Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP5

VIVALDI Report Summary

Project ID: 11958
Funded under: FP5-GROWTH
Country: Germany

City logistic scheme/freight village in Bremen (Germany)

Result Description:
According to the contract amendment, the following tasks should be performed:
- Testing and implementation of efficient city logistics goods distribution with two low emission trucks (CNG and bio diesel; see also WP 5.2)
- Optimising routes by using modernized IT-communication equipment;
- Bundling of delivery trips to big shopping malls and testing a new city-centre oriented concept;
- Negotiations with shop keepers for a demonstration on a delivery service from Point-of-Sale to Delivery Points (e.g. garages) or home delivery.

In the initial measure template the implementation of four low emission vehicles (7.5 to - 12 to) for City Logistics delivery was intended. 4 routes were set up for bundling transports inside and outside of Bremen. (Dodenhof, Edeka, Daimler Chrysler, Metro).

It was impossible to purchase a CNG-truck of size 7.5to - 12.0to gross weight due to non-delivery or too high purchasing costs. Nevertheless City logistics bought a bio-diesel truck to assess the economic and ecological impacts and to test the new online telematics systems. City Logistik does not use the developed telematics system, which optimises different routes, because the company does not need it for their new transport concept.

Who are the end-users of this result?
Freight operators in the Central Business District of the Bremen inner city and shopping centres in the suburban area as well as in the region (Weserpark and Dodenhof in the East of Bremen).

Main innovative features/benefits (technical/commercial success factors)
Since 2000/2001 a strong increase of courier, express and parcel services occurred, as well as more efficient logistics concepts within the German retail sector. As a result, economic groupage-transports into the city centre of Bremen could not be increased, only stabilised. Against this background, groupage-transports into the urban fringe of Bremen were successfully strengthened, building a core element of the economic basis of CL-activities in Bremen.

Market or application sectors & possible applications
To provide more efficient and cleaner transport to key target areas such as city centres or regional shopping centres remains a difficult task Potential barriers City logistics have to deal with several structural problems and developments.

The following list gives an overview of different barriers for a growth of city logistics:
- The CL service usually only includes transport services (value-added- services are often missing)
- Fluctuation/variation of the sending quantity / low level of “classic” CL-goods (approx. 20% market share)
- Cooperation-structure of City-Logistics (almost no retailers but only forwarders) - high intensity of competition
- Telematics problems: Exchange of data, collecting activity, different interfaceso Corporate identity problematico Missing regulatory political preference of the CL vehicleso Atomisation of the sending-sizes (more and smaller shipments - the grouping of the goods is difficult) with very small courier services (often offered from free-lancers)
- Intense growth of the courier-, express- and parcel-services (“ebay-sation“)
- Economic problems after ending the model of financial support, for example the high costs of the grouping of the goods endangers the economic success A city logistics company which is fixed on delivering to the city centre is not viable.

Successful companies make most of their profit by serving clients with special needs and by delivering to other “problem areas”. In order to sustain city logistic companies, regulatory policy support is needed. Some kind of prioritisation in terms of delivery times or exclusive access is also required. Regarding the use of CNG trucks, the situation is even worse.

The vehicle manufacturers are obviously not taking the risk to push CNG in road freight transport. As stated in the implementation report: “Promising advertising of CNG trucks from car manufacturers always ended up with disappointing offers.

Announcements of the new DING-technology (direct-injection natural gas engines) are only running as field tests with one truck and will not be on the market before 2006. Volvo will produce a new diesel truck, which will fulfil EURO V standards in late 2004 and totally abandoned the CNG-programme. Mercedes will not produce 7.5 to 12.0 to CNG trucks, because the research department is focusing on fuel cell and hydrogen technology.” The plan to buy at least one vehicle at the end of the VIVALDI project failed in June 2005, because a promised and advertised truck (IVECO EUROCARGO 12.0 to CNG) has not been delivered due to a sudden management decision.

Related information

Reported by

GVZ-City-Logistik Bremen GmbH
Ludwig-Erhard-Strasse 6
28197 Bremen
Germany
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