Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Road2CPS Report Summary

Project ID: 644164
Funded under: H2020-EU.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Road2CPS (Strategic action for future CPS through roadmaps, impact multiplication and constituency building)

Reporting period: 2015-02-01 to 2016-01-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

The miniaturisation of sensing, actuating, and computing components together with the increasing number of interacting systems in strongly connected environments, and the growing complexity of such systems have triggered a paradigm shift. CPS concepts address challenges for system implementation such as increasing complexity and flexibility. These challenges and the need to optimise performance and comply with essential requirements like safety and security raise many questions that are already partially addressed by current research in areas such as transport, health, production, smart grids and smart cities. Nevertheless, there is still a huge gap between theoretical concepts, technical developments and successful application, as well as considerable differences with regard to propagation and maturity of CPS between application domains and along the value chain. Strategic action is needed to bring the relevant stakeholders together and to facilitate mutually beneficial collaborations between them. Road2CPS was conceived to respond to this situation by analysing ‘impact’ from past and ongoing projects, identifying gaps and bridging efforts towards impact multiplication as well as developing technology, application and innovation strategy roadmaps for CPS to serve as a catalyst for early adoption of CPS technologies. In addition, Road2CPS seeks to enhance CPS implementation and identify exploitation opportunities via case studies. As a result, the development of recommendations for future research priorities and implementation strategies will be achieved by the end of project. It is furthermore important to bring key players together – this will be reached by building a CPS Constituency of Experts, who will be allocated to special targeted task forces to contribute to the Road2CPS action plan.
The overall objectives of Road2CPS are as following:
1. To assess and multiply the impact of past and ongoing projects in CPSs and related fields, accompanied by raising awareness and disseminating programme achievements to support the timely uptake of novel approaches.
2. To develop technology, application and innovation strategy roadmaps, to tailor the roadmaps to the industrial contexts via case studies and to derive recommendations for future research and innovation strategies.
3. To bound and build a Constituency aware of – and united by – their commonly faced CPS challenges and demands and to develop task forces for specific actions (e.g. CPS and society; CPS and business; CPS towards platforms; CPS connection).

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

Road2CPS has performed all activities and tasks according to the plan for the first half of the project (M1-M12, February 2015 - January 2016) and in line with Annex 1 to the Grant Agreement. With respect to the first of the three overall objectives mentioned above the findings of past and ongoing CPS projects were analysed and reported in relevant project deliverables as well as in three project workshops and integrated into the Road2CPS roadmap building activities. The three workshops were the following: 1) ‘Roadmap Validation Workshop’ held in Paris on 24th of June 2015, 2) ´ARTEMIS Strategic Research Agenda Workshop´ held in Turin on 7th of October 2015, and 3) the first ´Constituency Building Workshop´ held in Turin on 8th of October 2015. In total 54 CPS-related projects were identified, analysed regarding state-of-the-art and additionally first results about gaps and impact of these projects were extrapolated and these gaps contributed to further deliverables due in the reporting period. In particular, the 8 CPS-related projects, CPSoS, CyPhERs, Road2SoS, T-AREA-SoS, Compass, Road4FAME, sCorPiuS, ProcessIT and ARTEMIS-IA were involved in the first roadmapping workshop and contributed much about the results found in their projects. The results of all 54 CPS-related projects and the insights gained were disseminated to industry, academia, and relevant associations – taking into account a variety of domains such as manufacturing, energy, transport, smart city, and health as well as different stages of the value chains. Furthermore, non-technological challenges were also analysed and ranked during project workshops and deliverables – e.g. six main challenges were observed in the framework of the first roadmapping workshop inter alia the necessity of demonstrators and pilots as well as adequate CPS-related education and training.
Regarding the second overall objective, the development of technology, application and innovation strategy roadmaps, the ‘Roadmap Validation Workshop’ was held in Paris on 24th of June 2015 to build the baseline for the roadmapping activities. Coordinators from past and ongoing roadmaps were invited to discuss and reach consensus on research priorities and implementation strategies as well as the most pressing issues to be targeted by the EC in upcoming programmes. The results were compiled in a workshop report as well as integrated into the roadmap building activities. The experts and the consortium members elaborated first interim results regarding recommendations for future research and innovation strategies during the workshop and in the framework of the deliverables. In total, 15 research priorities and CPS-specific technologies were identified and ranked by the experts of the first roadmapping workshop – the highest three prioritised topics were the following: 1) Integration, Interoperability, Standards; 2) Safety, Reliability, Resilience, Fault Tolerance; 3) Modelling and Simulation. Moreover, besides the suggestions that emerged, one exemplary case study was additionally elaborated in order to marry theory and practice.
Concerning the third objective that focuses on bounding and building a Constituency of Experts facing similar challenges and demands regarding CPS, the Road2CPS experts group was created. The 51 group members from academia, industry, and associations from interdisciplinary and technology fields joined the group, mostly at the beginning of the project. Four task forces were established: TF1: CPS business models, regulations and service enablers, TF2: CPS awareness and education, TF3: CPS technology and platforms, TF4: CPS connection - with ICT-1a, b, Artemis/ ECSEL, Industrie 4.0. The members of the four task forces contributed by developing visions regarding further deployment of CPS-related issues as well as evaluating insights gained from the project. Within the two workshops organised by the Road2CPS partners, representatives from different domains and various experts from the four task forces collaborated within the workshops to evaluate project results. Experts with a background in platforms and standardisation across the disciplines and value chains contributed in particular to the Road2CPS project during the first ´Constituency Building Workshop´ held in Turin: these experts represented six platforms (Crystal, Arrowhead, Virtual Fort Knox, FIWARE, FITMAN, Industrial Ring 4.0), and industry representatives presenting platforms from firms such as SAP and Atos. In addition to the Road2CPS experts group, further temporary involved CPS-related professionals were contributing knowledge, ideas, and revising deliverables and reports. Furthermore, an on-going connection to other CPS and ICT1-related projects as well as ARTEMISIA/ECSEL was established. An additional workshop, originally not planned, ARTEMIS-Road2CPS workshop was conducted to contribute further insights to the project. The already strong connection to ARTEMIS and the other ICT1 projects will be deepened through the ‘Road2CPS - Smart CPS Clustering Event’ which will be held in close collaboration with the ARTEMIS-IA spring event (April 13th/14th).

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

In the framework of the deliverables already submitted, as well as a result of the two Road2CPS workshops and the additional ARTEMIS-Road2CPS workshop, various existing studies were used to perform a socio-economic analysis of the state-of-the-art and beyond. What is more, the expected potential impacts and achievements of the analysed CPS-related projects were elaborated and evaluated, too. Additionally to the targeted four domains (ie. smart manufacturing, smart energy, smart mobility, smart city), other sectors such as smart health, IT&C domains, security, environment and agriculture were analysed regarding any expected impact and achievements from the project activities. In addition to the analysis of expected potential impacts, first thoughts on translation of the insights gained within the Road2CPS workshops and deliverables into competitive advantages for the European industrial sectors were elaborated. A direct potential advantage can be seen by the translation of the findings of the constituency building workshop on ‘Future Platforms’ (7th of October 2015 in Turin) by the participants into the platforms they develop or supply. Furthermore, the EC will be able to integrate these results into their future strategy. The constituency building workshop on ‘Future Platforms’ contributed to the exchange of knowledge and harmonisation towards a common understanding within the CPS community.
As a result of the first roadmapping workshop, the CPS Experts involved recommended promoting four theme clusters for funding by the EC – such as fostering building of networks, platforms, and demonstrators – as well as focussing EC funding on specific research topics dependent on specific time horizons; e.g. the largest share in the time period 2016-2017 was allocated to standardisation and interoperability. In addition, for the five topics elaborated comprehensively within the first roadmapping workshop, detailed recommendations were provided in two key areas: how and what should be promoted by the EC in order to achieve successful implementation and exploitation of project outputs; and secondly about achieving maximum impact of the CPS strategy of the European Commission as well as that of policy makers at national or regional levels. Further, work within the Road2CPS project will focus on the translation of research results and innovations in CPS into a real competitive advantage for European industrial sectors in the near future and into pathways for sustainability in the medium and distant future. To achieve this, 10 case studies (one case study was already implemented) will present examples to illustrate what a CPS is, key challenges and technologies in CPS engineering, and suggestions of how to apply them. This will help organisations – particularly SMEs - which are not familiar with CPS to identify common challenges and better deploy the benefits of CPS technologies.

Related information

Record Number: 186623 / Last updated on: 2016-07-14