Forschungs- & Entwicklungsinformationsdienst der Gemeinschaft - CORDIS

FP5

REBUS Berichtzusammenfassung

Project ID: ENG1-CT-1999-00001
Gefördert unter: FP5-EESD
Land: Netherlands

Energy sector and the effects of renewable electricity

This result gives an insight in expectations and requirements from the energy sector on the effects of burden sharing for renewable electricity.

The renewable electricity targets, negotiated by the European Commission and national governments, will have to be realised by stakeholders (utilities, traders, and consumers of electricity). What is the stakeholders' opinion on the target setting, on the design of a trading system and its practical implementation and monitoring aspects? Utilities and consumer organisations in Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom have been asked to comment on these issues. The utilities take a critical view of their position in the renewable energy market and possible future international trading scheme. The main conclusions from the interviews are:

- Generally, target setting and burden sharing are regarded political questions, on which governments should decide.

- Stakeholders emphasise that it is of vital importance that ambitious targets are supported by a reliable trading system. The role of governments in providing a good monitoring system is stressed; double counting should be avoided.

- There is a general preference for an obligatory over a voluntary target system. Almost all interviewees prefer a fine above other sanctions for penalising non-compliance.

- The general feeling is that international trade between different systems cannot be successful. Doubts are expressed regarding trade between voluntary and obligatory systems. Reciprocity conditions are considered important to prevent for subsidy flows between countries.

- For an international trading system to be successful, harmonisation of the definition of RES-E is regarded essential, and clarity on the definition underlying the current targets is required.

- Targets in the Draft Directive are, to the surprise of most interviewees, quite favourable for the countries under consideration. Several interviewees ask for more transparency on how the EU directive has been developed.

- When asked for their preferences regarding burden sharing options, many interviewees tend to consider what is most favourable for their own country. There are differing opinions on what is a ‘fair’ division of targets.

Reported by

ECN - Netherlands Energy Research Foundation
Badhuisweg 3
1031 CM Amsterdam
Netherlands
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