Renewable energy in the EC/US - external costs of fuel cycle projects.
Rational environmental management requires knowledge of the environmental and social (e.g. employment) impacts which result from various energy cycles, and an assessment of their cost. In the majority of countries no such assessment has yet been made, therefore these external costs are not yet internalized by market forces or government regulations. The aim of this work, which forms part of the ExternE project, was to quantify the external costs (and benefits) of various renewable energy cycles in Portugal and the United Kingdom using existing information and available methods. The objective of this study was to develop a methodological approach for assessing external costs by implementing the ExternE methodology in Portugal and the United Kingdom through case studies. Assessment of the external costs of biomass, biogas and hydro-technologies were carried out to provide an estimate of the environmental costs of power and heat generation in Portugal. Preliminary external costs of photovoltaics have been evaluated for the United Kingdom. Thgis study has contributed to the future definition of a common accounting framework for internalising externalities in Europe.
Record Number: 22157 / Last updated on: 1999-04-23
Collaboration sought: Joint venture agreement, Marketing agreement, Financial support, Manufacturing agreement, Further research or development support, Information exchange/Training, Licence agreement