Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


EUROSKY Report Summary

Project ID: 312649
Funded under: FP7-SECURITY
Country: United Kingdom

Periodic Report Summary 2 - EUROSKY (Single European Secure Air-cargo Space)

Project Context and Objectives:
Global air cargo security regulation has in general been driven by developments in the United States. The European Commission has adopted a layered approach which also takes into account the requirements from the USA. The “Known Shipper Programme” (and validation/vetting of agents and operators) form the basis of the EU layered security concept. Further layers for air cargo inspection, screening and control requirements create a comprehensive security approach. Recent changes in the EU customs approach to air cargo security create additional harmonisation challenges.

Momentum towards international co-operation and harmonisation of approaches is gathering pace. Importantly the joint statement on supply-chain security by EU and USA advocates “facilitation and expedition of the smooth flow of legitimate international trade through the use of multi-layered risk management tools”.

From a business perspective, the industry is looking to co-operate with authorities in securing the airspace with effective measures that maintain the speed of cargo flow needed to support global trade. The common goal is achieving a ‘truly seamless Single European Sky’ across efficiency and security dimensions. A major challenge is dealing efficiently with the evolving EU and US regulatory regime, and more importantly the significant variations in the way regulations are implemented and enforced at national level. International harmonisation of regulations and improved uniformity of their implementation across Europe will also create the foundations for building a single European air-cargo space with each node of the European air cargo system equally strong and cargo flows optimised.

EUROSKY will provide a systemic solution to European air cargo security stakeholders in a global context, fully aligned with international initiatives for secure supply chains and building extensively on complementary on-going projects.

The aim is not only to secure air supply chains (from accepting cargo from the customer to putting it on the plane) but at the same time to facilitate the overall process i.e. to achieve security without stoppages, keeping the cargo movements unimpeded at all times.

The EUROSKY objectives are:
1. Undertake Requirements Analysis from security, legal, policy, market and technology perspectives to produce the detailed project requirements Specification and success criteria.
2. Develop the EUROSKY Blueprint, using the results from the requirements analysis, to provide a target model for air cargo security, taking into account emerging directives
3. Develop Next Generation Detection Systems to provide faster and more accurate detection and scans sharing.
4. Develop Common Air Cargo Security Services to support migration to improved levels of air cargo security across Europe in an easy and cost effective manner.
5. Provide a portable knowledge repository for building Integrated Air-cargo Security Solutions bringing together the partners’ industrial expertise in leading edge airport solutions with the project innovations outlined above. Emphasis will be given to integration solutions offering such as remote monitoring offering security and economic benefits.
6. Provide EUROSKY Demonstrators to be used across National Stakeholder Networks and Supply Chain Networks to evaluate outputs and to provide data for impact assessment. Representative National Stakeholder Networks will be part of the Consortium and will contribute to the definition of demonstrator requirements including KPIs which will be specified at the beginning of the project and will provide a key input to requirements analysis.
7. Provide a focused programme to facilitate the diffusion of project outputs across European member states and to create a solid basis for sustainable development.

Project Results:
The Eurosky Blueprints Specification was finalized in the period. It provides process models for threat and vulnerability analysis, cargo handling, risk alerting, threat detection and alarm resolution, response communications, and operational reporting.
Also in the period the design of the multi-energy X-ray-based detection system was completed, and installation of the multi-energy detectors and the higher-powered X-ray source was begun. The multi-energy detectors for air-cargo inspection were optimized through simulation methods and data analysis.
Two candidate mass-spectrometry systems (the MSA Scentinel Triple-quadrupole Mass Spectrometer and the 1st Detect Mini Mass Spectrometer 1000) were investigated as to which one would be a better choice for MS alarm resolution. At the same time, work continued on how to improve the sensitivity of measurements with the gas analyser.
The radiation detector has been designed and sample materials are now being chosen to demonstrate true and false alarm conditions.
The Real-time Risk Alerting Dashboard and Real-time Cargo Handling & Screening Optimiser are being completed. These two modules provide real-time air cargo supply chain optimisation and security tools to enable more efficient management of transport and handling processes, delivering benefits to all relevant stakeholders. The architecture of the Cloud-based communication infrastructure that will allow the secure exchange and processing of information among the systems of the supply chain stakeholders, in the context of the Eurosky ecosystem has also been defined.

Potential Impact:
The success of EUROSKY will be measured by its impact on the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the air-cargo handling process.

The EUROSKY Blueprints will provide a reference model for air-cargo security best practice. As well as showing collaborative processes, it will also define standards for information exchange suitable for the Air cargo domain. The success criteria for the blueprints is that the collaborative processes, couples with the implementation provided by the ecosystem, provide a material improvement in security and operational efficiency, as demonstrated by the demonstrators.

Ultimately, a project such as EUROSKY can be judged a success only if it leads to a real improvement in security via the uptake of some or all of its recommendations on a permanent basis, however, this is impractical as a success criteria, as the timescale for this is far longer than the end of the project. Thus we must rely on demonstrator experience and feedback to measure their success:
• Blueprints available as downloads to stakeholders.
• Pilot evaluations show improvement.
• Demonstrator participants’ experiences are positive about the Blueprint recommendations.

The Next Generation Screening Solutions are the core project development with well-specified improvements representing the success criteria. These improvements will be measured against existing air-cargo screening technologies and processes. The quality and value of NGSS
primary-inspection images will be compared to current capabilities, and the improved effectiveness of NGSS trace-based inspection versus today's industry standard will also be recorded. The overall success criteria will be the extent to which NGSS supports improved effectiveness and efficiency to the air-cargo inspection process. Metrics associated with this evaluation include threat detection, false alarm rate, and throughput.

The Integrated Air-cargo Security Solutions will provide Dashboard type applications covering the three Focus Areas of the Blueprints and optimization. Success will be measured by the improvements in information management and decision making as reflected in more effective and efficient
cargo-handling operations. Proposed success criteria:
• Operational prototypes early in the project (month 18) to visualize concept
• Feedback from representative end users
• Implementations in pilots

The European Secure Air-cargo Ecosystem is aimed to facilitate connectivity and cooperation for a community of air-cargo security stakeholders. Proposed success criteria:
• Connectivity between the project partners
• Connectivity between pilots
• Availability of IASS through the Ecosystem

List of Websites:


Caroline Aloy, (Research Financial Controller)
Tel.: +44 208 943 5544
Fax: +44 208 977 9304
Record Number: 191446 / Last updated on: 2016-11-17
Follow us on: RSS Facebook Twitter YouTube Managed by the EU Publications Office Top