Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


AGENT Report Summary

Project ID: 699313
Funded under: H2020-EU.

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - AGENT (Adaptive self-Governed aerial Ecosystem by Negotiated Traffic)

Reporting period: 2016-08-01 to 2017-01-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

ATC interventions to preserve safety distances between aircraft have some inherent shortages when scalability problems arise, that can lead to well-known saturation of capacity in front of an increment of the traffic demand. To address the safety-net drawbacks in present and future air traffic, the project AGENT claims for a collaborative, orchestrated and proactive separation management system considering a socio-technological approach in which both human behavior and automation will play an important role. The concept seeks for a time horizon extension in the conflict resolution process, in order to achieve better compatibility among the safety layers.
AGENT aims at contributing to enhancement of the overall performance of the air transport system, mainly targeting the separation management layer and its connections with trajectory management and collision avoidance. The overall performance of the system shall increase primarily by maintaining safety, and improving the efficiency for all agents of the system.
AGENT addresses the following key objectives:
• To propose an innovative automation-based future system design supporting a shift from a nowadays centrally controlled ATM system to a distributed system, in which aircraft and ATC collaborate to form adaptive aerial ecosystems, to find an optimal compromise accounting for safety, capacity and cost-efficiency aspects.
• To develop ATC- and Pilot-side decision making tools to transform aircraft and ATC into intelligent agents that can communicate with each other using machine-to-machine interfaces.
• To build ontology for knowledge representation, reasoning and machine-to-machine communication between intelligent agents.
• To verify the AGENT tools using real traffic information and validate results by means of the scenarios in a simulated environment with traceable and transparent information.
• To demonstrate and quantify the potential for the innovative ATM design to provide benefits in safety, capacity and efficiency of ATM operations, ensuring a wider acceptance of the research results.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

T1.1: Automated ATM requirements and T1.2: Ecosystems evaluation strategy have been successfully elaborated in previous reporting period through D1.1: Report on AGENT functional and non-functional requirements and D1.2 – Report on the tools evaluation strategy. Both deliverables have been improved in line with the SJU Assessment Criteria. T1.3 described the designing procedure for the Open Demonstrator providing the main modules for the analysis of different traffic scenarios with different levels of complexity in which the tools could be tested in terms of safety, capacity and efficiency of operations.T1.3 ended up with the deliverable D1.3 – Report on the design of Open Demonstrator and reached the milestone MS2 – Open Demonstrator formalized.
T2.1: Multi-objective state space analysis tool generates a model for searching the feasible conflict-free resolutions. The task will be completed in the next reporting period with D2.1: Release of the multi-objective state space analysis tool, which will also achieve the milestone MS4: E-TCAS Decision Making Tools released.
T3.1 foresees a model for the probabilistic forecasting focusing on the automatic identification of clusters considering the traffic density assessment and then identification of those trajectories in the cluster evolving to ecosystem.
Finalization of T3.1 is provided with the deliverable D3.1: Release of the conflict/collision probabilistic forecasting tool. T3.2 summarizes an initial development of the smart monitoring tool, intended to provide relevant information to Air Traffic Control and airspace users about complexity of the negotiation process for each ecosystem resolution. T3.2 has been completed with deliverable D3.2: Release of the analytics tool. T3.3 focuses on development of the algorithms for imposing a set of resolution trajectories in case of deadlock scenarios. T3.3 has been completed with D3.3: Release of the resolution trajectory generation algorithms.
The task T4.1: Ontology definition elaborated the ontology to support the communication and collaboration among agents. The communication mechanisms are described by a negotiation protocols that build a general interaction strategy and its specific implementation. T4.1 was completed with deliverable D4.1: Report on the ontology.
WP5 started with a match of the requirements with the proposed design of the tools, that was developed in D1.3. Furthermore, functional and non-functional requirements applying to each tool are taken into consideration. T5.1: Tools Verification initialized a clear vision in a verification process of the Open Demonstrator system architecture. The framework has been defined for testing of required functions for the separate modules as well as the interfaces between the modules. D51: Verification Report will be reported in the next reporting period.
T6.1: Elaboration of Dissemination and Communication Strategy and Impact Assessment has been finalized in previous period, and the T6.2: Graphical identity, website and communication material and T6.4: Sustainability and Exploitation Strategy & Actions are progressing until the end of the project. T6.1 was formalized though D6.1: Set-up of a communication and dissemination strategy and plan. T6.4 Sustainability and Exploitation Strategy & Actions is currently under development to carry out deliverables D6.2 and D6.3. D6.2: Exploitation Plan aims at ensuring the sustainability of the project beyond its life-time. It is currently in the pending process of acceptance.
WP7 is active during the project lifetime. The objective of this work package is to ensure an efficient and active coordination of the project through administrative, organizational tasks and monitoring of the financial components of the project. D7.1: Project Management Plan has been elaborated in previous reporting period.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

It is expected that AGENT operational frame supports:
• Highly automated ATM environment with minimal human intervention, by shifting the decision making process from the ATC system to the ecosystem’s agents.
• Friendly human interaction within highly automated system. Ecosystems strive to facilitation of the airborne and ground-based human interactions through development of novel operational procedures.
• State space search for an optimal compromised solution in the Ecosystem Resolution process.
The AGENT impact will be kept viable in the following aspects:
- Demonstration and quantification of the potential for higher levels of automation as well as provision of the benefits in safety, capacity and efficiency of ATM operations.
- Expression of the potential for improved cost-effectiveness and contributions to decision support techniques for safety-critical situations.
An extent, to which the expected impact of results will be achieved, is foreseen two-fold:
- Cooperation between the consortium members in the scope of developed AGENT tools will certainly produce an impact on the overall project scope, especially if considering different orientations of business and scientific communities.
- Collaborative networking between the AGENT consortium and other organizations, such as SESAR JU, EUROCONTROL, etc.

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