Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP7

LiquidPower Report Summary

Project ID: 303461
Funded under: FP7-JTI
Country: Denmark

Final Report Summary - LIQUIDPOWER (Fuel cell systems and Hydrogen supply for Early markets)

Executive Summary:
The overall purpose and ambition of LiquidPower is to conduct R&D of:

• A new generation of low-temperature PEM (LT-PEM) fuel cell systems for MH and BT markets that are to reach full commercial targets at volume production

• An onsite methanol reformer that can that can ensure access to low cost hydrogen

The most important specified objectives were:

• Materials Handling price below €1.800/kW @ 5.000 unit production
• Material handling fuel cell system efficiency 52-55%
• Material Handling Peak power output from fuel cell 10-30 kW
• Material Handling Vehicle breaking energy adsorptive capacity 30 kWh
• Material Handling Peak power output from hybridization 60kW
• Backup Power price below €1.300/kW @ 5.000 unit production
• Backup Power fuel cell system efficiency of 45%
• Backup Power capable of operating in -40 to 50°C
• Backup Power lifetime of +4000 hours of operation and min 1000 startups and shutdowns
• Backup Power integrated with SNMP protocol
• Fuel Processor – Start-up time at ambient conditions, target 60 min
• Fuel Processor efficiency – target > 45 %
• Fuel Processor (FP) – Pressurized system with a target of 6-9 bar
• Fuel Processor – Hydrogen capacity, target 10 Nm3/h
• Fuel Processor – Hydrogen purity, target 99,9500%
• Fuel processor – Hydrogen outlet price, target 4€/liter MeOH
• Fuel Processor – Manufacture costs, target (1.000 units) ≈ 1.196 €/Nm3/h produced H2

We have had a lot of challenges during the project and experienced severe time pressure especially with regards to Materials Handling (that Dantherm Power took over from H2Logic very late in the project). Never the less in the end we managed to succeed or come very close to the targets we initially set up. So we definitely consider the Liquid Power project a success.

Project Context and Objectives:
The LiquidPower project addresses the topic “SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.4.3 aiming on developing a new generation fuel cell systems for the early markets of back-up-power/telecom (BT) and material handling vehicles (MH) as well as a new innovative hydrogen supply method based on onsite methanol reforming.

The project will be conducted by a consortium of European companies that for several years have invested significantly in developing and testing hydrogen, fuel cell and reforming technology for the addressed markets.

Dantherm Power A/S (DANT) and H2 Logic A/S (H2L) have reached a technology level with large scale demonstration and early market deployment taking place for the MH and BT markets. Next step is R&D of new generation fuel cell systems that are to reach full commercial targets by 2015. Volume build up on present generations are enabling early market deployment, however new Research & Development (R&D) activities are needed in order to reach full commercial targets on cost, efficiency and durability. During the course of the project H2 Logic A/S have transferred all fuel cell activities to Dantherm Power and terminated it’s project participation.

Catator AB (CAT) have developed and marketed proprietary reforming catalysts and reforming technologies since 1990 for use in burners for heat production, fuel processors and fuel cell applications.

Use of the technology to reform methanol onsite as supply of hydrogen fuel to the BT and MH markets holds a significant market potential. However this requires further R&D of the reforming technology to meet higher capacities, higher efficiencies and lifetime as well as significantly higher outlet pressures.

To address these challenges Zentrum für Brennstoffzellen Technik GmbH (ZBT) is to contribute to the project with years of R&D efforts within reforming technologies. In total the project partners together also covers the entire value chain and holds all disciplines and technologies required for providing a fully working fuel cell system and supporting hydrogen supply for the addressed markets. Thus the R&D activities within the LiquidPower can lead directly to following market exploitation through product maturation and marketing activities.

All project partners are European based with headquarter and R&D facilities located in Europe and thus all the hydrogen and fuel cell technologies are developed in Europe by Europeans. Thus the project partners constitute a consortium that can ensure a successful European commercialization and a success story within the area of hydrogen and fuel cell technology.

The overall purpose and ambition of LiquidPower is to conduct R&D of:

•Νew generation of low-temperature PEM (LT-PEM) fuel cell systems for MH and BT markets that are to reach full commercial targets at volume production

•An onsite methanol reformer that can that can ensure access to low cost hydrogen

For the fuel cell systems sharing of learning and knowledge as well as volume gearing of components across the MH and BT markets can provide synergies that may contribute to the reaching of full commercial targets. Basing the fuel cell technology on LT-PEM ensures access to low cost and mature technology where scaling of volume production is already taking place. In comparison HT-PEM technology (which enables onboard/integrated reforming) has not yet reached the same stage of maturity and production and thus commercialization will be later.

The onsite methanol production holds the potential for providing hydrogen at very low costs for the MH and BT markets, compared to e.g. trucked-in hydrogen, and much earlier than electrolysis that still requires substantial breakthrough on e.g. efficiency. The cost of hydrogen is a key component in the total cost of ownership (TCO) for the MH and BT markets, and as these markets are among the earliest to reach market introduction, availability of low cost hydrogen early on is important. In comparison with onboard/integrated reforming the stationary use onsite provides less strict targets for the reformer which again enables earlier commercial use. So the technology selection enables the project to benefit from low cost and mass-production ready LT-PEM technology whilst still having access to low cost hydrogen from methanol reforming. This way commercialization can commence earlier and in parallel with continued long term R&D of e.g. HT-PEM and onboard/integrated reforming technologies.

The most important LiquidPower project objectives are:

• Materials Handling price below €1.800/kW @ 5.000 unit production
• Material handling fuel cell system efficiency 52-55%
• Material Handling Peak power output from fuel cell 10-30 kW
• Material Handling Vehicle breaking energy adsorptive capacity 30 kWh
• Material Handling Peak power output from hybridization 60kW
• Backup Power price below €1.300/kW @ 5.000 unit production
• Backup Power fuel cell system efficiency of 45%
• Backup Power capable of operating in -40 to 50°C
• Backup Power lifetime of +4000 hours of operation and min 1000 startups and shutdowns
• Backup Power integrated with SNMP protocol
• Fuel Processor – Start-up time at ambient conditions, target 60 min
• Fuel Processor efficiency – target > 45 %
• Fuel Processor (FP) – Pressurized system with a target of 6-9 bar
• Fuel Processor – Hydrogen capacity, target 10 Nm3/h
• Fuel Processor – Hydrogen purity, target 99,9500%
• Fuel processor – Hydrogen outlet price, target 4€/liter MeOH
• Fuel Processor – Manufacture costs, target (1.000 units) ≈ 1.196 €/Nm3/h produced H2

Project Results:
Attached as a PDF file

Potential Impact:
Attached as a PDF file

List of Websites:
Project Manager Kristina Fløche Juelsgaard Ballard Europe A/S kfj@Ballardeurope.com

Related information

Reported by

DANTHERM POWER A.S
Denmark
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