Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Modern2020 Report Summary

Project ID: 662177

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Modern2020 (Development and Demonstration of monitoring strategies and technologies for geological disposal)

Reporting period: 2015-06-01 to 2016-11-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Based on the recommendations from recent international collaborative efforts on monitoring, including the outcomes of the MoDeRn Project, the overall objective of the Modern2020 Project is to provide the means for developing and implementing an effective and efficient repository operational monitoring programme, that will be driven by safety case needs, and that will take into account the requirements of specific national contexts (including inventory, host rocks, repository concepts and regulations, all differences between Member States cases) and public stakeholder expectations (particularly those of local public stakeholders around (potential) disposal sites).

The work in the Modern2020 Project addresses the following issues: i) Strategy (work package 2): development of detailed methodologies for screening safety cases to identify needs-driven repository monitoring strategies and to develop operational approaches for responding to monitoring information; ii) Technology (work package 3): carry out research and development (R&D) to solve outstanding technical issues in repository monitoring, which are related with wireless data transmission technologies, alternative long term power supplies, new sensors, geophysics, reliability and qualification of components.; iii) Demonstration and Practical Implementation (work package 4): enhance the knowledge on the operational implementation and demonstrate the performance of state-of-the-art and innovative techniques by running full-scale and in-situ experiments; iv) Societal concerns and Stakeholder Involvement (work package 5): Develop and evaluate ways for integrating public stakeholders concerns and societal expectations into repository monitoring programmes.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

From June 2015 to November 2016, the main work performed consisted of the following actions:

*Development of detailed methodologies for screening safety cases to identify needs-driven repository monitoring strategies and to develop operational approaches for responding to monitoring information (WP2)

- Developing screening methodologies to identify monitoring parameter lists for different national monitoring contexts. For this purpose, a questionnaire was distributed to WMO to collate initial information on specific monitoring approaches and specific workshops were organized. The main outcome is the delivery of Deliverable 2.1 which has been submitted for review and will be published in early 2017.
- Launching the test cases testing these methodologies for screening monitoring parameters identified.
- Carrying out a Survey addressing Decision Making to collect information regarding decision makers, responsibilities and action plans on processes that use monitoring data to make decisions on the management of each national radioactive waste repository programm

*R&D to solve outstanding technical issues in repository monitoring (WP3)

- Update of the MoDeRn State-of-the-Art (including technical readiness level) has been launched and is on-going,
- Research and development work is currently on-going on::
o wireless data transmission systems (WDT)
o power supply sources capable of extending the expected life time of the WDT as an alternative to chemical batteries.
o new sensors to measure relevant parameters when suitable probes do not exist or develop new techniques and probes when the existing ones do not comply with the required performance.
o geophysical methods.
o common methodology for qualifying the components of the monitoring system intended for repository use.

- Short descriptions of the techniques under development are being written as inputs to a pedagogical document for the stakeholders (being developed within WP5).

*Demonstration and Practical Implementation (WP4)
The work on the four following demonstrators has been launched and is progressing:
- Full scale in-situ System Test, Finland
- (A)HA Industrial Pilot Experiment, Bure (France)
- Long-Term Rock Buffer Monitoring (LTRBM), Tournemire (France)
- The Full-Scale Emplacement (FE) Experiment, Mont Terri (Switzerland) and the TEM set-up (Grimsel Test Site, Switzerland)

*Societal concerns and Stakeholder Involvement (WP5)
Obtain commitment at the local level and select participants
- Actively engaging with stakeholders on the research conducted in Modern2020 and analysing the impact this has on both the participating stakeholders’ and the project partners’ understanding of, and expectations regarding, repository monitoring.
- Stakeholders from the municipalites of Osthammar (Sweden), Dessel and Mol (Belgium) and Eurajoki (Finland) have been engaged within the project.
- Producing a report regarding national factors/decision-making structures which set boundaries to develop monitoring programmes in these countries and in France.

*Dissemination (WP6)
- Modern2020 website (
- Delivery of the Modern2020 plan for the dissemination and exploitation of the project's results

WP1 deals with the day-to-day management and coordination of the Modern2020 project.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

Modern2020 work on monitoring strategies (WP2) addresses several remaining generic issues not previously addressed in international collaborative projects. It contributes to provide approaches to define efficient and effective near-field monitoring programmes during the operational phase of geological disposal and can be used as a basis for monitoring programmes and monitoring system designs to be incorporated within license applications for repository operation.

Modern2020 is exploring a large amount of innovative methods and techniques (WP3) for assessing the monitoring strategies in an appropriate way. The research proposed in Modern2020 contributes to resolve some of the remaining technical issues for the implementation of a monitoring system in the repository (new measuring techniques, data transmission solutions, long lasting power supply sources).

The full-scale field experimental work intends to demonstrate the practical implementation of specific monitoring strategies (WP2) through several in-situ demonstrations including the application of innovative monitoring techniques (WP3) to further enhance the knowledge on the operational implementation of specific disposal monitoring.

The project understands the development of monitoring strategies and the associated technology as a process of interaction between various concerned stakeholders. Local public stakeholders are a particular group of concerned actors. As they will be the most directly affected by the implementation of the repository it is important that their concerns are addressed if they are to have confidence in the safety of the operation. Modern2020 therefore aims at improving the exchange of information and communication with local stakeholders, so that they can provide input on what they would need from a monitoring system in order to raise their confidence in a disposal system, and to provide feedback on what information is of specific need and importance to them.

Related information

Record Number: 198411 / Last updated on: 2017-05-19