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FP5

BIO FLAM Informe resumido

Project ID: ENK5-CT-1999-00004
Financiado con arreglo a: FP5-EESD
País: Germany

Status report on secondary fuel application in European power generation

In line with the European energy related goals and accounting for environmental and socio-economic aspects the thermal utilisation of recovered fuels in pulverised fuel (pf) fired power plants is a shortly available way to achieve the White Paper target of 6Mtoe of biomass fuels being used in co-firing plants. Recovered fuels are inhomogeneous fractions with a large share of CO2-neutral or less carbon intensive amounts. Considering this the utilisation of recovered fuels offers a CO2 reduction potential of up to 90% in comparison to carbon intensive fuel such as coal. The available potential of recovered fuels is suitable to replace a share of coal in existing coal-fired power stations shortly.

Currently most of the waste materials in Europe are deposited on landfills (efficiency 0%). Consumption of land, long-term reactions on the landfills and emission of green house gases (GHG) have a negative influence on the living conditions in Europe. This mirrored the need of a sustainable modern waste management system encouraging reduction, reuse, recycling and recovery measures. The state-of-the-art alternative is the thermal treatment of waste in a waste incineration plant at costs of 90Euros/t at best. The cost savings of the proposed co-combustion against waste incineration are above 70%. A further benefit of the co-combustion approach is that the energy content of the recovered fuels will be transformed into electricity in pulverised fuel fired power plant at high efficiencies (> 40%) compared to about 20% in a waste incineration and 0% in the landfill. This reduces CO2 emissions in electricity production.

The status report based on information of the project partners on publications and information available by internet. The report include information about 16 European countries and focus on country specific criteria, laws and experience by pf co-combustion of recovered fuels.

The status report could only give an extraction of the European co-combustion activities. This depends on the confidentially of experience and mirrored the competition on the energy market.

Reported by

RWE POWER AG
50104 Bergheim Niederaubem
Germany
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