Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


GALENA Report Summary

Project ID: 641515
Funded under: H2020-EU.2.1.6.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - GALENA (Galileo-based solutions for urban freight transport)

Reporting period: 2015-01-01 to 2015-12-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Urban Freight Transport action relates to find solutions to better manage and monitor freight transport flows and ensure efficient last-mile delivery, while maximizing the economic efficiency of urban distribution, and minimizing the environmental and social impacts. GALENA develops the hardware equipment as well as the information system and the supervision platform needed for the cross supply chain orchestration of a community of shippers involved in urban freight pooling particularly for the last-mile delivery. GALENA relies on the development of a robust and GNSS-based liability binding application, enabling the different carrier operators to join a Mutualized Transportation Community to timestamp, geo-locate and formalize (as a real authentication) their trip as well as any events occurring during the shipping. An innovative, accurate and affordable hybrid system (Galileo/RTLS) will be developed for this purpose ensuring a seamless, robust and continuous handover indoor/outdoor localization and continuous, real-time, reliable, accurate and available Position, Velocity and Time (PVT) of carriers and high value parcels. An already existing logistics information systems will be adapted to exchange and store shipment authenticated data between all stakeholders, ensuring the traceability of goods, management of status changes while drawing up an objective review of the sharing of added value between the various stakeholders of a shared supply chain. A web service application will be set up for continuously supervising transactions and support to the orchestration decision making process. A truly interdisciplinary collaboration between GNSS, wireless sensors, logistics information systems, urban logistics and freight transport experts is set up to meet the objectives. The consortium gathers 8 EU partners committed within 2-year project to disseminate results towards potential customers and confirm the conditions for a successful larger scale deployment.

The eight objectives which will make the overall project realistic, measurable and successful within a 24-month timeframe are:
To refine the users’ requirements by performing urban freight transport stakeholders requirements’ analysis in the context of freight pooling, including the last-mile delivery.
To define the system architecture needed for an efficient, robust and liability binding cross supply chain orchestration of a community of shippers involved in freight pooling in urban areas, particularly for the last-mile delivery.
To develop innovative and trusted PVT solutions with a hybrid system GALILEO / ZigBee enabling a seamless, robust and continuous handover indoor/outdoor localization of freight and enabling the various carrier operators to take over (and then hand over) the liability of the goods they are responsible for.
To adapt an existing logistics information system (e.g., an ERP) by taking into account the trusted PVT and authentication data.
To develop the supervision web service application as well as the tracking and rendezvous service functions needed to enable the effective and efficient orchestration of the various stakeholders involved within the cross supply chain activities.
To integrate the different components into an operational prototype and validate the system versus initial specifications from the technical and functional standpoints;
To implement a demonstration and validate the GALENA application in terms of technical performances, reliability, cost effectiveness and service availability with a community of selected shippers; to assess the level of integrity and robustness of the GALENA application in terms of geo-positioning and time stamped data for carriers’ liability tracking.
After having demonstrated GALENA project potentialities for freight pooling during the ITS 2015 World Wide congress in Bordeaux, to disseminate the project results towards potential customers and confirm the conditions for a successful larger scale deployment (Business plan).

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

"The GALENA project is divided in 9 work packages.
• WP1 for the project management,
• WP2 for the users requirements definition,
• WP3, WP4, WP5, WP6, WP7 for the technical development and integration of the solution,
• WP8 for demonstration activities,
• WP9 for dissemination and exploitation,
• WP10 for ethics issues.
During the first period, the WP1 activities were the management of the mandatory Kick of Meeting and the internal management board meeting in order to launch work packages, monitor the progress, and close the work packages. Also included were the delivery of contractual documents with the relationship between the project officer and the experts, and the assessment of the risks and opportunities to establish the actions plan.
The Work Package 2 -Users’ Requirements- has been carried out and finished during the first reporting period (2015).
TRIVIZOR is the leader of this Work Package. This work package was about the needs and requirements of the different stakeholders and (potential) users of the Galena system (product). A large scaled survey was set up in order to get as much as possible relevant information from a wide variety of actors. Based on the thorough needs assessment carried out in WP2, an appropriate and relevant Galena system can be developed in the subsequent work packages.
The following project milestones were reached and deliverables were submitted:
• Project Milestone: Installation of stakeholder platform – multi-lateral letter of engagement (MS3 & D2.1)
• Project Milestone: Consensus on principles and objectives – MoU (MS4 & D2.2))
• Project Milestone: Consensus on vision and mission – MoU (MS5 & D2.3)
• Project Milestone: Multi-Stakeholder functional and data needs assessment – users’ requirements (MS6 & D2.4)
Today there is general consensus among the partners in the Galena consortium on respectively the stakeholder definitions, the main principles and objectives for orchestrated urban logistics, the vision and mission of the Galena consortium and finally the functional and data needs assessment. This is undoubtedly a sound basis to work further on.
During the first period of the project, NEBUSENS collaborated actively in the process of determination and definition of the stakeholders of the project. Several added-value services using real time location in indoor environments were found, including the tracking of fleets and workers in big warehouses or protection fleets services using electronic devices and identification.
HELILEO provided a list of contacts in order to add potential stakeholders for the survey in order to retrieve a large number of contributions.
UoA prepared and participated in several discussions through conference calls regarding work package 2. Additionally, they reviewed and provided comments on the deliverable documents.
The results are described in detail in the various deliverable report (D2.1, D2.2, D2.3 and D2.4, see above).
The WP3 is dedicated to the translation of user’s requirements to technical requirements. The work package enabled the listing of potential technologies for the hardware to be developed. HELILEO is the leader of this task and presented different technologies to have a GALILEO ready and EGNOS able GNSS device. HELILEO also introduced the technical solutions for an indoor/outdoor positioning system.
NEBUSENS provided its expertise in indoor positioning in the design and development of the NavigeoScan. An analysis of the technologies that can support this kind of systems has been carried out, looking at the communication protocols, the software development technologies, or the different types of tags and devices that each technology can support and integrate. Once a technology was chosen, the issues related to the indoor location system were detailed, including data collection and transmission and information management. Thus, a complete definition and specification of the architecture of the system has been detailed.
CYBERENS was in charge of the task 3.2 "Security Aspects". They performed a complete risk analysis of the system in order to identify the sensitive and critical elements of the architecture, and the potential threats and vulnerabilities. From this work, they have specified the security countermeasures presented in the deliverable 3.2 for the measures related to the NaviGeoScan. They specified how to generate and store the certificates, how to retrieve securely the data associated with the parcels from the Logistic Information System, how to exchange parcels between two operators, how to deliver parcels to the final customer with an electronic proof of delivery and how to send the geolocation of the NGS to the Supervision Core Platform.
UoA prepared and participated in several discussions through conference calls. Additionally, they provided text for section of D3.5 and reviewed and provided comments on the rest of the deliverable documents.
The WP4 is dedicated to the NaviGeo Scan (NGS) product development. HELILEO is the leader of this task and developed prototypes of NGS. The NGS is based on an Android smartphone, coupled with a GALILEO Ready, Indoor positioning add-on device. It can be connected to a power bank battery and to a commercial hand held scanner. HELILEO designed a custom housing in order to integrate all the components in a unique and standalone device.
NEBUSENS tasks regarding the product development were related to the indoor localization system and the switch between indoor and outdoor location, with the security of the system itself and with the security issues that indoor technology improves by using special tags. Special technical requirements (electrical and firmware) has been agreed upon to integrate indoor and outdoor systems. Moreover, a specific design of security tags for containers and special freights was developed.
HELILEO is currently developing the smartphone application, to scan the barcodes on the parcels and to transmit them to the others components of the GALENA platform.
CYBERENS is in charge of the task 4.6 "Security Aspects" of the Work Package 4. They are developing security software to guarantee the integrity, the authenticity and the geolocation of transactions. This software will be implemented on the NGS, the Supervision Core Platform and the Logistic Information System. They already have all the functions of this software, but still need to put them in the form of a library compatible with Android on the NGS, the OS of the Supervision Core Platform and the Logistic Information System.
UoA prepared and participated in several discussions through conference calls regarding work package 4.
The work package 5 is dedicated to Logistic Information System adaptation.
The work package 6 is dedicated to the definition and development of the Core Supervision Platform, which plays the orchestration role in the project.
As a WP6 Leader, IIDRE spent time to discuss with all the functional and the technical partners and was heard by specialists to understand the challenge and opportunities. The architect role, as a facilitator to decide on the final overview architecture, allows IIDRE's team to have a good understanding of the existing LIS AP+ from MGI, other LIS like the Transport Management System (TMS) and the Wharehouse Management System (WMS). IIDRE's team also worked on the NGS concept when the discussion between NEBUSENS and HELILEO began and finalized the operating switch included in the NGS solution. Therefore, IIDRE can offer and design the HMI model to confirm the simple, trusted and orchestration global solution for Freight Management Pooling.
The supervision core platform is one of the most hazardous and complex work of the project. During the first period of the project, the analysis of the supervision core platform functionalities has led the definition of the architecture of the system. After the architecture high-level definition, data structures and Web services were designed, including a specific API design, development and integration. Moreover, the management of the tracking data (collection, organization, homogenization and storage) was developed. The location engine was integrated into the system through the development of a specific daemon. Finally, a first approach on the data visualization has been done.
CYBERENS is not directly involved in this Work Package. The partners writing the deliverables of this Work Package asked us to explain the security functions of the Supervision Core Platform. In the deliverable 6.1, we describe how the Supervision Core Platform will communicate securely with the NGS and the Logistic Information System, to ensure confidentiality, authenticity and non-repudiation of the data.
The infrastructure for the development and production environments of the Core Supervision Platform was set up by UoA. They developed a number of features of the Core Supervision Platform, including user registration, management, access roles, and interaction with OpenStreetMap data. We provided several comments on D6.1 and authored most of D6.2.
The integration work package 7 has not yet been initiated.
The objectives of the work package 8 is “to demonstrate” that the Galena system could work. One is focusing on issues like user-friendliness, trust, data security, collaboration, communication, optimization… The main goals are twofold, on one hand convincing (potential) users and stakeholders of the added value and uniqueness of Galena and on the other hand gathering further insights and feedback in order to fine tune the Galena business offering. The objective is not really to proof business viability or profitability. The limited scope could not offer the chance to reach any economies of scale, scope and chain.

Three different demonstrations are required, classified in different tasks: task 8.1, task 8.2 and task 8.3. These three tasks will result in respective deliverable reports (D8.1, D8.2 and D8.3).

Task 8.1 Demonstration at ITS World Conference 2015 in Bordeaux
This task was fulfilled in October 2015. The respective deliverable with a clear description of the objectives, the contacts and the outcomes was submitted end of 2015 (30-12-2015). A DRS was provided by the reviewer, along with the author’s response and a revision of the deliverable D8.1 based on the feedback that was submitted.
Task 8.2 Demonstration case 1
“Demonstration case 1” will be a small test case with a limited number of users (e.g. 10) in a limited area (scope). In this (pilot) case system functionalities are demonstrated in terms of user-friendliness and usefulness.
Execution of this task is planned in Q3 and Q4 of 2016. The outcomes and lessons learned will be provided in Deliverable D8.2.
Task 8.3 Demonstration case 2
Demonstration case 2 will be a real-life case, a so-called full deployment case with a realistic scope (city-wide) and a realistic number of users (e.g. 100). In this real-life case system functionalities are not only demonstrated, but also tested and validated in terms of efficiency and effectiveness.
Execution of this task is planned in Q3 and Q4 of 2016. The outcomes and lessons learned will be provided in Deliverable D8.3.
Although demonstration was not one of the most important matter during the first period, NEBUSENS analysed and exposed different ideas for the use of indoor location systems. In the second period of the project, they will develop security issues (alarms when unauthorized movement of freight or manipulation), tamper issues, incorrect match between vehicles and drivers, or personal tracking among others.

WP9 - Communication dissemination and exploitation

IGiK is a WP leader of communication, dissemination and exploitation. In the first months of the project IGiK prepared a “Collaborative platform” document, containing detailed information about the project website. They prepared a “Plan for the dissemination and exploitation of results”, which will be updated all during the project. This 60-pages document provides a description of the GALENA project dissemination strategy and defined a detailed action plan for its implementation.
In the reporting period, IGiK prepared and launched the GALENA project website. The website public area is finished and is fully operational. It was divided into 9 sections.
IGiK was also responsible for the internal communication among project partners (private part – IGiK maintained and updated the public and private part of the website. The Galena project has also a project profile on the Facebook.
IGiK designed a visual identify for the project (project’s logo, slide template, and project documents).
IGiK prepared promotional materials including a poster and leaflets for one of the most important event dedicated to transports, the ITS World Congress in Bordeaux in November 2015.
NEBUSENS main activities that were carried out in this work package are related with the coordination of the activities between partners, the participation in different meetings (Kick-off meeting at HELILEO's office in Dax, meeting in Prague at the European GNSS Agency, conference call meetings, etc.). Moreover, NEBUSENS is preparing a scientific paper to be published by 2016 related with the NavigeoScan System and the indoor location system used on it.

UoA published a paper related to freight-pooling using GNSS devices in IEEE MDM 2015 conference."

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The first impact of the project is that the activities should aim at developing highly innovative and adaptive applications taking advantage of the Galileo and EGNOS.
The HELILEO Company has developed during the first period a prototype board which embeds a GALILEO ready receiver. The GNSS receiver already embeds the EGNOS capability in order to improve the availability, accuracy and reliability. This electronic board will integrate the interfaces with indoor locations systems in order to offer indoor and outdoor positioning in the same system. Additionally, the project will develop software library for Android in order to communicate with GALILEO ready chipsets.
The second impact is that the proposal should be led by an SME and should have a clear intention to commercialise the products and services developed, including a business plan.
This project is led by an SME: HELILEO. The project partners have the firm goal to end with a business plan to implement the GALENA solution in practise and to generate a joint business. This part is recognized as the most challenging part in a project like GALENA with several partners.
Nevertheless business plan and exploitation is only incorporated in the final work package WP9 (task 9.4), which started from day 1 of the project !
NEBUSENS foresaw the inclusion of several added value services using real time location in indoor environments, among others, the tracking of fleets and workers in big warehouses or protection fleets services using electronic devices and identification. Also we look at the inclusion of data assessment for users: online information, location data, security data, etc.
In the process of stakeholder’s survey, IGiK has raised awareness about the project among Polish partners.
The third impact is that additional partners within the consortium should contribute directly to the needs identified by the SME in the lead, in order to fulfil the above objective of commercialisation.
An experienced subcontractor was chosen (Capital High Tech) to support and coach the project partners in this process. One of the advantages of having a subcontractor is that this actor can play a neutral role, which is crucial in setting up a joint business, with a fair division of benefits for all project partners.
During ITS WC15 in Bordeaux (cfr. Demonstration 1, WP8) a pre-commercial leaflet was tested and validated with a panel of various (potential) user profiles.
In project period 2, we have planned a dedicated workshop with all partners to work on a joint business and exploitation plan. This workshop is planned early Q2, 2016.
NEBUSENS is responsible for planning the integration of the indoor location system, facilitate the development of the switching system and adaptation of the wireless infrastructure and firmware to the system. NEBUSENS will also work on security between wireless devices used for indoor location. The design for a new security tag for containers and special freight, including mechanical requirements to increase security, will be designed.
UoA has an active participation in the development of the Core Supervision Platform. There are at least 50 carriers / shippers interested at mid-project duration for participating to demonstrations and the Core Supervision Platform is a vital part of these demonstrations.

The fourth impact is to release of practical tools to the GNSS developer community, ideally with free open source license, is of particular interest.
The project is currently defining which part of the developments could be in open source, while preserving the integrity of the data.
The GNSS library developed within the NGS is the first software package identified to be open source. This library will allow expanding the use of GALILEO ready receivers by the software developers. Additionally, it will promote the use of the hardware developed in the frame of GALENA.
For the communication side, IGIK is maintaining of the project website promoting the use of GNSS and GALILEO technologies.
An important objective is to develop an innovative and trusted PVT solutions with a hybrid system GALILEO / ZigBee enabling a seamless, robust and continuous handover indoor/outdoor localization of freight and enabling the various carrier operators to take over (and then hand over) the liability of the goods they are responsible for.
The 3 technical partners, HELILEO, IIDRE and NEBUSENS integrated the indoor real time location hardware with a GALILEO Outdoor positioning solution. They also define the needs for the switching between indoor and outdoor. They developed a solution to integrate the switch, integrate security in the communication between the devices. They will design a specific tag to protect containers and special freights using these technologies. A new device named NGS (Navi Geo Scan) is designed. It integrates a hand held bar code scanner, a power bank battery, an android based smartphone and the newly designed indoor/outdoor GALILEO ready location module.

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