increasing water stress by taking advantage of water reuse opportunities is restricted by low public confidence in solutions, inconsistent approaches to evaluating costs and benefits of reuse schemes, and poor coordination of the professionals and organisations who design, implement and manage them.

The central objective of the DEMOWARE project is focused on mitigating the main barriers to water reuse implementation by stimulating innovation and improving cohesion within the evolving European water reuse sector. The project, through integrating several demonstration sites covering water reuse in urban, agricultural and industrial sectors, aims to work collaboratively to improve the widespread implementation potential of water reuse in these sectors through tackling the barriers that currently limit its extensive application.

Using nine existing and one greenfield innovation site distributed all over Europe, the project is structured in 9 work packages dealing with treatment processes and reuse schemes (WP1), process monitoring and performance control (WP2), risk and environmental benefit analysis (WP3), business models and pricing strategies (WP4) and governance and stakeholder collaboration (WP5). Specific work packages for dissemination (WP7) and exploitation (WP8) are also included in the project. Project outcomes will guide the development of a live in-development water reuse scheme in the Vendée green field site (WP6).

By deepening the evidence base around innovative treatment processes performance and reuse scheme, testing new tools for process monitoring and performance control, providing strategies for the risk management and quantifying the environmental benefit of water reuse DEMOWARE aims to obtain objective data to improve both operator and public confidence in reuse schemes. It will also advance the quality and usefulness of business models and pricing strategies and generate culturally and regulatory regime specific guidance on appropriate governance, public involvement and stakeholder collaboration processes. Dissemination and exploitation activities, including the establishment of a European Water Reuse Association, ensure that DEMOWARE will shape market opportunities for European solution providers and provide an environment for the validation and benchmarking of technologies and tools. Ultimately the DEMOWARE outcomes will increase Europe’s ability to profit from the resource security and economic benefits of water reuse schemes without compromising human health and environmental integrity.

Project Results:
At the writing of this report, DEMOWARE project has advanced with few deviations from the initial plan-ning. Most of the tasks have started and nearly all experimental setups have been implemented and provided initial results in their respective demonstration sites. Two general assemblies with representatives from all the partners have taken place and the management board have met four times to discuss the project advance.

WP1 Demonstrating innovative treatment process and reuse scheme operation: It has been demonstrated how membrane technologies provide water of enough quality to improve water efficiency in the petrochemical industry, how innovative pretreatments help in increasing membrane process performance and how membranes can regenerate water from anaerobic treatment dealing with rural wastes. Results showed that treatment of membrane concentrates with willows for short-rotation coppice is also a promising process to manage membrane concentrated effluents. First results from soil-aquifer treatment have demonstrated how innovative pretreatments and aquifer modelling have proven to be valuable tools for designing SAT systems, avoiding the dissolution of non-desirable compounds from the aquifer and increasing the removal of micropollutants. Thorough evaluation of water cycles in farms, drinking water for livestock has been identified as the most interesting use of reclaimed water in livestock production. First results from the evaluation of the effectiveness of reusing tertiary treated agro-industrial wastewater effluents for the irrigation of vegetable crops have also been obtained. Finally, results from partial disinfection strategies using innovative chemicals such as PFA have demonstrated how they decrease disinfection costs while removing microbial contamination and how decoupling nutrient and water management by nutrient recovery technologies enables the closing of the nutrient cycle.

WP2 Process monitoring and performance control: Innovative quality monitoring and control strategies have started to provide interesting results on the fate of contaminants and the impact of operation strategies in the final water quality. Flow cytometry and an innovative molecular biological detection methods for relevant microorganisms proved to be interesting techniques to evaluate the effectiveness of different disinfection technologies and the presence of biological contamination. First results from chemical fingerprinting and effect based assays demonstrated how these techniques could serve to identificate a large range of micropollutants and provide a rapid and online detection of chemical contaminants, respectively. A review of techniques for membrane integrity testing has also been performed in order to identify current approaches. Experimental setups for demonstration, in the second reporting period, the benefits from clogging reduction techniques in agricultural irrigation and adjustable maintenance strategies and failure managment in urban distribution networks have also been set up.

WP3 Risk managmenet and environmental benefit analysis: Focus has been put on developing a common approach for assessing the different sites, define the studied reuse categories, derive reference scenarios against which the innovative treatment trains are compared and define the data needed to perform the Life Cycle Assessment in order to provide an harmonized approach for demo sites and use categories developed. System boundaries have been defined for the respective systems under study, including all relevant parts of the system that are affected by water reuse. Regarding the assessment of potential chemical or microbial risk for human health associated with water reuse for various purposes, first risk estimations in El Port de la Selva have been performed from aquifer modelling results.

WP4 Business models and pricing strategies: To improve innovative technologies penetration into the market business, models for selected water reuse technologies have been developed. In order to help companies uptake this innovations and to identify financial benefits of implementing water reuse schemes, business models for water reuse operators have also been developed. The water reuse cycles in Brauschweig and Sabadell sites have been analysed in order to identify the main water uses and water users and to define the choice experiment study for cost benefit analysis to be performed in both case studies.

WP5 Governance for water reuse: Governance challenges that the Torreele and Shafdan cases have faced and the strategies that were developed and employed to deal with these problems have been analysed via interviews with demonstration site stakeholders. Same approach has been used in OFWRP, Sabadell, Torre Marimon and Capitanata sites to identify challenges that are currently facing and the potential response strategies that stakeholders have in mind. From these results, a conceptual map of governance challenges and potential response strategies has been developed. On the other side, policies, regulations and guidance around water reuse that has been issued by EU bodies, global governmental entities and by national governments in selected countries outside of Europe have been reviewed. An extensive literature review on public perception, support, opposition and involvement in water reuse practices and examples of stakeholder collaboration in water reuse projects all over the world has also been performed.

WP6 Demonstration of the project outcomes in an integrated case study: First analytical and sampling campaigns have been performed in Vendée site to demonstrate that planned reuse scheme can be envisaged thanks to a study of the impact of an existing, unplanned and similar reuse scheme and to assess chemical and biological quality of the current wastewater effluents. A compilation of the French legislation and regulations on water, drinking water, wastewaters and wastewater reuse has been done and will be complemented with outputs from WP5 to identify the general context and regulation issues of water reuse in Vendée. A literature review on social acceptance in order to start the definition of the public and stakeholder engagement strategy has also been done. Preliminary data requirements for LCA and RA have also been identified.

WP7 Dissemination: Main results from this first reporting period have been the establishment of a dissemination strategy plan including identification of target groups, communication channels and a sound timing for the planned actions for dissemination. Dissemination material including logos, templates, a factsheet of the project and a brochure have been produced and distributed to all partners. A database of specific stakeholders has been created with the input of all partners of the project which will be used to disseminate the project results to specific targets. Many dissemination activities targeting the scientific community, industry, policy makers, public administrations have been performed by the partners of the project. Contacts between project partners and representatives of DG ENV have taken place to transfer results of the project to the policy makers of the EU Commission.

WP8 Exploitation and Growth: Main activities of the partners involved in WP8 have been to develop a legal, governmental and financial structure for a Europe wide association of reuse professionals, named Water Reuse Europe (WRE) in view of its official incorporation. WRE is the trade association for organisations involved in the European water reuse sector. As such, WRE’s mission is to create a collective identity for the European water reuse sector and promote an innovative and dynamic water reuse industry. One of the specific tasks of the WP8 partners also involved work on the development of a knowledge exchange platform to be used as a tool for promoting WRE’s activities, and more broadly support the development of the water reuse sector.

In summary, the project progresses with minor deviation from the initial planning. Most experimental procedures have been established and nearly all experimental setups are up and running. Next project's period should serve to obtain and consolidate reliable data that demonstrates how the proposed innovations can help in overcoming the main barriers that hamper the implementation of water reuse schemes in Europe.

Potential Impact:
DEMOWARE project is due to have a profound and lasting impact on overcoming the barriers to a more widespread implementation of water reuse in Europe. DEMOWARE will have strong impacts on technological, academic, economic, environmental and above all social dimensions. DEMOWARE will ensure increased market opportunities for the water related industry, specifically SMEs, which will in turn promote innovation, growth and job creation leading to Europe becoming a global leader in water reuse technologies and implementation.

The outcomes of the DEMOWARE project are perfectly aligned with the aims of the EIP Water in that the technological innovations will look to impact on the water technology market while the non-technological innovations will impact positively on society and the environment for water reuse implementation.
DEMOWARE results will provide technologies and schemes for water reuse at lower cost and showing higher performance. Implementation of technologies demonstrated in DEMOWARE will reduce resources usage (energy, chemicals, etc.) and decresase CO2 emissions related to water management by developing treatments and schemes with greater performances, avoid overexplotation of freshwater sources and recover and reuse resources (nitrogen, phosphorus, etc.). The new monitoring and control technologies developed and strategies will also ensure safety related to water reuse. Both environmental benefits and safety of water reuse will be demonstrated using real-case data in scientifically proven methodologies (LCA and RA).

Activities within DEMOWARE will develop innovative business plans and models to help define what new markets show opportunities for the innovations proposed on new technologies and as well as innovative business models for water reuse operators to provide them with the correct tools to make decisions of which technologies they can implement to get a return on investment, coupled with the correct pricing.
DEMOWARE results will also provide tools and methodologies to engage the general public and related stakeholders and convince them of the benefits of water reuse, thus overcoming one of the main barriers that hampers implementation of water reuse schemes. At the same time, DEMOWARE results will help EU Commission to develop a unifying water reuse governance.

Finally, DEMOWARE will provide to the water reuse sector of an unified and specific identity through the creation of Water Reuse Europe, the European water reuse association. WRE will serve as both a reference point for professionals working in the European water reuse sector and as a vehicle for advocacy, education and outreach.

European citizens will benefit from the project in three main ways. Firstly, the DEMOWARE project will lead to the design and operation of more reliable and efficient water reuse schemes, thus delivering water to end-users at affordable costs, thereby enhancing sustainable water management practices and reducing the vulnerability of European communities to climate change and drought. Secondly, the project will improve the ability of the European water reuse sector to present and sell its services both internally and outside of Europe thereby boosting the value of the sector to the European economy. Finally, Europeans will realise value from the project through its support for efficient resource use – protecting environmental water flows and more appropriately matching water supply quality to use.

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Pau Castro, (Project Managment and Control)
Tel.: +34 93 877 73 73