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FP7

DEMEAUMED Report Summary

Project ID: 619116
Funded under: FP7-ENVIRONMENT
Country: Spain

Periodic Report Summary 2 - DEMEAUMED (Demonstrating integrated innovative technologies for an optimal and safe closed water cycle in Mediterranean tourist facilities)

Project Context and Objectives:
demEAUmed faces two key challenges: the importance of the tourism economy and the water scarcity characteristic of the Euro-Mediterranean area. The demEAUmed consortium is, in fact, acutely aware of the complex water related challenges faced by the Mediterranean area: the prevalent reliance on tourism of coastal regions as an engine for their economies, the intense use of fresh water in touristic facilities triggered by rising quality standards and combined with constantly rising water scarcity in the area. In this frame, the project is rooted in the strong conviction that it is crucial to address these challenges by proposing innovative, integrated and affordable solutions, combining not only reliable technologies but also promoting awareness on the need to actually integrate them into day-to-day activity and future strategy of public and private actors in the sector.
The general aim of demEAUmed project is, hence, the involvement of industry representatives, stakeholders, policy-makers and diverse technical and scientific experts in demonstrating and promoting innovative technologies, for an optimal and safe closed water cycle in Euro-Mediterranean tourist resorts, leading to their eventual market uptake.
First of all, the whole water fluxes and water composition used or generated in the tourist facility was identified and quantified (WP3) as well as compared with other representative Euro-Mediterranean resorts. The proposed demEAUmed solution integrates innovative water treatment technologies (WP4 and WP6), TICs and water management tools (WP5 and WP8). Different proven water treatment technologies at pre-marketable level are being properly combined to treat and adapt the different water flows to the necessities of the different areas in the resort, while saving fresh water consumption and reducing environmental and socio-economic impact in a safe way. Water treatment technologies are classified according to their target pollutants: organic matter abatement, salinity reduction or disinfection. The final combination of technologies was confirmed after an exhaustive analysis of water flows’ characteristics and needs of the resort selected taking into account the quantification of key indicators such as pollutant abatement degree, water reuse efficiency, minimum operational costs, etc. An environmental and socio-economic assessment will demonstrate the benefits of demEAUmed project in comparison with current non-closed-loop water Mediterranean Resorts (WP7). Additionally, legal issues are being identified, including recommendation for existing and future water quality regulations. Moreover the project aims additionally to design a dissemination plan analyzing critical stakeholders and customers to ensure a high impact and knowledge of the project and to adequately transfer demEAUmed results (WP9). Creation of new market opportunities to European industry and SMEs is finally also going to be addressed both to the water and tourism sectors (WP10).
According to this general idea, in terms of specific scientific and technological objectives, demEAUmed is going to:
- separate greywater from wastewater treatment and demonstrate an integrated and optimal water strategy by means of innovative pre-marketable technologies;
- reduce the content of micropollutants and salinity in various effluents;
- maximize the reuse and reduce the water consumption towards a safe close water cycle in Euro-Mediterranean resorts;
- implement an on-line monitoring system for the quantity and quality analysis of different fluxes in the DEMO site;
- provide a Decision Support System (DSS) based on deterministic models that will help the qualified personnel in the selection of best water management alternatives;
- take into account not only water treatment in the most efficient way, but also the minimization of carbon footprint of the whole water treatment system.

Project Results:
Most of the foreseen objectives have been generally achieved in RP1 and RP2 with no significant deviations.
In the context of WP3, a representative part of all hotel inlet and outlet waters (including greywater and wastewater) was characterized to get a comprehensive water cycle identification, quantification and characterization. A broad overview of micropollutants presence, by use and by season, was performed as well. A set of quality parameters and threshold values/ranges established in the Spanish reuse regulation (or proposed by the demEAUmed consortium) as well as socio-economic or political parameters were fixed and are being updated throughout the project. In parallel, a questionnaire to theoretically evaluate other Euro-Mediterranean resorts was designed, translated into several languages and sent to a large database of hotels and institutions.
In WP4, each technology was tested individually at pre-demonstration level to define the most appropriated operational parameters and system design for the subsequent scale-up. Real and/or synthetic waters were used to reduce fresh water consumptions and increase water reuse in an integrated approach. Tests ran smoothly and the WP can be considered completed, with the only exception of one technology, still working in parallel at laboratory and DEMO scale. The draft roadmap strategy for the DEMO site was proposed and verified and the layout was finalized. Minor changes were applied to the roadmap during the transfer of demEAUmed technologies to the DEMO site.
During WP5 the DEMO site water cycle was analyzed and the hotel water meters replaced. New counters, the greywater tank level meter and the water quality measurements equipment were installed. The data acquisition system and the communication structure (an industrial network working with industrial PLC) were defined for all the technologies, already finalized for the whole greywater treatment line (and pool disinfection), and pending for adding few technologies of the wastewater treatment line in early RP3.
Seven out of eight technologies were already scaled-up and moved to the DEMO site (WP6). The greywater treatment line (five technologies) was finalized and already provided long term characterization, also in terms of coupling of technologies. The wastewater treatment line is going to be finalized in early RP3, with the installation of the missing technology. The operation and maintenance manuals of all the technologies were completed.
The goal and methodology of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and socio-economical assessment were defined in a modular way by identifying stakeholders and potential areas of impact for all the technologies (WP7). A literature review of regulations and guidelines related to water uses in tourist facilities was performed at different scales. First LCA results for the green wall technology were already produced and data gathering is on-going for the other ones.
In WP8, the DSS was defined and the data from other WPs integrated, to get valuable information for modelling purposes. Preliminary models were already produced in terms of hotel water cycle and for the first innovative technologies. The missing technologies will be considered in RP3, as expected.
Dissemination (WP9) activities are on time and demEAUmed consortium members were able to reach a wide audience to disseminate the project through different events as well as printed and online media. In WP10 (exploitation) a market study with inputs from different Mediterranean regions was first completed. An internal market analysis on technologies was then accomplished, exploitation factsheets for all the technologies were produced and a preliminary roadmap for exploitation was concluded with 5 technological partners. Finally, a registered design application was submitted by a partner, Alchemia-nova, to Austrian Patents Office as well as the agreement between Radtke Biotechnik and Alchemia-nova for a common exploitation was reached.

Potential Impact:
demEAUmed will give rise to an integrated water management system placed at the representative Euro-Mediterranean resort, at demonstrative level, which will be controlled and managed by a monitoring and control system and through a DSS. The demo site is constituted by the combination of several water treatment technologies, all of them at pre-marketable level, which are being complementarily applied to those water flows that would require specific treatment. As a result, different treated waters with different qualities would be obtained and further reused within the whole DEMO site, according to the inlet water requirements (quality and quantity criteria).
In the context of the DEMO site and/or within Euro-Mediterranean resorts the results can be summarized as:
- coupling and promoting of innovative technologies demonstrating the feasibility of an integrated water treatment system for safe and close water cycle;
- contribution to up to 70% reuse of treated effluents;
- reduction up to 30-50% of drinking water consumption;
- reduction of conductivity (up to 85%) as well as of hardness, alkalinity, nitrates and other ones;
- relevant removal (up to 60-80%) of selected and recalcitrant emergent/priority pollutants as well as simultaneous disinfection in specified effluents;
- monitor in real time water consumption patterns and evaluate the alternatives for better water management.
The results will be quantified not only in terms of technologies efficiencies as well as on the economic, social and environmental results aiming to environmental impact reduction up to 10-30%. On the other hand, results based on the envisaged exploitable results from the project are also expected.
demEAUmed project especially contributes to the aims of the proposed European Innovation Partnership on water for three priority areas (water reuse and recycling, water and wastewater treatment, including recovery of resources and water-energy nexus) and supports two cross-cutting priorities (water governance, DSS and monitoring) selected by the EIP in the Strategic Implementation Plan. It also addresses smart technology, identified to be of key relevance.
The project will mobilize industry representatives, stakeholders, research centers, diverse technical and scientific experts and policy-makers and will launch a demonstration project aiming to the reduction of fresh water consumption, improved efficiency of distribution, water/wastewater treatment and reuse while minimizing carbon footprint in a representative tourism facility. By demonstrating the viability, sustainability and comparative advantages of the closed water cycle in a touristic resort, demEAUmed aims to set a benchmarking example for other facilities in the Euro-Mediterranean coast and - given the high visibility of the Mediterranean as top tourist destination in the world - to target the global touristic market, both during and after the life of the project. To achieve this ambitious goal, it becomes straight forward that dissemination and communication activities stand at the core of the project and are crucial to facilitate the exploitation and transfer of knowledge both to policy makers, business and the general public. It is reasonable to expect that the already existing networks of contacts, both within and outside the consortium, will contribute to the implementation of the expected impact.
The project will ensure, after project has ended, that the results of the innovative demonstration model (a hotel with recreational activities) will be available to the target audience through the website which will remain online after the project has ended. This will continue to raise awareness of water recycling issues, provide an information resource for transfer of good practice, provide a springboard for future collaborations and projects as well as aid commercialization of the results through links to specialist organizations within the water treatment and recycling industry.

List of Websites:
www.demeaumed.eu

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