Servicio de Información Comunitario sobre Investigación y Desarrollo - CORDIS


INGRID Informe resumido

Project ID: 312691
Financiado con arreglo a: FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES
País: Belgium

Periodic Report Summary 2 - INGRID (Inclusive Growth Research Infrastructure Diffusion)

Project Context and Objectives:
1. Mission of facilitating research

InGRID is an EU FP7 project built around a research infrastructure. A European research infrastructure is a facility or platform that provides the scientific community with resources and services to conduct top-level research in their respective fields. It is about ‘facilitating’ research. The infrastructure is connected to the social sciences community, which wants to make an evidence-based contribution to the Europe 2020 policy target of inclusive growth. More broadly defined, this research community is focusing on social in/exclusion, vulnerability-at-work and related policies from a European comparative perspective. It is about poverty research, labour studies, policy analysis and social statistics.
Europe 2020 is the EU’s growth strategy for the current decade. As part of this strategy, the EU wants to create more and better jobs and enhance social inclusion. Targets have been set to reach high levels of employment and to combat poverty. Today in Europe, however, we see a growing social vulnerability and a rise in precarious work. The policy challenges related to the European strategy of inclusive growth are thus major. European policy-oriented research can and must deliver useful contributions to tackle these challenges. Key tools in this social science research are all types of data: earnings statistics, administrative social data, labour market data, surveys on quality of life or working conditions, policy indicators.

2. Integrating a distributed infrastructure

The InGRID infrastructure wants to support the social science community in ways otherwise impossible by integrating:
1. data archives/collections that have already been specialising in integrating national data: the LIS data centre in relation to income data and the CED institute specialising in European census micro-data;
2. existing EU-wide databases and indicator collections of relevant national institutions and policies (for example developed by SOFI in Sweden and AIAS in Amsterdam);
3. new data efforts or projects especially in the field of working conditions and job quality: the WageIndicator project, the MEADOW approach for organisation panels, ...;
4. innovative ways to order and analyse data collected among others by official data providers (EU-SILC, the surveys of the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, national socio-economic panels and working conditions surveys);
5. standards for harmonisation of questionnaires, classifications and policy indicators;
6. simulation facilities to enhance statistical quality and model impacts of policies (EUROMOD).

3. Project Activities

InGRID wants to maintain and improve this research infrastructure. On the one hand, access is offered to other interested researchers. This (free) transnational access is a key functionality for an infrastructure; organising access to data, services, expertise, and laboratory facilities. Every 3 to 4 months a call for visiting grants is launched. On the other hand, it is about creating opportunities for networking, dialogue and knowledge exchange. On a regular basis expert workshops and summer/winter schools are organised. Four thematic pillars are distinguished to integrate these resources from multiple locations in a grid. Improvement of the infrastructure is looked for by joint
research activities in these pillars:

1. Poverty and living conditions
a. The development of an integrated poverty and living conditions indicator system (IPOLIS)
b. Optimisation of the use of census micro-data to analyse and monitor poverty and living conditions at territorial level in Europe
c. Map the priorities for future data collections and comparative analysis

2. Working conditions and vulnerability
a. Create tools for harmonising the measurement of occupations EU-wide
b. Tools to detect and classify new jobs and new skills in working conditions surveys
c. Inventories and reviews of existing surveys on working conditions and occupational health and safety in Europe
d. Identifying determinants of vulnerability connected with economic changes and employers’ behaviour and mapping vulnerable groups in work

3. Policy impact and evaluation
Improving possibilities for institutional and comparative policy analysis by:
a. Building a flexible (web-based) tool for doing family model analysis on the basis of EUROMOD
b. Extending policy measures in EUROMOD with measures for child care
c. Map and develop new tools to capture a broader range of institutional information in single policy indicators

4. Statistical quality management
Case-based activities linked to the other pillars to improve and optimize from a statistical point of
a. Scenario and simulation based analysis
b. Data and modelling
c. Multi-dimensional measurement

Project Results:
The project started in February 2013. 36 months of project work have meanwhile passed. The results
can be summarised according to the 3 main activities of a research infrastructure project:

1. Transnational access (TNA) to 13 data infrastructure and competence centers (WP6-19)

a. A visiting grant system is up and running to host other researchers. 9 calls for transnational access
have been launched. See:
b. 106 researchers, coming from 25 different European countries, have been accepted as visitor. A total of 1730 visiting days. 1 in 4 of the visitors is coming from newer EU Member States. The stories of the visitors can be read at:

2. Networking and mutual learning activities (WP2-5)

Detail information on these events:

a. Three Research Infrastructure Forums have been organised. The second had the topical title ‘Inclusive Growth and the European semester: policies, indicators and data’. The third has been organized as satellite event of the NTTS2015 conference on new methods and techniques for official statistics (13/03/2015).

b. Organisation of 10 expert network workshops
To identify and discuss key technical issues in particular areas of the InGRID infrastructure and reinforce interaction and debate with other stakeholders-experts, the following workshops have been organised:
i. Framework and methods for indicator building for various vulnerable groups (27-29/11/2013, organised by Tarki).
ii. New skills, new jobs; tools for harmonising the measurement of occupation EU-wide (10-12/02/2014, organised by UvA-AIAS).
iii. Model family simulations of income policies: taking the next steps with Euromod (7/04/2014, organised by UA-CSB).
iv. Protocol development for hard-to-reach and hard-to-identify groups in living conditions surveys to enhance cross-country comparative research (28-30/04/2014, organised by Ubremen-BIGSSS).
v. Using webcrawling data in identifying new jobs and new skills (20/10/2014, organized by CEPS).
vi. Development and dissemination of social policy indicators (19-21/11/2014, organized by SU).
vii. Evaluating the effect of child care policies: improving comparative research tools (9-11/09/2015, organized by UEssex and UA).
viii. Local statistics for decision-making on well-being and vulnerability (15-17/06/2015, organized by UNIPI-DEM).
ix.. Research uses of high-precision census samples (25-27/06/2015, organized by CED)
x. Quality of working life and economic performance: results from linked employer/employee surveys (4-6/11/2015, organized by CEE).

c. Organisation of 11 summer/winter school training events for early-stage researchers and policy practitioners
i. New skills and occupations in Europe: challenges and possibilities (25-27/11/2013, organised by
ii. Using Euromod, winter school in cross-country microsimulation (26-28/02/2014, organised by
iii. The gender pay gap revisited – causes and consequences of horizontal and vertical gender
inequalities on the labour market (7-11/07/2014, organised by UvA-AIAS).
iv. Poverty and Social Exclusion in three dimensions: multidimensional, longitudinal and small area
estimation (21-25/07/2014, organised by UNIPI-DEM).
v. Intergenerational and life-course transmission of poverty (15-19/09/2014, UNI-HB)
vi. Intergenerational inequalities (3-5/11/2014, CEPS)
vii. Cross-country micro-simulation (18-20/02/2015, UESSEX)
viii. Quality of working life and vulnerabilities (1-5/06/2015, CEE)
ix. Advanced poverty research: poverty and material deprivation dynamics (6-10/07/2015, CEPS/INSTEAD)
x. Elaborating a discrete-time dynamic microsimulation model (16-18/11/2015, CEPS/INSTEAD)
xi. From Uber to Amazon mechanical Turk: non-traditional labour market driven by technological and organizational change (23-25/11/2015, CEPS)

3. Joint research activities (WP20-23)

a. RTD for innovative tools and protocols for poverty & living conditions research
- the development of an integrated poverty and living conditions indicator system is in its final stage (IPOLIS)
- methodological and data infrastructure reports on different specific vulnerable groups (children, elderly, youth, Roma) have been compiled.
- the use of census micro-data to analyse and monitor poverty at the territorial level is explored.

b. RTD for innovative tools and protocols for working conditions & vulnerability research
In relation to tools for harmonizing the measurement of occupations’:
- a review of the existing knowledge on tools used to measure occupations in various survey modes has been conducted.
- a method to facilitate the testing of the comparability of the job content of occupational titles has been investigated.
- a tool for the measurement of occupations in web surveys using a global index of occupations is presented.
In relation to tools to detect and classify new jobs and skills:
- A state-of-the-art report ‘What are the new occupations and the new skills? And how are they measured’ is published.
- A case study of the Czech Republic of using web data as early warning-tool is provided.
In relation to inventories and reviews of existing data sources on working conditions and occupational health and safety, inventories and basic metadata have been compiled on national working conditions surveys and linked employer/employee surveys.

c. RTD for innovative solutions for comparative policy indicators and analysis
- A beta version of the integrated model family analysis tool in Euromod is now up and running.
- A new approach in the measurement of income replacement in out-of-work benefits has been developed and discussed.

d. RTD on high-performance statistical quality management
A series of case studies have been finished and relate to the following issues:
- The importance of using survey weights in statistical dimensionality reduction strategies;
- The advantages of using a fuzzy methodology in a multidimensional approach to measure living conditions (of children);
- The application of small area estimation (using multivariate kernel density estimation methods) and the use of Big data in poverty research (at territorial level).
- The choice of method for poverty estimation from income classes data is dependent on the type of classification scheme (few/equidistant or many/ascending width).
- Extension of the synthetic data universe AMELIA
In addition, a comprehensive literature review on how missing data should be accounted for in both cross-sectional and longitudinal data has been compiled.

4. Futuring InGRID

As first major step of the InGRID strategic futuring programme, a broad survey of the community-of-interest on needs, gaps and weaknesses has been organized. The survey was successful in defining clearly and transparently the infrastructure challenges. They relate in the first place to better and more harmonized and integrated data, secondly to improved instruments for linking policy assessments to social situations or working life and thirdly closing stronger the gap between research evidence and policy innovation. Another weakness relate to uneven development and use of the InGRID comparative RI between EU Member States. A worrying trend is the negative impact of state budget cuts on the primary data sources at national level of the InGRID RI.

Potential Impact:
Inequality, poverty and vulnerability-at-work are in the current European crisis and taking the ambitious EU2020 targets into account a ‘growing’ policy challenge. The new president of
European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker spoke in this regard at his maiden-speech (July 15, 2014) in the European Parliament about a growing 29th state in the EU that has to be fought against. InGRID wants as a project to facilitate policy-related European research focusing on this challenge of inclusive growth. With this mission as baseline InGRID wants to make and is making an impact at 5 different levels:

1. Integrate and coordinate the available research infrastructure expertise (RI) on this matter in the European research area: 17 partners with a long track-record in related EU FP5-6-7 projects are now working together to improve their data competences and make their expertise available to others.

2. Improved access to and use of the pool of research infrastructures: transnational on-site access is organised, leading to more in-depth knowledge transfer (as the stories of the visitors learn); better use is organised by new initiatives for access of related data (EU-SILC; European Working Conditions Survey) and by facilitating the analysis of these data by high-performance simulation technologies.

3. Enhanced European added value of research capabilities: harmonisation, integration, better accuracy are the key words here. State-of-the-art reviews on a series of topics have in this regard been made : on an integrated indicator system of poverty and living conditions; on measuring occupations; on using websources for monitoring occupations and skills; on existing national surveys of working conditions; on linked employer-employee surveys; on statistical quality problems of indicators and estimates.

4. Exchange with the (wider) community-of-interests to integrate/innovate the RI: high-level expert discussions have been organised by workshops on the following topics: poverty & living conditions
indicators for specific vulnerable groups; measuring occupations; model family simulations of
income policies; protocols for living conditions surveys on hard-to-reach and hard-to-survey groups; using webcrawling data in labour market research; social policy indicators, local statistics on vulnerability, use of high-precision census samples and linked employer/employee surveys.

5. Contributing to evidence-based European policy to combat poverty and vulnerability. Policy experts/practitioners have been invited to join us at the high-level expert discussions. Research Infrastructure Forums have been dedicated to link the future discussion of the RI to the indicator and data challenges of the European policy semester and to the modernization of official social statistics.

List of Websites:

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