Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP7

SECINCORE Report Summary

Project ID: 607832
Funded under: FP7-SECURITY
Country: Germany

Periodic Report Summary 2 - SECINCORE (Secure Dynamic Cloud for Information, Communication and Resource Interoperability based on Pan-European Disaster Inventory)

Project Context and Objectives:
SecInCoRe will design a Secure Dynamic Cloud based concept for Information, Communication and Resource Interoperability in multi-agency crisis management, including information exchange and access to a ‘common information space’. This will be based on a pan-European disaster inventory collating information about stakeholders, information systems, resources and data sets used in regional, national as well as cross European emergencies and disasters. SecInCoRe develops models for sustainable access to the inventory for different users, from open access to commercial service provision. The technical concept/system will be operated by first responders and police authorities, from European Member States, for collaborative management of emergencies and disasters.

Many occurrences have revealed that – in addition to day-to-day operations – extreme events such as floods (1997, Poland), storms (Kyrill 2007, Europe), forest fires (2010, Portugal), earthquakes (1999, Turkey), avalanches (1999, Austria) and hazardous landslides (2010, Italy) as well as man-made disasters such as suicidal bombing (2005, London) and train bombings (2004, Madrid) have an impact on a local, regional, national and even international level. The number of joint operations is increasing where information is sent by first responders from different organisations or even nationalities related to different contexts using diverse technologies to coordinate and accomplish the operation. While they collect a large amount of information at each incident scene, in case of a disaster as well as in preparative processes the access to real-time and historical information is essential for decision making but often missing. Additionally, other stakeholders like politics, industry and research rely on information being subject to limited financial, material, human and temporal resources; the involvement of a variety of stakeholders, mental models, goals and concepts before, in and during an emergency are challenging for an on-going information exchange.
Nowadays, the information exchange relies heavily on spoken language or written text. While human-to-human communication is essential for emergency management, support by information technology is not sufficiently utilised due to risks in changing established organisational structures and due to incompatible systems. Content from preparative and post-operational processes is only accessible via intra-organisational channels and systems. When disaster relief forces from different countries co-operate cross-border or internationally, the information management situation is getting even more complicated: On the one hand, heterogeneous languages, organisational structures and responsibilities hinder the information sharing; on the other hand, even if these challenges are met, technical incompatibilities obstruct information sharing between first responders and police authorities from a national and international point of view. Neither a concept for a common knowledge base nor standards for information exchange between all first responders and police authorities have been established so far. Concerning information access and exchange there is no ‘common information space’ providing context based access to structured and unstructured data used for the purpose of security.
SecInCoRe changes this situation. The project identifies processes, information systems and data sets used by first responders and police authorities leading to requirements for a ‘common information space’. While taking account established approaches and carefully addressing existent barriers, a system will be designed complementing the potential of information exchange standards on the one hand and communication network and cloud based technology on the other hand. SecInCoRe will evaluate its results involving all types of stakeholders in complementary operational contexts.

In detail the high-level objectives of SecInCoRe are:
1) A pan-European inventory of past critical events and disasters and their consequences (especially in terms of time dimension and costs) focused on collaborative emergency operations and real-time decision making. This objective is highly driven by end-users and targeted by empirical research from the perspectives of economics and engineering taking into account ethics, law, psychology and privacy.
2) Design of a secure, dynamic cloud based knowledge base and communication system concept including the ability to use emergency information by means of a trans-European communication infrastructure. The consortium follows a design science approach a) to define taxonomy of data sets, standards, processes and information systems and b) to formulate a network enabled communication system concept including effects on business models and new possible emergency as well as crisis management models. Latest technological innovations from information management, service provisioning and communication networks will be integrated.
3) Conceptual integration of available technology from the field of information and communication technology into patterns of infrastructure found in first responder organisations. The variety of emergency IT-systems available in Europe and the related variety of information acquisition devices present a new set of challenges to end-users involved in effective emergency management and law enforcement.
4) Evaluation and validation of all results in representative fields of application. A developed, adapted or already in use system will be used for validation in the project scope. The inventory will be used for SecInCoRe system conception and as a database for co-operative disaster management. As a conclusion, extensions to existing crisis management models and modifications to business models of first responder and Police authorities will be proposed.

Project Results:
The first period of SecInCoRe was dedicated to intense work on domain analysis, creation of guidelines for the integration of Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (ELSI) into Co-Design of information systems for first responders and Police authorities and a first phase creating the inventory. According to the cyclic approach applied for the work plan (see http://www.secincore.eu/project/#workplan) the first period is started based on the intense background brought into the project by consortium members. The consortium achieved three internal milestones during the first project year: Milestone MS1 after M3 represents basic methodology definitions and a first inventory of disaster events including a running demonstrator to manage inventory results within the consortium; MS2 is dedicated to the first phase of Common Information Space Co-Design; the third milestone MS3 builds upon these activities defining ELSI guidelines and strategies for the future uptake of inventory results and the CIS concept.

In the second project year, the SecInCoRe team approached two milestones. The first milestone in October 2015 subsumed the second advisory board workshop, updated inventory results, the draft design of the ‘common information space’ and the specification of the validation strategy. The second workshop at the end of Y2 comprises an updated version of the taxonomy and a final design description of the common information space and related secure cloud services.

The AB was invited for a workshop in Athens in September 2015. The workshop was designed as a co-design event driven by WP2. All WPs contributed to the agenda. Together with external experts, the consortium discussed the refugee crisis as an additional case study (updated D2.1), information management through a CIS concept and potential elements for the SecInCoRe sustainability strategy. Besides the AB, the team established links to the Lancashire Resilience Forum (LRF) and the Fire Department of Dortmund (FDDO), both being eager to run demonstrations with SecInCoRe. Additionally, SecInCoRe dedicated significant efforts to identify and mitigate ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) including Ethical Impact Assessment (EIA) and Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA). Results of all activities were documented in a “Report on Performance, Goals and Needs and First Draft of New Crisis Management Models and Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (D2.3)” and the “Domain Analysis: Baseline and emergent future practices (D2.4)".

The “second publication of inventory results” was provided and documented in D3.3. The categories subsume data sets, command systems including information management processes, information systems, and business models. The main contributions are based on literature research, online surveys, and identification of already existing background in the consortium. These activities are complemented by several interactions with stakeholder groups, like a Co-Design/Advisory Board workshop in Athens. Main objective was to extend the gathered inventory artefacts, define a data set model, show deviations in the different command and control systems and structure the field of information systems.

Based on the updated inventory, a first draft of the taxonomy was created which builds the semantic framework for handling information. The CIS concepts was designed by determining High Level Requirements Definition, ConOps and the specification of elements for the Network Enabled Communication (NEC) concept. The concortium decided to include both operational elements (based on the 3GPP architecture) and fundamental concepts (cp. eduroam). “System Views and Concept of Operations ” (D4.2) were defined. Thus the SecInCoRe CIS concept is now determined and documented. It was made available to interested parties via OpenAtrium. D4.3 detailed these definitions and reported about the draft taxonomy design, NEC components and secure cloud services.

Having defined all major expected outcomes for the project, the “validation strategy and first functional evaluation model of communication system concept“ (D5.3) was discussed and fixed. The major challenge was to insert a link to the Common Information Space (CIS) demonstrators and the use of the demonstrators in validation and evaluation activities.

WP6 intensified three activities in order to transfer the concepts and results of the SecInCoRe project into the market, the public and scientific community and the standardisation bodies: standardization, new business models and exploitation and dissemination. WP6 document the update of the standardisation strategy and the ongoing work to standardise SecInCoRe outcomes in D6.2. SecInCoRe dedicates specific attention to research regarding the knowledge creation and dissemination, exploitation and standardisation of the SecInCoRe outcomes. SecInCoRe continue the cooperation with ReDIRNET, SECTOR and EPISECC in the task forces regarding taxonomy, standardisation and dissemination.

The consortium achieved significant results and published early findings mostly in work-in-progress papers. The team presented the SecInCoRe idea in several events correlated with other projects, domain specific conferences and exhibitions as well as generic forums. A website was established (www.secincore.eu) and a twitter account actively promoted (@FP7_SecInCore). The internal self-assessment, but also feedback by various stakeholders showed that SecInCoRe - being a cross-cutting activity in the Security programme of the European Commission's 7th Framework Programme - is visible and on track towards its vision.

Potential Impact:
The overall strategy of SecInCoRe was designed from two perspectives: On the one hand the demands stated by and hinted at the FP7 Security work programme, the background of its cross-cutting activity on interoperability and specifically the topic SEC-2013.5.1-1 Analysis and identification of security systems and data set used by first responders and police authorities; on the other hand the expertise and future research plans of the SecInCoRe consortium. The exact matching of these two perspectives allows high expectations concerning the intended impact:

- Nowadays the number of joint operations of first responders and police authorities from different nations are increasing while problems related to communications, deviating processes or organisational structures hinder the success of an operation. To enhance the interoperability at operational level SecInCoRe analyses existing crisis management models, procedures and used information system within a Pan-European inventory and recommend an organisational framework to achieve a shared understanding of crisis management processes. Furthermore, the design of a common information space solves these issues. The vision is to support Pan-European institutions (cp. Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Center) and associations (like FEU) in their ambition to enhance information sharing practices.
- Within the secure, dynamic cloud based approach new ways of service provision in the field of public safety and crisis management will be achieved. Thereby data and information will be accessible for multi-agencies such as first responders, police authorities as well as for emergency and public safety end-users. By providing resource management services a cross-border guidance capabilities will be established.
- Activities to achieve sustainability will be reached by SecInCoRe in different manners. On the one hand a technical oriented view will provide capabilities for standardisation related to information systems and network enabled communication. Beyond a process oriented view provide a standardisation approach for crisis management processes and models. Standardisation and a provision of new services on various directions create a level playing field for industry to facilitate the development of an EU market. Thus developing standards allow future enhancement for all Member States.
- The project performs demonstration cases mainly focusing on the preparedness phase. Current cases are emergency planning for pandemics and exercise design for training stakeholders. Conceptual and technical elements as well as outcomes will be shared as an initial knowledge base for potential adopters.

The main benefit of SecInCoRe is to enable collaboration and exploitation of information at European level. Using this system concept, an improved emergency operation management can be used at cross-border and national incident scenes. Moreover, the impact of SecInCoRe considers gain of resource synergy and the development of agile processes in terms of emergency operation management.

As a result, SecInCoRe’s holistic and cross-cutting approach will contribute to research and development in fields subsumed by the missions of the FP7 Security Work Programme; SecInCoRe will enable significant improvements of the exploitation and application of results of these projects and other innovative European products.

List of Websites:
www.secincore.eu

Reported by

UNIVERSITAET PADERBORN
Germany

Subjects

Safety
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