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TAMS4CPS Report Summary

Project ID: 644821
Funded under: H2020-EU.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - TAMS4CPS (Trans-Atlantic Modelling and Simulation For Cyber-Physical Systems)

Reporting period: 2015-02-01 to 2016-01-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Smart systems, in which sophisticated software and hardware is embedded in physical systems, are now a ubiquitous part of everyday life. Whether it be the hundreds of embedded control units in a single system, such as an automobile, or the interoperation of many systems (such as power stations) each with hundreds of thousands of embedded control systems, the internet-of-things is a present reality and growing in importance across commerce, government and national infrastructure. As Ebert and Jones (Ebert & Jones, 2009) remarked in 2009: “embedded systems heavily influence design and engineering constraints of their respective surrounding systems – and vice versa”, thus improved design approaches that fully exploit the power of the embedded world are a commercial and societal imperative. Technologists are still a long way from being able to fully realise the pinnacle of “smart everywhere”, nor the confident reduction of the risks that attend such complex endeavours. A key aspect of the realisation and support of cyber-physical systems is improvement in the modelling and simulation that can support activities ranging from design to operation. The TAMS4CPS Project addresses ICT 1-2014: Smart Cyber-Physical Systems, to put in place a strategic agenda and supporting artefacts for European and US collaboration to develop pre-competitive modelling and simulation for cyber-physical systems. In doing so, it explicitly recognises the multiple scales that must be considered, from more effective architecting of chips to the complex simulation of the socio-technical environment in which embedded systems play a role. By linking with key researchers in the United States, it will be possible to forge collaborative links between the best international researchers in modelling and simulation for cyber-physical systems. The substance of such collaborative links must be guided by industry needs and take socio-economic developments into account.

The overall aim of the TAMS4CPS Project is: to lay the foundations for concrete EU-US collaboration in modelling and simulation for cyber-physical systems. Therefore, it has the following five objectives:
I. T define the scope of CPS for US and Europe and, based on this, an agreed scope for collaboration
II. To identify priority research and development needs for modelling and simulation for cyber-physical systems
III. To create a strategic research agenda for collaboration in modelling and simulation for cyber-physical systems, which is endorsed by European and US industry and academia
IV. To provide key enablers for Trans-Atlantic collaboration in modelling and simulation for cyber-physical systems
V. To disseminate the findings of the project to the research and user communities in both the European Union and the US

Through a consultative approach, TAMS4CPS is engaging researchers and users of M&S in workshops and web-based meetings to identify and prioritise M&S research challenges for future trans-Atlantic, collaborative, precompetitive research.
Five themes are being addressed, the first four which were prioritised by Artemis Project:
1. Architectures principles and models for safe secure Cyber-Physical Systems
2. Systems Design, modelling and virtual engineering for Cyber-Physical Systems
3. Autonomous, adaptive and cooperative of Cyber-Physical Systems
4. Computing platforms and energy management for Cyber-Physical Systems
5. Integration of socio/legal/governance models within modelling frameworks

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

There are three main deliverables of TAMS4CPS which support the overall objective of laying the foundations for concrete EU-US collaboration in M&S for CPS are:
• Strategic Research and Collaboration Agenda (SRCA) (D3.2); This will identify research areas of common interest between EU and US, and mechanisms through which collaborative research may be enabled. It should be noted that this agenda will not necessarily cover all areas of priority research, but is focused on those for which collaboration may be mutually beneficial.
• State of the Art Review for M&S for CPS (D2.1); Unusually, this is provided towards the end of this project, but it is intended to support the SCRA by providing a start point for research.
• Test cases for M&S validation (D2.2); An area already identified as problematic is validation of models for complex CPS. Test cases can help to initiate collaborative research through benchmarking and comparative assessments; also for many areas in which definitive solutions are unavailable, they can form the basis for discussion and identifying specific problems to be researched.

The basic process through which the outputs will be generated consists of a workshop in the US, hosted by a partner institution, followed by a webinar to connect with a wider group of researchers, then (about two months later) a workshop in the EU with appropriate European researchers. A standard agenda has been used in all workshops that consists of the following elements:
1. State of the Art – during which participants present their own research and identify the key research themes they believe are important
2. Road mapping – during which a formal road mapping method is used to identify and prioritise research areas
3. Dream Projects – during which participants develop project ideas based on the prioritised areas
4. Test case elicitation – during which participants firstly identify the properties of an ideal test case and then seek to identify real test cases that might meet these requirements.
It should be noted that the dream projects are not formal proposals, but rather a description of what the aims of a collaborative project might be, and the potential types of contributions from EU and US that make this a worthwhile collaborative endeavour.

So far workshops and webinars have been held in US (at George Mason University, Georgia Institute of Technology and Purdue University) and Europe (in Brussels) for the first two themes and the project (Theme 1: Architecture principles and models for autonomous safe and secure CPS; Theme 2: Systems design, modelling and virtual engineering for CPS) is mid-way through theme 3: Real time modelling for autonomous, adaptive and cooperative CPS.

At the beginning of the project, a definitional framework was produced (D1.1), intended to support the workshops’ participants and in longer terms developers, researchers and users of M&S technology in CPS. It provides a glossary of 35 key terms related to the subject and a further 92 related terms of a more specialised nature (for instance, specific to one of the five themes). This has been proven to be very helpful in the context of the workshops. During the workshop activities and subsequest webinars a series of 'dream projects' and test cases have been identified. These are published in Mid-term Report (D5.2).

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)
The impact for this support action can be considered in two ways: first, the potential impact of the collaborative research it identifies within the strategic research agenda for collaboration. Second, the impact achieved through dissemination of, and engagement in, the project outputs.
There were four potential impacts identified in the first category:
a) Reduction of development time for CPS by 30% as compared to the state-of-the-art in 2013 and significant reduction in maintenance costs.
b) Stronger pan-European collaboration across value chains and technology levels from the components of hardware to higher systems level creating open innovation eco-systems and stimulating consensus building on open tools, platforms, and standards.
c) Development in Europe of a competitive offer for next generation core ICT platforms spanning from operating systems and middle ware to application development and deployment tools with built-in security.
d) Uplifting Europe’s innovation capacity and competitiveness across all economic sectors with the wider adoption of networked ICT, notably in SMEs.
The collaborative research opportunities identified and the “dream projects” proposed by participants in workshops have so far been concerned principally with applications and, as such, hold the potential for addressing a) and b). It should be noted that open tools and standards are a strong theme of the proposed collaborative activities. A key theme to emerge from the workshops is the need for test beds upon which CPS, and CPS models can be validated and developed. The benchmarking that such test beds would enable have the potential to enable more targeted development in the future.
Impacts c) and d) have not yet been appreciably addressed by the project and it is noted that the engagement of SMEs in workshops has not been significant.
For the second category of impact, the project has achieved significant dissemination and engagement, as follows:
• Presentations and awareness activities at 16 conferences, symposia, and technical workshops involving about 1,000 participants (though many will be duplicates)
• Five webinars delivered to approximately 100 participants
• Five press releases to several 1,000 readers
• Five project workshops, including a road-mapping workshop at the outset of the project
• Publication of an article on theme 1 and another journal article concerning Human Factors aspects of CPS (including M&S)
• Production of a flyer/brochure for the project
• Launch of the project website (to schedule)
The project has, thus, been widely disseminated within the CPS technical communities in Europe and the US.
Overall, the main impact sought from a support action such as this is the initiation of collaborative projects between EU and US, but these cannot be created by the project itself; rather they are enabled by the deliverables of the project. There are three principal deliverables that mutually support the objective, as outlined in the previous section. The relationship and contributing information and activities are illustrated in the attached figure.

Related information

Record Number: 186622 / Last updated on: 2016-07-14
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