Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


ECCSEL Report Summary

Project ID: 675206
Funded under: H2020-EU.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - ECCSEL (European Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Laboratory Infrastructure)

Reporting period: 2015-09-01 to 2016-08-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

1. Context overall objectives
ECCSEL aims at gaining recognition as a world-class research infrastructure based upon leading European Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) institutions and knowledge centres. It will be due for registration in 2016/17, forming a legal entity allocating efforts and resources to selected scientific and technological aspects of the CCS chain.

The objective is to provide a world-class distributed research infrastructure set up as a central hub responsible for the coordinated operation of multiple research facilities operating under a joint hallmark, ECCSEL.

ECCSEL shall reach its principal task by pursuing a dual approach:
• Consolidating, implementing, constructing and operating distributed resources comprising existing and upgraded research facilities as well as new ones
• Facilitating superior experimental research on second generation and third generation CCS technologies, envisaging commercial uptake by 2020-2030 and beyond 2030, respectively

Under the financial support of the European Union, and coordinated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), ECCSEL has been planned by a consortium comprising leading European CCS research institutions over two preparatory phases: ECCSEL PP1 & PP2 (2011-2014).

ECCSEL was identified by ESFRI and the Council of the European Union as one of the projects eligible to receive financial support under the Horizon 2020 programme to address specific implementation bottlenecks. This project has been developed by a consortium, consisting of delegate research organizations from the countries already committed, desirous of establishing ECCSEL. After four years of preparations and planning, ECCSEL is now entering the final implementation stage and initial operations.

1.1 Objectives
ECCSEL will enable high-ranking researchers and scientists from all regions of Europe (as well as from third countries) to access state-of-the-art research facilities to conduct advanced technological research actions relevant to CCS. According to the rationale outlined above, the project aims to:
• Implement ECCSEL as a not-for-profit organisation consistent with the European Research Infrastructure Consortium legal framework (ERIC)
• Initiate operations of ECCSEL as a world-class CCS research infrastructure in accordance with the principles developed during the preparatory phases
• Develop the research infrastructure to an upgraded common standard in terms of quality of services, management and access provision

More specifically the following specific objectives have been defined for this project:
• Establishment and alignment of managerial and organizational procedures for proper handling of legal, contractual and operation issues. This implies:
- Organization, setting up and initial running of the ECCSEL Operations Centre (central hub) and national Nodes
- Follow up and finalize legal issues related to the ECCSEL legal status
- Initiate and improve operation through the coordination of a transnational access programme
- Develop tools to monitor, assess progress, and to unlock the innovation potential, evaluate ECCSEL against its objectives, ensure quality and coherence during the implementation and operational phase
- Perform a risk assessment and suggest mitigation actions
• Initiate operation and perform research and innovation activities by launching the first call for proposals granting access to existing facilities for researchers to carry out experimental work subject to:
- Assessment of relevance
- Expected impacts and
- Quality of their proposed research activities:
• Implement and ensure a sustainable business case for ECCSEL by establishing a resilient link with stakeholders from the public and private sector to:
- Reinforce the involvement of the different stakeholders and the growth of ECCSEL
- Enable industrial engagement and support
- Secure fund flow from private and public sector
- Enlarge the number of memberships
• Implement the ECCSEL research infrastructure and enhance its technical architecture to achieve a common standard by:
- Defining assessment criteria and key performance indicators (KPI) for facility performance and management
- Revising and restructuring existing research facilities (CAT-1) according to technology value chains, methodologies and common standards. Establish protocols defining requirements for technical operation and HSE
- Prioritizing and providing detailed techno-economic assessments for the upgrading of facilities (CAT-2) and the establishment of new facilities (CAT-3) as a decision base to launch the construction
• Develop ECCSEL Research Strategy and identify key research challenges and strategic objectives for the period 2016-2026:
- Exchange best practices in each of the thematic areas Capture, Transport, Storage
- Identify synergies, exchange expertise, common standards, joint engagement of user groups, interaction and dialogue with other coordination groups e.g. EERA, ZEP.
- Develop a roadmap of research activities and priorities for first five years of operation (with outline for ten years)
- Deliver a User Strategy - mapping of users, identify needs
• Develop a capacity building programme and provide training to the prospective users:
- Develop high-level training actions to provide the necessary skills to the users accessing the facilities through the Transnational Access Programme, in order to maximize the research results they can get thanks to ECCSEL
- Promote the exchange of personnel inside ECCSEL, in order to manage the pan European infrastructure as a whole, offering appropriate support to the users and better planning the ECCSEL evolution through the time
• Follow the communication strategy and outreach plan (defined in the preparatory phase of the project) to promote ECCSEL, attract users and gain their trust:
- Develop outreach and dissemination tools
- Initiate awareness campaigns to attract users for the Transnational Access programme
- Strengthen the links between partners and countries participating in ECCSEL
- Disseminate the output from the ECCSEL programme to the CCS community

1.2 Relation to the work programme
The following activities included in the scope of work are in direct relation to the Horizon 2020 Work Programme:
1. Enlargement of the membership: Whereas membership has been solicited with nine countries, new actions must be planned in order to further develop and strengthen the pan European dimension of the project. New members can best be approached once ECCSEL becomes operational with a firm inventory of world-class research facilities on display. Meanwhile, ECCSEL operations will commence with the nine countries having signed a letter of intent and a Memorandum of Understanding until the legal entity is established. Thereby ECCSEL will be able to access a range of existing research facilities and expertise that have been assessed and carefully selected for the purpose and needs of a European CCS research infrastructure.
2. Enhancement of the technical architecture: The technical architecture of ECCSEL is based on the outcome of the preparatory phase. For research facilities, there are three categories designated CAT-1, 2 and 3. These facilities have been identified and further assessed against a criterion ensuring that they are all advanced, unique and world-class research facilities. Whereas the first category (CAT-1) comprises readily available facilities (i.e. laboratories, pilots and test sites), the second category (CAT-2), stems from a selection among pre-existing research facilities offering potential to upcoming research challenges, subject, however, to major upgrading or retrofitting. Whereas these CAT-2 facilities have been identified, final engineering work still remains for the purpose of decision-making. The third category (CAT-3) comprises long-lead investments, and will also be considered during the initiating phase. As the commercial operations of ECCSEL rely on the extent to which these facilities will be accessed and utilised, they must relate strategically to plausible needs and possible users. Important aspects are the mapping of users, research directions and investments in the field of CCS. Hence, in order to ensure strategic management of ECCSEL as a whole, a business case is required for each research facility following a bottom-up approach.
3. Central coordination: The central management and coordination, including initial running of the ECCSEL Operations Centre, will be aligned with the planning provided through the preparatory phases. In order for ECCSEL to become smoothly and fully operational, technologies, services and procedures must be implemented and tuned, financial sustainability must be proved, and users’ trust and awareness must be gained.
4. Access provision: During the Transnational Access Programme, organisation of logistic support for researchers, access policies for researchers and management of intellectual property rights will follow procedures developed during the preparatory phase. Provision of access to the CCS research community will be ensured according to the rules specified for integrating activities.
5. Training: In the context of this project, training will be initiated mainly on two levels: the internal level, intended for operators of research facilities, in accordance with the aims of ECCSEL, and the external level, specifically planned for users of the research facilities. The latter will emphasise mainly a) health, safety and environmental issues, and b) operational training as required to provide a full understanding of the specific research facility and to ensure proper and safe operations. ECCSEL will also act as a proponent spreading good practices via consultancy and training courses targeting new users, and via exchange of personnel and training of staff.
6. Outreach: Outreach activities will be planned and conducted in accordance with recommendations from the preparatory phase. Specific campaigns will be organised in order to inform stakeholders and/or specific target groups of the launch and early operations, providing the relevant status and characteristics of research facilities available.
7. Research and innovation activities: Research and innovation activities will be focused into two directions:
i. Internally, concerning the physical arrangements and handling of the research facilities
ii. Externally, by launching calls for proposals granting access to ECCSEL facilities, through a Transnational Access Programm
For the implementation and initial operations, innovation will be required to create synergy. This particularly applies to the dispersed research facilities and their measuring techniques, with due regard to protocols for data acquisition and exchange of relevant information. Planning will be necessary for the development of high-performance methodologies and instrumentation, including testing and dedicated software.
8. Interaction with end-users: According to the specific call, attention will be given to the interaction with end-users. This will require actions aligned with outreach activities and activities aimed at increasing the potential for innovation of related activities, such as networking with technology providers and SMEs, to facilitate their involvement as users of the research facilities. Activities will also include dissemination of research outcome and technology transfer.

1.3 Concept and approach

1.3.1 Rationale of the project concept - problem / issues being adressed
Evidently, new techniques and concepts are urgently needed to improve the efficiency of CCS as a climate mitigation option. As CCS projects are expected to increase significantly in number and size, it is essential to reduce capital investments and operational costs, and to ensure safety and environmental integrity. Analyses made by the IPCC and the IEA suggest that by 2050, CCS must make up 17% of the global annual cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, and 14% of the accumulated cuts from now on. These demands can only be met by intensified research and development aimed at enhancing the scientific and technological knowledge base.
The demands for enhanced research within Europe will be met via cross-institutional and transnational access to laboratories and facilities coordinated within and between countries. ECCSEL is justified by the pronounced need for a dedicated research environment, striving to close specific knowledge gaps, pushing the forefront of technological development beyond the state-of-the-art, and thereby accelerating the commercialisation and deployment of CCS. ECCSEL will coordinate necessary infrastructure investments thereby reducing overcapacity and cost at a European scale.

This project will facilitate ECCSEL to pursue its principal tasks, notably:
• Integrating and upgrading existing research facilities, and establishing new ones dedicated to second and third generation CCS techniques with options for tail-end usage of the CO2 (CCUS)
• Offering open access to advanced laboratories for talented scientists and visiting researchers to conduct cutting-edge research
• Enhancing the European research capacities in all fields of CCS with no distinction between power generation and industrial processes (i.e. iron and steel, refining, chemicals, gas processing, biofuels, etc.)

1.3.2 National and International activities linked with the project.
This project builds on the outcome and main recommendation of the ECCSEL Preparatory Phase funded by the EU. The Preparatory Phase was split in two parts: the first (Preparatory Phase I, 2011-12) concentrated on legal, governance and financial strategy aspects, while the second (Preparatory Phase II, 2013-14) dealt with business plan, operations centre, infrastructure planning, outreach strategy.

1.3.3 The project approach and methodology
The ECCSEL research infrastructure will be developed in two phases:
• The initial phase: During the initial phase, ECCSEL will have a lean operational management structure, as required to operate the distributed ECCSEL resources during a critical starting phase. Initially activities will mainly be based on existing research facilities (CAT-1) within the consortium involved in ECCSEL operations. In this initial phase, efforts will be made to gradually develop the advanced phase. ECCSEL will undertake joint planning for improvements/upgrades, submit joint applications for funding, and provide open access to visiting researchers. The initial phase is planned to last for two years, in the period 2016-2017.
• The advanced phase where ECCSEL main efforts will be vested on building entirely new advanced facilities (CAT-3), pilot plants and demo sites requiring technical, organizational and financial cooperation between ECCSEL members.

This project supports the initial development phase and prepares the ground for the advanced phase of ECCSEL. The stated objectives (section 1.1) will be met within two years and with the constrained available funding. The proposed work programme will mobilize critical efforts needed to support the implementation and early operations of ECCSEL as a distributed pan European laboratory and achieve an upgraded common standard in terms of quality of services, management and infrastructure access. To meet the objectives, the work plan is divided into six collaborative work packages (WP1-WP6), one work package on project coordination WP7, and one work package for each legal entity providing access to the existing research facilities (WP8-WP21: Transnational Access).

WP-1: Central management and Coordination of Access is focused on the establishment and alignment of managerial and organizational procedures for proper handling of the legal,
contractual and operation issues of ECCSEL. Quality management, innovation management and risk assessment tools will be developed and implemented during the course of this project. In addition, WP1 coordinates the Transnational Access Programme offered through WP8-WP21 specifically the launch of calls for access, and the review and selection of the users projects according to the rules specified for integrating activities and in line with the access principles and policy of ECCSEL.

WP-2: Business Case Consolidation & Enlargement of Membership is devoted to consolidating and enlarging commitment of Member States to the organic growth model and works towards developing the final funding model and a five years funding strategy plan. In addition, it will enable industrial engagement and deliver an enlarged membership status from public and private sectors. ECCSEL operations starts with its current members associated with an inventory of resources, including pre-existing research facilities and pronounced expertise. In order to be conceived as a Pan-European CCS research infrastructure, more nations will be encouraged to sign up for ECCSEL membership. WP-2 delivers the Business Case of ECCSEL. It interacts with WP3 and has strong interdependences with WP5 and WP6.

WP-3: Implementation & Development of ECCSEL Research Infrastructure is focusing on the implementation of research infrastructure and works towards delivering the decision basis for the construction phase to the Board of Directors. The work is steered by the Research Infrastructure Coordination Committee. It involves, among others, harmonization activities and definition of common standards for the technical operation of the existing facilities to support the Transnational Access Programme. Finally, WP3 will provide the foundation for the decision to construct ECCSEL research infrastructure supported by detailed techno-economic studies for the required upgrades (CAT-2) and the construction of new facilities (CAT-3). WP3 is strongly linked with WP2 as will facilitate any funding decisions and support the development of the Business Case.

WP-4: Long–term Research Strategy aims at identifying key research challenges and strategic objectives for the ECCSEL research infrastructure for the period 2016-2026. This encompasses all areas of CCS capture, transport and storage and facilitates building a technical activity plan in these areas. As the commercial operations of ECCSEL rely on the extent these facilities will be accessed and utilised, they must strategically relate to credible needs and potential users. Thus this WP includes the mapping of users and future research and deliver the final User Strategy of ECCSEL. In the process of information gathering WP4 will interact with stakeholder and coordinating bodies such the EERA and ZEP technology platform and exploit the parallel outreach activities of WP6. A five-year Research Strategy Roadmap (RSR) will be developed to provide a prioritised list of research topics to meet predicted user needs up to 2021 as well as undertaking a horizon scan to 2026.

WP-5: Capacity Building focuses on developing a training strategy and providing training to prospective users. Capacity building is a key element for successful operation of a Research Infrastructure, especially when strongly characterized by a Pan-European dimension, such as ECCSEL. One of the pillars of capacity building is the definition of good practises, assuring a high standard of operation and the sharing of knowledge. Spreading of good practises will be assured for ECCSEL through different means, including the exchange of personnel of ECCSEL partners, thus guaranteeing improvements in the use of every e facility and of the entire infrastructure. The need for a defined and shared training strategy is then one of the priorities of the entire ECCSEL community. Training plays a key role guaranteeing the scientific quality of the products of research developed under the ECCSEL hallmark. Training will be also addressed to the prospective users accessing the facilities through Transnational Access, by providing training courses focused on the use of the research infrastructure.

WP-6: Outreach-Dissemination implements the outreach and communication strategy developed during the preparatory phase to promote ECCSEL, communicate with stakeholders and attract users to Transnational Access Programme. It initiates awareness campaigns to attract users for the Transnational Access Programme and strengthen the links between partners and countries participating in ECCSEL. Moreover, this WP will disseminate the output from the Transnational Access programme to the CCS community though a set of actions and dissemination events.

WP-7: Project Coordination to provide support to the consortium for fulfilment of the project administration and the EC reporting requirements.

WP8-WP21: Transnational Access offers access to users to ECCSEL existing facilities (CAT-1). It involves research and innovation activities in all areas of CCS performed by the users granted access to ECCSEL research facilities based on common access modalities and a peer review procedure for project selection.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far
The project progresses as planned with some adjustments made due to a changed time shedule for the ECCSEL ERIC application.

The following deliverables have been completed:

Key milestones reached:
The project kick-off meeting and general assembly meeting was held on the 11. September 2015.
A General Assembly meeting was held on the 19. October 2016
Several stakeholder meetings with governmental representatives to discuss and plan the ECCSEL ERIC application were held.
The first Industry Advisory Group (IAG) meeting was held on the 4th May 2016 in Trondheim.
Two Research Infrastructure Coordination Committee (RICC) were held: The first one by teleconferencing on the 8th June 2016 and the second one in Paris on the 18th October 2016 at the BRGM office.
The stage 1 ERIC application was sent to the European Commision on the 29. April 2015. ECCSEL received the answer to this on the 16th October 2015. Stage 2 documents of the ERIC application were prepared.
Two transnational access (TA) calls were published. The selection of the TA projects of the first call has been completed. The applications made during the second call are currently under review.
3 training courses where held (one on capture, one on storage and 1 on large scale CCS Research Infrastructure).
6 National Infodays were held by ECCSEL partners in 6 different countries.
Two calls for Transnational Access were launched (on the 18. December 2015 and on the 17. July 2016). We received in total 20 applications during the first call and out of those, 11 were successful applications which are being granted access to the ECCSEL RI. During the second call did we receive 5 applications.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

"1.4 Ambition

1.4.1 ECCSEL vision
ECCSEL aims at assembling and opening access for researchers to a top-notch research infrastructure devoted to second and third generation CCS technology in an efficient and structured way pursuant to the following vision:

“Enabling low to zero CO2 emissions from industry and power generation”

Subject to this vision, ECCSEL shall facilitate development of a broad range of CCS technologies and become the hallmark of world-class experimental research pertaining to CO2 capture, transport and storage techniques (CCS).

In this context, ECCSEL shall plan, construct and operate a Pan-European research infrastructure dedicated to developing second and third generation CCS technologies targeting commercial uptake by 2020-2030 and beyond 2030, respectively.

ECCSEL is justified by a pronounced need for a dedicated research environment, striving to close specific knowledge gaps, pushing the forefront of technological development beyond the state-of-the-art, and thereby accelerating the commercialisation and deployment of CCS. ECCSEL will coordinate necessary infrastructure investments thereby reducing overcapacity and cost at a European scale.
In order to establish ECCSEL as a European Research Infrastructure Consortium, ECCSEL must – according to the guidelines – meet the following five requirements:
• It is necessary for the carrying out of European research programmes and projects
• It represents an added value in the strengthening and structuring of the European Research Area (ERA) and a significant improvement in the relevant scientific and technological fields at international level
• Effective access is granted to the European research community, composed of researchers from Member States and from associated countries
• It contributes to the mobility of knowledge and/or researchers within the ERA and increases the use of intellectual potential throughout Europe
• It contributes to the dissemination and optimisation of the results of activities in Community research, technological development and demonstration

1.4.2 ECCSEL state of the art
ECCSEL represents a Pan-European approach, rather than a local or national initiative, as it is based on a European collection of CCS research laboratories and test sites. Although significant investments will be directed into new advanced research laboratories, ECCSEL will benefit from having a pre-existing collection of research facilities and internal CCS expertise.

ECCSEL will optimise the use and development of the best CCS research facilities in Europe. In the field of science and technology, it will create a new research environment of Pan-European interest for the European scientific community. Duplication of efforts and/or poor utilisation of resources will be avoided by adjusting research priorities according to industrial needs and to European and national strategies.

At the present critical stage in technology development, issues of techno-economic viability can be quickly addressed and solutions for commercial deployment be devised through the provision of advanced research laboratories and associated knowledge-sharing. ECCSEL recognises that this kind of de-risking of the commercial CCS development, which is still at the early demonstration scale, will improve the confidence in CCS.

ECCSEL will offer state of the art inclusive environment for research and a multitude of benefits to its member and the CCS research communities, including:
• Cost and risk sharing
o ECCSEL will provide funders, operators and researchers with significant benefits by offering access to world-class research facilities that in many cases are unlikely for a single nation to support in isolation. This also implies:
 - Creation of synergy and the avoidance of duplicated efforts.
 - Streamlining of funding for research facilities.
 - Increased knowledge gained from accessing ECCSEL research facilities.
• Knowledge sharing
o Access to ECCSEL research facilities implies for each member (nation) increased opportunities to address research topics of relevance at a lower cost.
o It is possible that members may be given access on more favourable terms than non-members.
• Influence on locations and capabilities of large pilots and research laboratories
o Active membership of ECCSEL can ensure that large research facilities address topics of highest relevance to a member's specific needs (e.g. leakage quantification, testing of specific capture techniques etc.).
• Maintaining topical leadership in European CCS research.
o ECCSEL membership will significantly strengthen the potential for associated research organisations to host ECCSEL facilities, either by including existing facilities within the ECCSEL network or by hosting new research facilities owned by ECCSEL. This would enable the associated research community to maintain its leading position in the field of CCS research.
o A strengthened profile will also support the policy leadership in CCS at the European and international level.
• Support of the wider deployment of CCS
o Direct links with technology providers will provide opportunities for the national and European industries to undertake joint testing at ECCSEL facilities in domestic as well as in other ECCSEL facilities across Europe, and increase capabilities via training and education.
o Plant owners and industries may be advised as to how to innovate and make investments in state-of-the-art CCS technologies.
o Spin-off businesses based on specific competence developed within the ECCSEL framework may create new services, products and jobs in Member States.
• Influence on the European research programme and policy development
o ECCSEL will be a significant actor advising and influencing European research priorities and policy development pertaining to CCS.
o ECCSEL participation will also provide governments and regulators as well as the research community with alternative mechanisms for future developments.
o Direct links with regulators will ensure a most appropriate regulatory framework, as required to establish a foreseeable permission process for the CCS chain.
• Extension of the support already obtained for existing national key laboratories
o National key laboratories can become future research facilities under ECCSEL and thereby provide increased access to joint research and to additional funding for continued development of ECCSEL and the host institutions. This will maximise their potential, extend their output and relevance and increase their future role in European research.

2. Impact

2.1 Expected impact

2.1.1 Impact relevant to the call topic
i. Contribute to the realization of the Innovation Union flagship initiative's Commitment n. 5: "to complete or launch the construction of 60% of the ESFRI projects by 2015"
This project contributes directly to the Innovation Union Commitment n.5 with following ways:
• By achieving the required maturity for implementing ECCSEL and establishing the confidence needed by funding authorities to commit funds to the implementation of ECCSEL research infrastructure.
• By operating a world-class CCS research infrastructure and offering transnational access to conduct research, thus enabling researchers to generate substantial knowledge which can lead to new innovative solutions, such as more efficient products, processes and services relating to CCS, and thereby help to address societal challenges, especially the issues of climate change and security of energy supply. Innovation is reflected in the stated objective and the scope of specific work packages, as well as in the expected impact statements.
• By increasing the potential for innovation within ECCSEL and its affiliated research facilities, in particular by reinforcing links with companies that drive innovation. This includes activities and partnership with industry such as transfer of knowledge and other dissemination activities. ECCSEL will also carry out activities involving industrial researchers, and it will include industrial players in reference groups and for peer review.

ii. Strengthen the ERA position and role in the global research environment
ECCSEL is justified by a pronounced need for a dedicated research environment, striving to close specific knowledge gaps, pushing the forefront of technological development beyond the state-of-the-art, and thereby accelerating the commercialisation and deployment of CCS. ECCSEL will coordinate necessary infrastructure investments thereby reducing overcapacity and cost at a European scale. ECCSEL represents an added value in the strengthening and structuring of the European Research Area (ERA) and a significant improvement in the relevant scientific and technological fields at international level by:
• Providing effective access to the European research community, composed of researchers from Member States and from associated countries
• Enabling the mobility of knowledge and/or researchers within the ERA and increasing the use of intellectual potential throughout Europe
• Disseminating and exploiting the results of activities in research, technological development and demonstration

iii. Reinforce the partnership between the Commission, Member States, Associated Countries and relevant stakeholders in establishing Pan-European research infrastructures
The ambition of ECCSEL is to implement and develop a Pan-European Research Infrastructure in the field of CCS, including cooperation with research institutes, universities and other major CCS stakeholders. During the Preparatory Phase 28 potential ECCSEL partners were identified, mainly linked with the European Energy Research Alliance and other past and on-going collaborative initiatives in the field of CCS. This implementation phase aims to strengthen the links between existing and potential partners, promoting collaboration with ECCSEL and enlarge ECCSEL’s membership, beginning with transnational access activities and the promotion of networking and joint research CCS activities with current and potential new partners, at European and global scale. Reference is given to the activities and expected output from WP2, WP4 and WP6.

iv. Support progress towards the development of global research infrastructures
During the preparatory phase some activity was initiated to reinforce cooperation of ECCSEL at international level notably with Australia. The activity will continue in a dedicated task in WP6 where engagement with other countries will be sought and best practices will be exchanged.

v. Enable researchers to address societal challenges with a global dimension such as climate change
ECCSEL will operate a world-class CCS research infrastructure and offer transnational access to conduct research, thus enabling researchers to generate substantial knowledge which can lead to new innovative solutions, such as more efficient products, processes and services relating to CCS, and thereby help to address societal challenges especially the issues of climate change. Reference is made to the transnational access programme WP8-21 and the associated outreach activities in WP6.

vi. Foster capacity building and Research Infrastructure human capital development
ECCSEL also responds to Commitment n. 4, as referred to in the Work Programme: "Opening of Member State operated RIs to the full European user community". This will enable researchers to make decisive contributions to the grand societal challenges in energy supply and climate change via actions.
For ECCSEL to reside within the knowledge triangle it is necessary to place emphasis on education and innovation. Hence, ECCSEL will make research facilities and services systematically available for higher education and training. This will in turn have a significant impact on the skills and capabilities of the next generation of engineers and researchers specialising in topics related to CCS. As these persons will subsequently make use of their experience and new knowledge, they will contribute to enhance the European knowledge base – scientifically and technologically. In any case, they will contribute to the ability of developing industry and bringing forward CCS for successful utilisation by society. Using this approach, the value created via ECCSEL will become quite substantial.

vii. Raise the technological level of the European industry and SME's, thus improving their competitive position, through their involvement in research infrastructures development and service provision
As facilitator of world-class CCS research, ECCSEL will engage with knowledge providers, offering expertise, advanced laboratories, and test sites. Thus, ECCSEL will help verify and validate conceptual studies and theories. Moreover, ECCSEL will facilitate fundamental and applied research leading gradually to commercial applications. In this way, ECCSEL will enable its users to act commercially in the knowledge market in various ways:
• Engineering companies and technology providers may promote their newest ideas and solutions based on research in the forefront of the technological development (innovation).
• Plant owners and industries may better know how to invest in state-of-the-art technologies.

2.1.2 Improving innovation capacity and the integration of new knowledge
Innovation is the creation of better or more effective products, processes, technologies, or ideas that are accepted by markets, governments, and society.

A key task of ECCSEL will be the facilitation of knowledge sharing between members, and from members to stakeholders, and funding bodies such as (inter alia) European governments, the European Commission, project proponents, and industry. In prioritising research activities to be carried out in ECCSEL, two main directions are emphasised, i) the academic research and ii) innovation (i.e. applied, pre-normative research). Projects belonging to the latter direction will be ranked according to their potential, and also for ramping up the speed and capacity needed for CCS to become material
ECCSEL also responds to Commitment n. 4, as referred to in the Work Programme: "Opening of Member State operated RIs to the full European user community". This will enable researchers to make decisive contributions to the grand societal challenges in energy supply and climate change via actions. ECCSEL will also make research facilities and services systematically available for higher education and training and as well as incorporating its own training strategy. This in turn has a significant impact on the skills and capabilities of the next generation of engineers and researcher specialising in topics related to CCS, which will subsequently contribute to enhance the European knowledge base.

2.1.3 Addressing European environmental and societal priorities
The United Nations ranks climate change as the most severe issue of our time. Nonetheless, in some nations the issue of security of energy supply appears to represent an even more severe concern. Since energy demand is expected to grow in the foreseeable future, these issues can hardly be resolved unless a larger part of the global energy is provided with less greenhouse gas emissions.

CCS is seen as a key technology in tackling climate change. The IEA anticipates that CCS will contribute 19% of the emissions reductions required world-wide by 2050. The IEA further anticipates that the level should be as high as 24% within OECD Europe. (It should be noted, however, that in OECD Europe this does not solely apply to the power sector, as 50% of the reductions must be achieved within industry.)

IEA analyses also tell us that without CCS, the overall cost of reducing emissions to 2005 levels by 2050 will increase significantly.

Against this back-drop the impact of ECCSEL is deemed to be significant.

Furthermore, in order for ECCSEL to have the expected impact in Europe, concepts for mitigating the CO2 emission in industrial processes must become an essential part of ECCSEL.

2.2 Measures to maximise impact

2.2.1 Dissemination and exploitation of results
ECCSEL dissemination and exploitation activities are designed in order to bring high value scientific and technical information to the scientific community to make better use of the results and follow up by the industrial stakeholders, as well as to influence policy making. Our dissemination activities will be lined up along the following channels and will be a continuous action within WP6:
• Running the ECCSEL web portal with dedicated parts for external dissemination purposes i.e. events, announcement, publications designated to satisfy the needs of the different stakeholder groups involved in ECCSEL (Governments, Research Funding Agencies, EC, private sector, scientific community) (WP6)
• Pursuing different types of workshop and information days dedicated to spreading knowledge among the prospective users, disseminating the outcome of the Transnational Access programme and interact with the stakeholders (WP6)
• Promotion of project results and interaction with different organizations and channels such the European Technology Platform for Zero Emission Fossil Power Plants (ZEP) and the European Energy Research Alliance (WP4, WP6)
• Provision of Training activities to the users of infrastructure and spreading good practices (WP5)

The outcome of the project will mainly result in achieving the required maturity for implementing ECCSEL as a pan European research infrastructure and enable a future sustainable operation during the advanced ECCSEL phase. Thus the results of this project will be exploited in two directions:
• For advancing the operation and further investments in laboratories, research facilities and installations,
• For ensuring the sustainability of ECCSEL – by attracting and gaining the trust of sponsors, investors and users of ECCSEL and enlarging the membership.

Strategy for Knowledge Management:
As the purpose of ECCSEL is to facilitate research by non-members, ECCSEL will follow the following directions regarding intellectual property rights:
• The ECCSEL Board in accordance with the strategies decided by the General Assembly shall manage other intellectual property rights relating to the ECCSEL research infrastructure per se.
• Other intellectual property rights relating to the ECCSEL research infrastructure per se shall be managed by the ECCSEL Board in accordance with the strategies decided by the General Assembly.
• ECCSEL shall ensure that users agree to the terms and conditions governing the access to results and intellectual property rights of results, and that suitable security arrangement is in place regarding internal storage and handling.
• ECCSEL shall have in place well defined arrangements for investigating allegations of security breaches and confidentiality disclosures regarding research data and information.
• ECCSEL shall provide guidance to researchers to ensure that research performed with material made accessible through ECCSEL shall be undertaken within a framework that recognises and acknowledges the rights of ECCSEL.

A detailed Intellectual Property Rights Policy, approved by the General Assembly, shall be separately agreed by the parties operating the ECCSEL facilities and be part of the Consortium Agreement for this particular project. Regarding scientific publications generated by the users in connection with Transnational Access programme, an open access publishing policy will be implemented choosing either self-archiving (green open access) or open access publishing (gold open access).

2.2.2 Communication activities
Objectives: Communication activities during the course of this project will be carried out according to the principles of the ECCSEL Communication Strategy , developed during the preparatory phase with the objective to:
• Attract the interest and engage relevant stakeholders including institutions and industrial players seeking involvement in ECCSEL in actions devoted to integrating activities and joint research
• Convince funding agencies in member states and associated countries, regional funds as well as industries to invest in ECCSEL operations
• Demonstrate the feasibility of ECCSEL (i.e. included in ESFRI, support of MS)
• Ensure science outreach and public awareness and understanding of the societal potential of CCS.
• Change behaviour and perceptions where necessary through CCS public outreach
• Promote CCS technologies as a tool for climate change mitigation

Target Audiences: ECCSEL audiences are truly global in extent and are therefore very diverse. In its communications and outreach activities, ECCSEL will take the specific context of different countries into account, which may require tailor-made outreach activities. Broader audiences, such as industry and research community have a special interest for ECCSEL. While these are not primary audiences of the immediate communications efforts, ECCSEL should look for ways to ensure that information is available and accessible for these audiences.

Following this guidance, three main categories have been identified and represent the audiences that ECCSEL should approach:
• Policy Makers: EC, Members States, European Parliament, EU Policy think tank regulators
• Industry; technology provides, end–users, SMEs
• Research and Academics Institutions

Different and suitable tools have been utilized depending on the target audience to be approached at this stage of ECCSEL project including:
• Media: Press releases, Meetings and networking, Visits to ECCSEL facilities
• Online Campaign: Website, Social Network, Advertising
• Events: Workshops, Visit to ECCSEL Facilities, Conferences
• Educational Campaigns: Grants, Promotional materials
The clearest way to measure the progress of the plan is to compare it with predefined objectives

Monitoring the impact of communication activities:
Evaluating the effectiveness and impact of communication activities and tools implies to analyse project communication plan, media outreach strategy and internal communication as a whole. The evaluation process:
• Improves the effectiveness: Developing a communication plan is an essential first step. But without a thought through evaluation strategy, there is no way of knowing if the plan is working or not.
• Can help effectively to engage with the audience: Throughout implementation, evaluation can help to find ways to gather feedback from the audiences and learn how they are responding to ECCSEL messages.
• Helps to collect valuable information in order to propose tactical and strategic adjustments.
• Helps to allocate resources wisely. Evaluation can help determine whether the communication investments could be redistributed more effectively to achieve the desired results.
A continuous follow-up and control system in the communication plan will enable ECCSEL to monitor progress and implement corrective measures if necessary. Furthermore, the control and evaluation system could identify specific measure pointers to some communication tools, for example the number of visits/hits to the website (including the origin, time of reading, etc.) or a satisfaction survey after visiting facilities or attending seminars (in these cases we will have also direct feedback from the stakeholder.

2.3 Socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far
The establishment of ECCSEL as a legal entity is progressing well with more initial partner countries expected to sign to be founding members than initially anticipated.
The first two transnational access (TA) calls were received well and there broad interest in Europe. A number of EU financed TA research projects have now been completed and the first results will be published in the near future."

Related information

Record Number: 195021 / Last updated on: 2017-02-20
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