Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP7

cool Result In Brief

Project ID: 294158
Funded under: FP7-PEOPLE
Country: United Kingdom

New research on electrical and thermal properties of nanomaterials

Present and future technologies based on nanoscale materials and devices hold great potential for improved energy consumption and waste heat management. Ab initio modelling is helping bridge our gap in understanding materials' behaviours on different scales, ultimately offering the ability to control electrical and thermal transport properties at the nanoscale.
New research on electrical and thermal properties of nanomaterials
Within the COOL (First-principles engineering of thermal and electrical transport at the nanoscale) project, scientists used ab initio techniques based on density functional theory to identify the electrical and vibrational properties of nanoscale materials as well as the carriers' relaxation times. They also worked on developing a new method to compute electron-phonon coupling in complex material geometries and in the presence of interfaces or defects.

In particular, research activities were geared towards studying heat transfer in low-dimensional materials such as graphene. The team offered valuable insight into the extraordinary high thermal conductivity in graphene as well as the coupling strength between electrons and lattice degrees of freedom. Research outcomes are important for the creation of future nanoelectronic devices.

Extensive research was also conducted on monitoring structural disorder in another two-dimensional material, molybdenum disulphide. Controlling the structural integrity of such materials is crucial for developing reliable and efficient optoelectronic devices.

In close collaboration with industry, the COOL group developed thermoelectric materials based on sulphide compounds and thoroughly studied their transport properties. Improving the fundamental understanding of a promising class of thermoelectric materials can lead to the development of new commercial compounds that could have a positive economic and environmental impact.

All project results have been published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at one of the most prestigious conferences of the electronic structure community in Spain.

Related information

Keywords

Nanoscale materials, energy consumption, thermal transport, electrical transport
Record Number: 188549 / Last updated on: 2016-09-15
Domain: Industrial Technologies