Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

H2020

P2P-SmarTest Report Summary

Project ID: 646469
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.3.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - P2P-SmarTest (Peer to Peer Smart Energy Distribution Networks (P2P-SmartTest))

Reporting period: 2015-01-01 to 2016-06-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Recently, there has been a rapid growth in Distributed Energy Resources (DER) such as distributed generation and energy storage connecting to the distribution network and micro-generation and flexible loads at the premises of end users. Estimates reveal that renewable energy sources based on solar, wind, geothermal and tides can meet a large portion of the energy demand. These resources are not utilized at the distribution system by distribution network operators, retailors or energy service providers, as there are no markets in place to incentivise DERs at the edge of the grid. P2P-SmartTest project investigates and demonstrates an electricity distribution system integrated with advanced Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), regional markets and innovative business models. It will employ Peer-to-Peer (P2P) approaches to ensure the integration of demand side flexibility and the optimum operation of DER and other resources while maintaining second-to-second power balance and the quality and security of the supply.
The technical work packages will provide results for P2P operation of smart grid in all layers including the connectivity (ICT), energy trading and grid operation. These P2P results in different layers of energy system will be validated in a set of demonstrations towards the end of the project which at the same time will be the main deliverable of the project.
As the use of DER will grow, the centralised control and unidirectional energy flows can/must? be replaced by distributed control and bi-directional energy flows. For achieving this, the project has four main objectives to tackle:
Objective 1: To develop business models for DSOs, mobile network operators, Aggregators, ESCOs, Suppliers and Consumers for P2P energy trading to capture the whole supply chain value while maintaining second-by-second power balance, maximizing Demand Response (DR) and DER utilization and ensuring supply security. The benefits from introducing P2P energy trading are quantified and changes in technical, commercial and regulatory arrangements will be identified.
Objective 2: To evaluate existing ICT technologies and new ones for (a) the optimized and robust P2P energy trading and balancing within a MicroGrid, and a CELL, while considering the new business models, (b) active electricity network management, DR, load balancing and forecasting, congestion management and capacity calculation, and (c) optimum, and stable operation of a MicroGrid and a CELL during normal/abnormal operating conditions. While the focus is on the last-mile technologies which support inter- and intra-MicroGrids operation, also the backbone telecom infrastructure is considered, which is critical for intra CELLs operation and data exchange with transmission network operators.
Objective 3: To develop P2P advanced optimization techniques to provide efficient P2P energy market trading, while considering the new business models and ICT technologies. In order to fulfil a real integration of the flexibility of demand and DER management using P2P, the whole market domain will be explored including products/services to be traded and certification mechanisms to be implemented.
Objective 4: To develop P2P based control paradigm of distribution networks, integrate probabilistic and predictive control functions to enable and facilitate the P2P based energy trading and better network operation under dynamic and uncertain conditions, and model of dynamic demand for operational functions of P2P smart distribution networks.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The WP1 is project management and one of the results is the P2P-SmarTest web page available http://p2psmartest-h2020.eu/. In business and market oriented work (WP2) the project has assessed the current status in UK, Finland and Spain as exemplary markets. We have concluded that there are varying degree of regulatory barriers and other obstacles that need to be addressed in the forthcoming business models. Based on the assumption that DER will be significantly increased, novel business models are being generated that may be based on sharing models and ecosystem thinking.
In WP3 analyses how existing telecommunications networks could be used for smart grid communications have been performed, especially how the peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading communications can be supported by existing telecommunications networks. We have defined key performance indicators that solutions developed in WP3 must meet and the order of importance ranked by analytical hierarchy process. Novel solutions for ad-hoc type or device-to-device communications LTE have been proposed. The system solution candidate simulation models have been constructed in OPNET simulation environment and the first results are available.
In WP4, the project has proposed a fully distributed algorithm where microgrids onlñy need to exchange energy bids and prices and the market clearing process is carried out in a distributed manner with no need of a central node. The algorithm has been applied to a number of scenarios: isolated microgrids with different topologies and microgrids interacting with the wholesale market through an aggregator. Furthermore an Aggregator algorithm is being developed to allow the management in the markets of demand response and distributed generation in a similar way than the traditional generation assets. This algorithm will be applied to support new product opportunities for P2P energy market trading. Models and scheduling optimization methods have been elaborated for all types of residential flexible loads and for a typical industrial heating load.. Finally it has been proposed how to implement, for P2P-Trading, the Measurement and Verification (M&V) process, that has usually been a barrier for the deployment of Demand Response.
In WP5 solutions of using control functions under P2P control paradigm to mitigate the technical issues in distribution networks are investigated. These control functions include network reconfiguration, coordinated voltage control, demand side management (DSM), and congestion and capacity management. The results include: 1) P2P energy trading and local demand supply balance of distribution networks were assessed using smart metering data, 2) Demand flexibility and its impact on facilitating P2P energy trading and local demand supply balance were analysed, 3) Power electronic devices, e.g. Soft Open Points, were used in distribution networks to mitigate voltage exclusion, thermal overloading, and control power flows and 4) A distributed control based gradient descent was introduced to minimize voltage deviations as well as P2P gossiping algorithm for voltage measurement dissemination over the grid.
In WP6, P2P-SmarTest will use the ATENEA micro-grid and WALQA MicroGrid located in the North of Spain and emulated micro grid in Oulu . These micro-grid installations will integrate the project solutions at the site, analyse the trial data, and provide partners with reports on necessary improvements of the Project concepts. These trial installations are utilized as pilot plants to carry out the validation phase and conduct all the necessary experiments. The P2P control layer demonstrations (that will be held in EnergyVille - Genk, Belgium - with ICT solution and Cardiff) are currently being drafted and the first ideas on validating P2P voltage control are available.
In WP7, the dissemination activities apart from web page so far include 13 conference papers, 7 journal and magazine papers, 2 accepted special sessions/mini workshops in ISGT’16 (Ljubljana, Slovenia) and ICC’17 (Paris, France). Furthermore the project has been presented to larger audience in 5 presentations.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The P2P approach in electricity grids will become critical as the energy will be increasingly produced and consumed locally. The project has proposed and will propose P2P based mechanisms to provide local and regional energy trading and the distributed ICT solutions required for this. Furthermore the project has and will propose algorithms and methods for local grid control in migro grids to support the extensive use of renewable energy sources. Therefore we see a number of expected impacts provided by the project including at least:

1) Replicability: The results of P2P-SmarTest may be readily deployed in new industrial and residential microgrids given that the DSO promotes it and national regulation allows. In existing distribution systems, some of the results could be deployed e.g. in the next generation of smart meters, smart fuse panels or smart home automation systems. The P2P energy trading can be deployed also in existing distribution systems with novel electricity contracts models.
2) Socio-economics: As P2P-SmarTest promotes the use of energy where it is produced, distribution losses are expected to reduce. Thus more energy will be produced using RES locally and consequently relieve local loads from relying on distant generation. One of the focuses of P2P energy trading model would be near real time optimal load balancing - the gap between energy produced and consumed will be balanced while maximizing energy production from RES.
3) Environment: The environmental impacts of P2P-SmarTest may be seen as indirect given that this project will offer results and tools for distribution system operation foreseen to facilitate the large scale use of emission free micro-generation (DER) and demand response down to household and even individual load level.
4) Market Transformation: P2P-SmarTest results are targeted to opening up new markets for advanced grid technologies and system architectures to foster European industries' competitiveness and at the same time promoting an open market for services deployment.
5) Policy: As part of the Bridge co-operation (all projects under H2020-LCE06 and LCE07), this project has identified that in H2020 ICT development (5G), the energy sector vertical requirements should be emphasised both in the technical requirements but especially in frequency regulation to allow for shared spectrum access or unlicensed spectrum to enable the so called micro-operators (specialised network operators) that may in the future provide e.g. DSO’s, TSO’s and the prosumers tailored ICT and other services. Furthermore, in many European markets, the deployment of DER and trading of locally generated energy is heavily regulated and thus more flexible market designs should be promoted.
6) Expected impact stated in the Call Topic: P2P-SmarTest will help to remove the two main technological barriers for developing the Demand Response and the integration of DER: (i) data interchange requirements and (ii) DSO restrictions/limitations due to operation limit violation problems in their grids (e.g. congestion and voltage limit violation). P2P-SmartTest will promote a more active participation of ESCOs in wholesale electricity markets and new local markets, as well as of the transformation of consumers into Prosumers, involving them in electricity trading by P2P.

Related information

Record Number: 192957 / Last updated on: 2016-12-16