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XCYCLE Report Summary

Project ID: 635975
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - XCYCLE (Advanced measures to reduce cyclists' fatalities and increase comfort in the interaction with motorised vehicles)

Reporting period: 2015-06-01 to 2016-11-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Cyclists are considered vulnerable road users because the human body is fragile and lacks protection in case of a crash. Despite the improvement in road safety in recent years they still suffer a disproportionate share of serious injuries and fatalities. According to the European Commission in Europe 2,134 people riding bicycles were killed in traffic accidents in 2012 and this trend is slightly increasing in the last two years (2,027 fatalities in 2011, 2,043 fatalities in 2010). The most fatal crash type is a collision with a motorized vehicle.
The main aim of XCYCLE is to deliver advanced technological systems, conceived to make a substantial improvement in cyclist safety in urban traffic, particularly in the interaction with passenger cars and heavy goods vehicles, thereby reducing the vulnerability of bicycle riders to serious and fatal injuries. XCYCLE systems are also intended to deliver a substantial enhancement in cyclist comfort by improving traffic signal responsiveness. XCYCLE will deliver the means to equalise the treatment of cyclists in traffic and thus to encourage cycling and to make cycling safer. The effectiveness of the developed systems will be tested in real-life conditions.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

From the beginning of the project, four deliverables were submitted: Deliverable 2.1, Deliverable 3.1, Deliverable 7.1, and Deliverable 7.2.
As planned, Work Package 2 was completed and the Deliverable 2.1 entitled “Present state of affairs” was submitted at month 12. The main objectives of Work Package 2 are (a) to investigate bicycle-motor vehicle accidents’ patterns, assessing how specific these are for different countries and (b) to obtain an overview of the state of the art of on-site, in-vehicle and on-bike systems, addressing their particular shortcomings and advantages, drawing the requirements for potential new technological solutions systems. Deliverable 2.1 contains both an overview of accidents between motorized vehicles and bicycles, considering how specific these are for ten European countries, and an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies and available systems. In the first part, data for bicycle crashes were drawn from national and governmental databases, also identifying factors contributing to bicycle-motorized vehicle collisions through a systematic literature review. The scenarios, manoeuvres, and contributing factors identified as more relevant will serve as an input for truck simulations when testing human-machine interfaces within the project. In the second part an overview of the basic technologies for detection and tracking is given, summarizing which are the pros and the cons of a particular technology, also clarifying which are the possible scenarios considered in the XCYCLE project. Different systems have been analysed according to descriptions found in documents or on websites, highlighting their main advantages and shortcomings. Results of the investigation are summarized and used to propose new technological solutions beyond the state of the art. In the conclusive section it is explained which are the practical implications for our project both in terms of detection and communication technology and in terms of the best type of human-machine interface.
The Deliverable D3.1 entitled “Specification of in-vehicle and on bicycle systems” was submitted at month 10 as planned. In Work Package 3, the XCYCLE in-vehicle and on-bicycle systems will be developed and implemented basing on the findings of WP 2. The tasks of this work package will lead to a vehicle-based detection system for vulnerable road users, a situation and risk assessment module, human-machine interface and actuation for the on‐bike and the in-vehicle systems. The Deliverable 3.1 documents an agreed top-level specification and architecture for the XCYCLE in-vehicle and on-bike systems, particularly targeting the right turn and left turn scenarios involving truck and cyclist. The in-vehicle system is defined to function using only on-board sensors for the right turn function while the on-bike system will use wireless technology for the communication and localization of bike positioning, providing information with high accuracy to the Risk Assessment module.
As planned, the Deliverable D7.1 entitled “Project website” was submitted at month 3, while the Deliverable 7.2 entitled “Communication materials” was submitted at month 6. Work Package 7 encompass the communication activities aimed at raising awareness on the project and promoting its findings to various audiences, including groups beyond the project's own community, and measures for public/societal engagement. The work package will carry out three different activities: (1) dissemination activities that are targeted at disseminating the project results to their potential users; (2) exploitation activities, that are focused on the identification of exploitable results generated by the project and on preparation of their future exploitation; and (3) knowledge management activities, which define the policies the consortium will apply in terms of publication policy and of policy for protection and management of the exploitable knowledge. The Deliverable 7.1 presents the XCYCLE Project communication materials which are developed to illustrate and promote the project main characteristics, objectives, activities progress, achievements, and results. The aim is to provide both the domain audience and the public with up-to-date information about the project, throughout its entire duration. This Deliverable 7.2 presents the XCYCLE Project communication materials, developed to illustrate and promote the project main characteristics, objectives, activities progress, achievements and results.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

"XCYCLE will contribute to the promotion of cycling and will give particular attention to cyclists’ safety and comfort, developing safer infrastructure and advanced vehicle technologies. The crash costs of cycling are higher that than those of car driving while the total costs of cycling, including air pollution, traffic noise, and savings from reduced absence from work, are lower than those of driving a car. The expected impact of XCYCLE is to reduce the crash costs of cycling. On-bike, in-vehicle and infrastructure-based technology delivered within XCYCLE will help in reducing bicycle crashes in the interaction with motorized vehicles. Inattention, or failure to notice the cyclist, is a contributing factor frequently reported. XCYCLE will develop systems and technologies that can assist the driver or the cyclists to avoid collisions. XCYCLE will contribute to the Transport White Paper's ""Vision Zero"" objectives because it will focus on vehicle-infrastructure interfaces and cooperative systems, paying attention to the specific needs of cyclists. The focus will be on provision of information to road users and improved detection of bicyclists."

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