Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP7

ENTEC Report Summary

Project ID: 316173
Funded under: FP7-REGPOT
Country: Greece

Final Report Summary - ENTEC (Enhancing the capacity for Environmental Technology and Climate Research)

Executive Summary:
From the above description of Work packages and actions it can be concluded that the EnTeC project has achieved the major goals foreseen in a difficult working environment that we found ourselves during the course of project implementation in this country.
The project has provided a strong enhancement to the INRaSTES research infrastructure and provided the means for long term achievements in the major activities undretaken

More specifically the activities reported proved to be extremely fruitful and productive
In terms of:
• Development of skills and effort by permanent staff and recruited experts
The personnel spent over 544 man months in project actions very close to the 552 originally envisaged with 22 experts and support staff recruited during the project. One expert was succesfully absorbed as permamnt staff while despite the problems encountered with the lack of interest by experts to join a Greek institutions duruing the years of crisis one post doc expert was recruited from outside Greece (France) displaying the dynamic enviropnment generated within the project.
• New high end equipment and infrastructure
The maximum amount envisaged for equipment (40%) of the budget was successfully invetsted on high end instrumentation and infrastructure providing the institute with tools and capacity to compete internationally for high calibre research and development of services.

Equipment is operating at
➢ two Long term stations in Intarnational level
➢ 3 Analytical labs and computer facilities
➢ And One integrated CCRM central infrastructure facility
• High Impact and Dissemination at local and International level
All necessary and available means of demonstrating the enhancement of research capacity and research potential was equally undertaken and research results was demonstrated by means of
1) 61 publications in peer reviewed journals in citation index
2) 56 Presentations in Conferences mainly abroad
3) 2 accredited labs providing services
4) Organizations of three workshops and meetings
5) Participation in training exercises
• Intense collaboration with partnering Organizations
22 Secondements of INRaSTES staff at the Partner Organizations to gain experience and transfer of expertise
6 Secondements of Partner Organizations S staff at INRaSTE the transfer knowhow and establish and maintain long term collaboration

The achievements were assessed at a final meeting in June 2016 of the Steering committee. It was concluded by the Co-Ordinator and the steering Committee that The Project Progress has fulfilled the Implementation Plan and all actions within the Described Work Packages after the project was extended for six further months

Project Context and Objectives:
The specific objectives of EnTeC for INRaSTES remain the same as described in the Action Plan of Integrated Environmental technologies for Atmospheric pollution and Climate Research (AP-IECR), of Annex I and become realized to a great extent with the progression of the project. In more detail it becomes more evident than before that the project:
1. Enhances the research potential of INRaSTES, through targeted activities in specific research areas related to integrated atmospheric pollution and climate research.
2. Strengthens and diversifies the Research Portfolio on climate related research to ensure that INRaSTES becomes one of the pre-eminent institutions in the SouthEast Europe. Consolidates the ability of INRaSTES to be self-standing in terms of funding and not just relying in EC and National funding.
3. Consolidates the capacity of INRaSTES to retain the services of high level scientists and maintain acquired equipment fully operational once the EnTeC project is terminated. The core elements of this strategy are analysed in WP5.
4. Provides seed funding and institutional infrastructure for collaborations that can best compete for funding to support climate related research from a variety of public and private entities at the European, national, and regional level.
5. Improves research management capacity of INRaSTES. The role of the Project Steering Committee which has already overviewed INRaSTES potential and has advised on its R&D agenda and priorities or contribution to emerging research priorities on a National and ERA level.
6. Outreaching actions proposed within EnTeC are becoming a bridge in strengthening bonds of INRaSTES with National Authorities (e.g. Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change) and potential End Users (e.g. countries beyond EU, East Europe, China). Within the Action Plan direct and effective pathways are defined to promote innovative R&D activities, research outcome and specialized services to the mutual benefit of INRaSTES and policy makers (WP4-6).
7. Alignment of the INRaSTES Action Plan on Environmental technologies for Atmospheric pollution and Integrated Climate Research in response to research activities and thematic priorities described in (a) Regional Operational plan of Attica, (b) GSRT Strategic Plan “Innovation, Research and Technology 2007-2013”, (c) ERA, (d) the European Climate Change Programme and (e) International Activities (WP4- 6).
8. Upgrade of the scientific expertise of INRaSTES members. Such actions will be achieved with the recruitment of leading experts (WP1), the training of the personnel of INRaSTES (WP3), and two-way secondments with leading EU institutions (WP3), in support of R&D activities and expansion of knowledge and research horizons.
9. Embed the R&D activities of INRaSTES in international networks of added value (e.g. EMEP-ACTRIS-ICOS). This would sustain active networking of INRaSTES with high quality research entities on a regional, national and European level (WP4)
10. Upgrade existing equipment and experimental infrastructure to support high innovative R&D activities and the provision of high quality services (WP2). This also includes the upgrading of computational facilities, to enhance the modelling capabilities of INRaSTES.
11. Promotion and dissemination of knowledge and innovative R&D activities that are produced by the members of INRaSTES (WP4).
12. Set up an appropriate Innovation Plan towards the financial self-sustainability of the INRaSTES R&D activities and infrastructure included in EnTec (WP5).

Project Results:
WORK PACKAGE 1: RECRUITMENT IN SUPPORT OF INRASTES R&D ACTIVITIES
Structure of project priorities for recruits, main mission and action involvement for new experts.
Task Priority Main mission Action line(s)
1.1 Field sites and laboratory infrastructure establishment and operation - Installation of new background field station, adaptation / optimization of the existing NCSRD station
- Laboratory equipment calibration/testing
- R&D on methodologies for assessment of climate relevant aerosol properties to assist long term studies at the field stations 1,2
1.2 Size-resolved aerosol measurements - Size-resolved aerosol measurements (incl. maintenance / calibration of the measurement systems, for uninterrupted field monitoring of aerosol species.
- Development of novel measurement techniques for characterisation (e.g. physicochemical properties) of aerosol species.
- Special sample environments, e.g. humidity controlled measurements and Cloud Condensation Nuclei studies 1,2
1.3 Data acquisition, transfer and processing - Collection and treatment of the infrastructure data, required for the construction and maintenance of the CCRM, in line with the NILU global database.
- Direct processing of raw data and integration to Near Real Time (NRT) facilities of the Global Database (EBAS) 1,5
1.4 Analytical Chemistry, Chemical analysis of gaseous pollutants and aerosols - Air pollutants sampling techniques, chemical analysis of climatic gases (CO2, N2O, CH4, ozone) and other typical air pollutants (SO2, hydrocarbons, etc.)
- Chemical analysis and characterization of fine and ultra-fine particles, as well as the development and application of new techniques and methods for estimating the origin, the attitude and the effect of air pollutants
- Analytical and sampling techniques (GC-MS, GC-ECD, GC-FID, HPLC, AAS, ICP-AES, ICP-MS, XRF etc. as well as other and OC/EC analysis) 2
1.5 Sorbents for gaseous pollutants - Materials engineering for the development of suitable sorbents capable to retain a wide range of air pollutants (gaseous, organic etc,) operating at different conditions and environments 2
1.6 GCM Downscaling for regional air pollution simulations - compilation of high resolution emission inventories - Development / application of Global Climate Models and Chemical Transport Models focusing on Western Mediterranean.
- Development of a predictive tool of the planetary response to anthropogenic and natural environmental perturbations → effects to atmospheric composition / climate and vice-versa.
- Understanding human-induced activities related to climate change and detailed analysis of the uncertainties and unresolved issues surrounding tropospheric aerosols → high quality and low uncertainty emission inventory for various spatial and temporal resolutions 3,5
1.7 Source apportionment and statistical modelling - Development and application of source apportionment techniques, to estimate the number and properties of the major pollutants sources 3
1.8 Fluid transport processes - Study of the diffusion of different pollutants (gaseous, chemical etc.) in the atmosphere and/or soil, groundwater.
- Determination of the dispersion and prediction of the fate of different gaseous and chemical pollutants in a series of environments 2,3
1.9 Climate change and critical infrastructures protection - Risk analysis of heterogeneous and interconnected critical infrastructures.
- Evolution of existing risk analysis tools with emphasis on climate change scenarios and critical infrastructure protection, and possess related background 4
1.10 Multi-risk methodologies for disaster reduction of climatic change - Enhancement of multi-hazard risk methodologies currently under intense research effort in INRASTES.
- Quantitative risk analysis, where as experience on climate change impacts is highly desirable 4
1.11 CCRM development and operation - Management of the EnTeC data, and development of CCRM (cyber-infrastructure for climatic research management).
- Development of an integrated and comprehensive database, in line with the NILU global database for standard and emerging climate species parameters.
- Gas and aerosol data processing and database management → submission of data to European and Global databases.
- Daily calculation and mapping of the Canadian Fire weather Index, based on seasonal WRF-ARW model, for Greece, for the fire seasons 2014, 2015.
- Organization and processing of available spatial data sets for the calculation and validation of meteorological indices as well as for the study of emissions at a national and European level.
- Design and implementation of a spatial data base of hourly wind-field values of WRF model, for the needs of G-FMIS fire-simulation web-service
- Implementation of dedicated GIS software tools and routines , for the automatic transformation and processing and mapping of spatial data, according to the modelling requirements.
- Development of a methodology for the classification of the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) for fire danger mapping based on the meteorological data of WRF model. Calculation and study of FWI in Greece in relation to fire history data for 5 years (2009-2013). 5
Exploitation of research results
Presentation of the results related to Fire Weather mapping in international Conferences, participation in one networking meeting and coordination of one round table representing NCSR "DEMOKRITOS", in the frame of FLIRE research project(LIFE11ENV/GR/975)
ALL
Project Management ALL

The EnTEC team
Task Priority Researcher(s)
1.1 Field sites and laboratory infrastructure establishment and operation - Stergios Vratolis
- Evangelia Diapouli
- Athina – Ceriz Kalogridi
1.2 Size-resolved aerosol measurements - Maria Gini
1.3 Data acquisition, transfer and processing - Prodromos Fetfatzis
1.4 Analytical Chemistry, Chemical analysis of gaseous pollutants and aerosols - Kyriaki Bairachtari
- Styliani Pateraki
1.5 Sorbents for gaseous pollutants - Ioannis Bratsos
1.6 GCM Downscaling for regional air pollution simulations - compilation of high resolution emission inventories - George Emmanouil
- Stylianos Karozis
1.7 Source apportionment and statistical modelling - Dikaia Saraga
- Manousos-Ioannis Manousakas
1.8 Fluid transport processes - Andreas Yiotis
1.9 Climate change and critical infrastructures protection - Nikolaos Moustakidis
- Anastasia Eleftheriadou

1.10 Multi-risk methodologies for disaster reduction of climatic change - Aggeliki Demertzi
- Constantina Politi
1.11 CCRM development and operation - Vassiliki Varela
- Anastasia Toufeggopoulou
Project management - Eleni Bairaktari
- Vasileios Galifianakis
Work Package 2: Upgrading of INRaSTES experimental and computational equipment and infrastructure
Equipment to be purchased according to EnTEC DoW

Equipment
T 2.1.2 Basic Weather Data Ultrasonic anemometer √
T 2.1.2 Meteorological sensors √
T 2.1.2 222Rn measurement system √
T 2.1.2 Dat a Acquisition Data logger, 1x √
T 2.1 Multiplexer, 2x √
T 2.1.2 PC etc, 1x √
T 2.1.2 Greenhouse gases monitor Picarro G2401 (CO2, CO, CH4, H2O),) √
T 2.1.1 Pumps, gas collection systems √
T 2.1.2 Nephelometer √
T 2.1 Absorption coefficient counter,
CAPS PMssa,
Aethalometer AE33 √, one prototype on test
T 2.1.2 Aerosols monitor CPC, 2x for Tandem Mobility system √
T 2.1 DMA, 1x unit, for Hygroscopicity Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (HTDMA) √
T 2.1 Optical counter OPS(TSI), GRIMM √
T 2.1 Nafion & sensors √
T 2.1.2 Background station infrastructure √
T 2.1 Mast √

T 2.1.2 Site preparation Intelligent gas analyzer √
T 2.1.1 High energy, polarizing geometry, Energy dispersive XRF spectrometer

T 2.2.1,2,3 Gas & aerosols chemical analysis GC, flasks, parts, “GasLab”
EC/OC Thermo-optical analyzer √
ACSM - TOF √
Be-7 Pb210 30% efficiency Germanium detectors √
Valves, flasks, tubing √
Modification 3 labs and/or stations √
T 2.2 Sampling, extraction setup cluster √
WP 2 Lab preparation √
T 2.3 Computing CCRM and etc √
Work Package 3: Exchange of Know-how and experience
Task 3.1 Planned Secondments
with Partner Organizations

Status: NILU (Norway) Secondments
NAME of SECONDED PERSONNEL Organisation Period NAME of Hosting Personnel Hosting Organisation Aim
Dr. E. Diapouli
Dr. K. Eleftheriadis INRASTES 27/04-01/05/14
16/4/14- 4/5/14 Dr. K.-E. Yttri NILU Determination of carbonaceous particles by thermo-optical analysis and the possibility to develop standard methodologies.
Dr. D. Saraga
Dr. K. Eleftheriadis INRASTES 27/04-01/05/14
16/4/14- 4/5/14 Dr. O. Hermansen NILU To assist in the development of the background station in Helmos Mountain, since he has significant expertise in analytical techniques for greenhouse gas monitoring
Dr. K. Eleftheriadis INRASTES 26/11-5/12/14 Dr. Andreas Stohl
Dr. Sabina Eckhardt
Dr. Kjetil Torseth
Dr. Markus Fiebig
Dr. Karl – Espen Yttri NILU Usage and application of Air mass trajectory models for integration in the CCRM system and combination with measurement data.
Dr. Stergios Vratolis INRASTES 27/11-6/12/2014 Dr. Sabina Eckhardt
Dr. Ignacio Pisso NILU Hands-on training on applying and using modeling software (Dispersion model FLEXPART)
Dr. Prodromos Fetfatzis INRASTES 30/11-5/12/2014 Dr. Sabina Eckhardt
Dr. Ignacio Pisso NILU Hands-on training on applying and using modeling software (Dispersion model FLEXPART)
Dr. Thomas Maggos INRASTES 2-6/12/2014 Dr. Ove Hermansen NILU To enhance knowledgebase of INRASTES in the development and application of greenhouse gas analytical techniques for climate change monitoring
Dr. Ignacio Pisso NILU 3-7/5/2014 Dr. Stergios Vratolis
Dr. K. Eleftheriadis, INRASTES To assist in installation and hands-on training on applying and using modeling software (Dispersion model FLEXPART)
Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 9-22/6/2015 Dr. Andreas Stohl
Dr. Sabina Eckhardt
Dr. Kjetil Torseth
Dr. Markus Fiebig
Dr. Karl – Espen Yttri NILU SECCODMENT TO NILU FOR INSTALLATION AND COMPARISEMENT
Stergios Vratolis INRASTES 30/9-3/10/2015 Dr. Sabina Eckhardt
Dr. Ignacio Pisso NILU Hands-on training on applying and using modeling software (Dispersion model FLEXPART)

Dr Ove Hermansen
NILU
19/6-27/6/2016
Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES Installation and Calibration one of the equipment (PICARO), EXPERINMENTAL SETUP

Status: IfT (Germany) Secondments

NAME of SECONDED PERSONNEL Organisation Period NAME of Hosting Personnel Hosting Organisation Aim
Dr. Stergios Vratolis INRASTES 16/06-22/06/13 Prof. Dr. Alfred Wiedensohler Leipzig, IFT Upgrading of SMPS instrument and training on the instrument operation
Maria Gini INRASTES 04/03-11/03/13 Dr. Thomas Mueller Leipzig, IFT Intercomparison and development of novel methods for aerosol absorption and scattering measurements in the framework of ACTRIS WORKSHOP.
Prof. Dr. Alfred Wiedensohler IFT 15/07-17/07/13 Dr. K. Eleftheriadis INRASTES Inspection and proposal for upgrades regarding measurements of aerosol microphysical properties. Proposals implemented with the prospect of including GAW DEM station in the ACTRIS network.
Dr. Prodromos Fetfatzis INRASTES 28/9-4/10/2014 Prof. Dr. Alfred Wiedensohler IFT Instrument intercomparison:
Optical Partical Sizer Spectrometers OPSS
Kay Weinhold Tropos Institute 1-4/12/2015 Dr K. Eleftheriadis INRASTES Installation of the equipment
Dr Maria Gini INRASTES 29/5-4/6/2016 Prof. Dr. Alfred Wiedensohler IFT Instrument Calibration:
Optical Partical Sizer Spectrometers OPSS
Dr. Prodromos Fetfatzis INRASTES 5-11/6/2016 Prof. Dr. Alfred Wiedensohler IFT Instrument intercomparison:
Nefelometer & Caps Equipment

Status: IDAEA (Spain) Secondments
NAME of SECONDED PERSONNEL Organisation Period NAME of Hosting Personnel Hosting Organisation Aim
Dr. Aggeliki Karanasiou IDAEA 05/10-13/10/13 Dr. K. Eleftheriadis INRASTES Exchange of Best Practices for aerosol characterization measurements
Dr. K. Elefteriades INRASTES 26/4-3/5/2015 Dr. Teresa Moreno IDAEA, Spain SOURCE APPORTIONMENT AND DUST TECHNIQUES
Dr. K. Elefteriades INRASTES 6-8/9/2014 Dr. Teresa Moreno IDAEA, Spain Exchange of novel methodology for aerosol characterization measurements and settling arrangements for loan of IDAEA instrumentation to INRASTES for common measurements
Dr. Vania Isabel Ferreira Martins IDAEA, Spain 10/5-2/6/2016 Dr. Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES
Exchange of novel methodology for aerosol characterization measurements and settling arrangements for loan of IDAEA instrumentation to INRASTES for common measurements

Status: Instituto Dom Luiz, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Portugal

NAME of SECONDED PERSONNEL Organisation Period NAME of Hosting Personnel Hosting Organisation Aim
Politi Konstantina INRASTES 19/04/-05/05/15 Dr. Pedro M. M. Soares and Dr. Rita Margarida Antunes de Paula Cardoso Instituto Dom Luiz, in the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon Set up WRF model for climate simulations, explanations of main structure of WRF model, short runs with EC-EARTH data
Dr Ath. Sfetsos INRASTES 19/04/-24/04/15 Dr. Pedro M. M. Soares and Dr. Rita Margarida Antunes de Paula Cardoso Instituto Dom Luiz, in the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon Set up WRF model for climate simulations, explanations of main structure of WRF model, short runs with EC-EARTH data
Anastasia Eleftheriadou INRASTES 19/04/-24/04/15 Dr. Pedro M. M. Soares and Dr. Rita Margarida Antunes de Paula Cardoso Instituto Dom Luiz, in the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon Set up WRF model for climate simulations, explanations of main structure of WRF model, short runs with EC-EARTH data

Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadus INRASTES 2-11/5/2016 Dr Pedro Soares Instituto Dom Luiz, in the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon Workshop on Dust transport in Mediterranean

Dr Pedro Soares Instituto Dom Luiz, in the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon 22-30/6/2016 Dr D. Vlachogiannis INRASTES Set up WRF model for climate simulations, explanations of main structure of WRF model, short runs with EC-EARTH data

Task 3.2 Short Secondement Activities - Technical Visits
(according to Technical Annex)
NAME of TRAINED PERSONNEL Organisation Period Short Secondment activity Location Description
Dr. Thomas Maggos NOAA 16/09-22/09/13 Gas Chromatography analysis for greenhouse gases Boulder Colorado
NOAA Collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (ΝΟΑΑ) - Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) - Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases Group (CCGG)
Dr. Ioannis Bratsos University of Rome &
Italian Synchrotron Radiation Society 14/09-29/09/13 ΧII School on Synchrotron Radiation (16-27 /9/2014) Grado, Italy Characteristics and potentiality of synchrotron radiation
Dr. Olga Popovicheva Un. of Moschow 20/08/-24/08/13 Expert INRASTES
(Athens) Transfer of knowledge for production of black carbon reference material for absorption measurements
Ms. Aggeliki Demertzi University of Athens 11/11-15/11/13 Seminar “Internat. Short Secondment Seminar on Climate Change Policies” Athens Trained and updated on international policy trends, data collection, scenarios development, policy mixture selection with the use of LEAP and their assessment with the use of AMS (for climate change policy mixtures).
Dr. Prodromos Fetfatzis HYYTIALA 02/05-10/05/14 Participation to the 10th Summer School on Atmospheric Aerosol Physics Finland ACTRIS –Short Secondment school for aerosol properties including absorption coefficient
Dr. Andrew Freedman INRASTES 16/7-3/8/2014 Absorption coefficient prototype counter Athens Installation of prototype instrument for aerosol optical properties (extinction absorption and scattering), in situ calibration and testing data analysis for local Mediterranean and urban aerosols
Dr. Vasiliki Kandarelou INRASTES 25-29/8/2014 XRF Spectrometer Amsterdam Short Secondment in Ε5 XRF Spectrometer and data analysis
Dr. Manos Manousakas INRASTES 25-29/8/2014 XRF Spectrometer Amsterdam Short Secondment in Ε5 XRF Spectrometer and data analysis
Aggeliki Demertzi INRASTES 11-16/5/2015 ΕCCA 2015 Copenhagen Workshop ECCA 2015 for the WP4 of ENTEC
Georgios Emmanuil INRASTES 6-11/7/2015 Downscaling of GCM Paris In the framework of WP4 “ Exploitation and Dissemination Activities” of the ENTEC project, Dr. G EMMANOUIL will disseminate his results carried under Task 1.6, Thematic areas 3 & 5: “Downscaling of GCM for regional air pollution simulations and compilation of high resolution emission inventories” to the CFCC CONFERENCE 2015
Anastasia Eleftheriadou INRASTES 11-16/5/2015 ΕCCA 2015 Copenhagen Workshop ECCA 2015 for the WP4 of ENTEC
Politi Konstantina INRASTES 19-23/10/2015 International Training course on Seasonal Forecasts and Water Management in the Mediterranean Basin: Integrated Approach WMO Regional Training Center IBIMET-CNR, Firenze, Italy Build capacities for the application of climate seasonal forecasts for water management in the Mediterranean countries
Dikaia Saraga INRASTES 23-26/6/2015 Technical Meeting Aveiro Portugal Fairmode technical meeting University of Aveiro secondments in partering organization
Evangelia Diapouli INRASTES 23-26/6/2015 Technical Meeting Aveiro, Portugal Fairmode technical meeting University of Aveiro secondments in partering organization
Evangelia Diapouli INRASTES 7-12/9/2015 Workshop EAC 2015 Milan,Italy Workshop EAC 2015
Stergios Vratolis INRASTES 7-12/9/2015 Workshop EAC 2015 Milan,Italy Workshop EAC 2015
Kvnstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 7-12/9/2015 Workshop EAC 2015 Milan,Italy Workshop EAC 2015
Maria Gini INRASTES 7-9/9/2015 Workshop EAC 2015 Milan,Italy Workshop EAC 2015
Prodromos Fetfatzis INRASTES 7-12/9/2015 Workshop EAC 2015 Milan,Italy Workshop EAC 2015
Dr. Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 11-17/3/2016 Workshop Moscow Workshop in collaboration with Tomsk University
Dr. Athina –Cerize Kalogridis INRASTES 21-26/3/2016 Training Course Paris Technical meeting with the Laboratory “LSCE” for training for the use one Fasmatometer
Dr Athina-Cerize Kalogridis INRASTES 5-9/4/2016 Workshop London Workshop “Chemistry in the Urban Atmosphere”
Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 20-22/4/2016 EGU Vienna Workshop EGU (European Geoscinces Union)
Dr Georgios Emmanuil INRASTES 19-23/4/2016 EGU Vienna Workshop EGU (European Geosciences Union)
Dr George Emmanouil INRASTES 16-21/5/2016 CORDEX Stockholm Participation in conferences: To participate in the CORDEX initiative (an important initiative to advance and coordinate the science and application of regional climate downscaling through global partnerships). Downscaling activites is an important part of Action 3 of ENTEC.
Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 2-7/5/2016 Workshop Lisbon 8th International Workshop on Sand/Dustrooms ans associated Dustfall
Dr Maria Gini INRASTES 6-11/6/2016 Technical Meeting Boston Training and Seminar for an equipment
Dr Athina –Cerize Kalogridis INRASTES 6-11/6/2016 Technical Meeting Boston,USA Training and Seminar for an equipment
Dr Stergios Vratolis INRASTES 27/6-1/7/2016 Technical Meeting Zagreb Fairmode technical meeting: Zagreb 27-29/06/2016 και στο "JRC-Danube Strategy Meeting"
Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 1-3/3/2016 Workshop Frascati, Italy ACTRIS II-General Assemply Conference
Dr Maria Gini INRASTES 16/5/2016 Workshop HAAR Pylos Workshop HAAR
Dr Stergios Vratolis INRASTES 15-16/5/2016 Workshop HAAR Pylos Workshop HAAR, presentation FLEXPART
Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 15-16/5/2016 Workshop HAAR Pylos Workshop HAAR and presentation
Dr Athina –Cerize Kalogridis INRASTES 16/5/2016 Workshop HAAR Pylos Workshop HAAR
Dr Evangelia Diapouli INRASTES 16/5/2016 Workshop HAAR Pylos Workshop HAAR
Dr Konstantinos Eleftheriadis INRASTES 30/3-1/4/2016 Conference Madrid Conference to IUR task group “Radionuclides in arid regions”
Dr Athanasios Sfetsos INRASTES 23-26/3/2016 Workshop Brussels Participation in networking workshop IMGS

Potential Impact:
Serving specific needs of the Greek society, the INRASTES laboratories that were engaged in ENTEC activities, contribute essentially to the protection of environment and the public health. The Institute is the only centre in Greece with integrated knowledge on energy and environment technologies and safety. As a consequence, schools and other educational establishments have been and will continue visiting the INRASTES premises to take a glimpse of modern technology. The various specialized laboratories have established INRASTES as an energy, environment and safety research reference point in the collective Greek societal mind. As a result of its services to the community, the Institute is having (and is expected to continue doing so) a sizable, positive impact onto the local, regional and national culture. In particular, the Institute is uniquely associated in the public mind with issues concerning safety with respect to major accidents both nuclear and non-nuclear. In this sense the public and the media look up at INRASTES as one of the most reliable and authoritative sources of information in the wake of such major events and as an important provider of scientific advice in the country. More specifically, the ENTEC actions and results have substantially contributed to the following:
- The Demokritos supersite (DEM) infrastructure for Aerosol Properties Research and technology applications in Atmospheric Pollution and Climate change is a regional site recognized and adopted by the Global Atmosphere Watch program (GAW) of the WMO. Data have been published in the EBAS Global Database (http://ebas.nilu.no/Default.aspx) serving the needs of GAW. As a result INRASTES was included in ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network), a European Project integrating European ground-based stations like the DEM station and supporting the build-up of new knowledge as well as policy issues in climate change, air quality, and long-range transport of pollutants.
- The Air Quality measurement and analysis facility is accredited under EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005 and is currently available to interested national and European parties. Advanced services to private and public industries and organizations are offered on a routine basis. The relevant capabilities include a large number of indoor and outdoor pollutant on-site measurements and analyses all over the country (including the assessment of air quality in schools, public offices, areas close to industrial installations, etc).
- The H2 storage facility (gas sorption in nanoporous solid materials) has been developed and validated as part of a large European Integrated Project and is currently available to the research community as part of the European Transnational Access scheme H2FC.
- The specialized H2 safety simulation tool has been validated through international intercomparison exercises and is currently used for the safety assessment of relevant installations, vehicles etc around the world.
- Integrated risk assessment and management of large industrial installations, as well as, occupational risk management capabilities are at the disposal of the Greek Industry and the corresponding regulatory agencies. INRASTES has been established as an advisor to the Greek ministerial authorities on issues concerning the safety of industries with the potential to cause major accidents. In the framework of the SEVESO II directive, the Institute reviews and assesses the safety reports of all the Greek installations subject to this directive.

• INRASTES research plans have and still focus on building stronger bridges between the assessment of the immediate risks of climate variability and the effects of long-term climate change, in the context of other relevant trends, such as socioeconomic development and urbanization. This includes improved estimation of the contribution of both meteorological hazards and climate change, with greater attention to previously neglected mechanisms, such as the diverse effects of population displacement or the degradation of water supplies and other ecosystem services. The used methodology and the results that came of this R&D priority, directed at helping societies to adapt to the effects of current and future climate change and variability, through quantifying and reducing physical and social vulnerability to extreme events.
Contribution to regional capacity building & Community added value at regional level
• EnTeC objectives included the pursuit of INRASTES R&D “excellence” in the fields of environmental technologies and climatic research, containing instruments and infrastructures for fundamental research which will require joint action across the EU and enable Greece and Attica in particular to stay at the forefront in research over the next decades through Regional Operating Plan of Attica for 2007-2013. EnTeC also contributed to the development of demand and supply for climatic related R&D services in the region of Attica with obvious benefits to the sector and particularly to SMEs offering or needing such services.
The R&D activities carried out by INRaSTES were implemented to some degree into regional scale RTD, knowledge and innovation networks that are related to the successful development, deployment and application of high quality infrastructures aiming at establishing connections and fostering a new level of collaboration among the academic community, members of the industry, decision makers and authorities. This would significantly enhance the economic sustainability in Attica promoting the concept of knowledge-based economy.
In broad terms, EnTeC supported the following climate change-related priorities that have been identified as areas where existing and foreseen research by INRaSTES is likely to have a major regional impact:
• Understanding, monitoring and predicting climate change and its impacts (directly aligned to Actions 1-3 of the AP-IECR of INRASTES)
• Providing tools to analyse the effectiveness, costs and benefits of different policy options for mitigating climate change and adapting to its impacts (partly covered by Action 4 of the AP-IECR)
• Improving, demonstrating and deploying existing climate-friendly technologies and developing the technologies of the future (in connection to the results of previous EC projects like e.g. NESSHY, STORHY, HYSAFE).

Other Societal Impacts

Further impacts of the overall ENTEC activities to the society and regional economy are briefed below on a per type of activity basis:
1. Concerning the Environment, the holistic approach of INRASTES for monitoring and analysis / control / impact assessment encompasses measurements of particulate matter, chemical and biological pollutants, radioactive agents and estimation of their impact on human health via the development of biomarkers, sensors, molecular and cytogenetic methods and analyses. In parallel, integrated methodologies and computational tools are developed and used for the quantitative assessment of occupational risks as well as for the assessment and management of risks associated to engineering systems, extreme natural phenomena and new emerging technologies. In addition, the Institute provides specialized RTD services for stakeholders in the field of radiological protection and atmospheric pollution. In that respect, the NCSR Demokritos supersite for Aerosol Properties Research is included in the network of the WMO Global Atmosphere Watch Programme. As already mentioned above, the relevant data are regularly published in the EBAS Global Database (http://ebas.nilu.no/Default.aspx).
Furthermore, analytical protocols and risk assessment methods are developed for existing and new POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants), to monitor levels in food, environment and population (blood and breast milk), to evaluate human exposure and examine public health issues related to POPs.
In this area too, INRASTES is actively engaged in promoting academic training and participates in various educational programs coordinated by university departments, contributing essential expertise and knowhow to the training of both undergraduate and graduate students.
2. INRASTES is a major partner of the National Emergency Response Plan’s Nuclear Technology Team, in charge of producing prognoses of radionuclides atmospheric dispersion in cases of nuclear or radiological emergencies. In addition, important services to international trade are offered through the radiological control of various imported / exported goods and products in collaboration with the respective authorities. INRASTES operates a part of the Greek Environmental Radioactivity Control Network, in the framework of the GAEC’s (the regulatory authority responsible for the radiation protection in Greece) national program of environmental monitoring, under routine and emergency conditions, which is a contractual obligation of Greece in the frame of the REM EU programme (Article 35 & 36 of the EURATOM Treaty).

In addition to the above, the following impacts of wider societal interest are of note:

Job creation

In terms of job creation, the short- to medium-term objective of ENTEC is to limit employment contraction to those areas of the economy where excessive carbon intensity is considered unsustainable, whilst promoting and expanding the green economy sectors. Growth in new sectors alone will be no guarantee of net job creation and government will have to exploit the project results (among others) in the direction of promoting conditions that will increase the mobility of labour and capital out of carbon intensive sectors to greener productive sectors.

Civil society

The role of citizens and organised groupings within civil society are important to the success of a national effort. As such the training activities and the events that INRASTES will organize (as a result of ENTEC activities) aim to bring awareness to the public regarding the climate change and air pollution. Civil society needs to critically evaluate, comment on and respond to the initiatives of government and the private sector. Civil society organisations that work directly with communities and particularly with the urban and rural poor and with women are an important conduit for ensuring that climate information is timeously communicated and to inform government and research institutions of vulnerable groupings’ climate change-related issues.

Consumers’ behavior

Protecting the planet from climate change also means that consumer behaviour will have to change. Apart from public policy and the contribution of technology, the cost of harnessing climate change can undoubtedly be reduced if consumers and producers alike modify their behavior so as to adapt to climate change and reduce emissions. Any strategy development geared towards adaptation and mitigation, in order to be effective, will imperatively have to involve collaboration between the public and the private sector, and will have to be periodically revised. ENTEC results can be effective in such issues and INRASTES aims to adopt this role by contributing significantly in altering consumer’s behavior through training activities and events.

List of Websites:
http://www2.ipta.demokritos.gr/entec/index.html

Related information

Reported by

NATIONAL CENTER FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH "DEMOKRITOS"
Greece
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