Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

FP5

VIVALDI Report Summary

Project ID: 11958
Funded under: FP5-GROWTH
Country: Germany

Walking and cycling measures in Bremen (Germany)

To maintain and raise the comparatively high modal share of over 20% of trips in Bremen by bicycles, the cycle network requires improvements through closing certain gaps and more unconventional solutions that may include restricting car use.

The Targeted Plan for Cycling has been approved and some significant elements of it are implemented within the VIVALDI project: A contraflow lane for cyclists was set up in the ‘Lahnstraße’ to improve the physical safety of cyclists. A set of traffic lights was installed at a crossing and small construction measures. Road space was reallocated at a through road in the northern part of the Neustadt area (Hohentorsheerstraße).

The width of the road lane has been reduced, new cycle paths have been built and a roundabout has been set up in order to improve the physical safety and convenience of cycling. Road space was reallocated in Langemarckstraße, one of Neustadt’s main shopping and main traffic streets.

Over the course of the large construction works (20 months) the road lane has been renewed, new rails and stops have been set up for the tram, vegetation and trees have been planted and new cycle tracks, cycle stands and walking paths have been built. Waiting areas at PT stops and cycle paths have been strictly separated. Pedestrians, cyclists and PT users now have better and safer conditions to travel, particularly in comparison to car users.

The closing of the gap in the cycle network (Senator-Apelt Str.) has not been evaluated because the measure has only recently been implemented and does not show any impacts yet. As this cycle path is mainly used for long distance leisure purposes, measurable impacts are very likely to occur in summer 2006. The strongest improvements apparently happened in the Langemarckstraße, where the before situation has been assessed by a third of the respondents as “very unsafe”.

New cycling regulations in the Lahnstraße also have a clear positive impact, even though they are not of the size as those for the Langemarckstraße. The cyclists considered the new measure in the Hohentorsheerstraße less positive with regards to safety, as nearly 30% don’t feel safe when cycling there. This is likely to be due to the new roundabout.

Cyclists believe that car drivers frequently either do not realize or accept the priority given to cyclists at this roundabout. More than 10% of the respondents stated that they would cycle more frequently because of the new cycle paths. Even though the construction work has not been finished in some parts of the Langemarckstraße, the majority of the residents stated that the look of the street has been (or will be) improved and that quality of life has become (or will be) more attractive due to the measures.

The respondents could also make free statements to open-end questions concerning the pros and cons of the measures. 110 positive and 104 negative statements have been given. The appearance of the street and the new vegetation has been appreciated the most followed by the measures dedicated to cyclists, pedestrians, PT users and car drivers.

Most criticism relates to the side effects of the construction works. Half of the negative statements are complaints about the construction works and a fifth are by those not satisfied with the new road and the offer of parking spaces. In general, shopkeepers’ acceptance of the measures is in line with that of the residents.

Target users are Neustadt citizens of all ages as well as visitors and people passing through the suburb. Main innovative features/benefits Bridging gaps in the cycle network through unconventional measures: Contra-flow cycling on one-way streets; integration into access management (reduction of car spaces) and PT improvements (extended kerbstone at stops). Market or application sectors & possible applications

The composition of this workpackage changed a lot during VIVALDI. Some of the initially proposed elements had to be delivered at other locations in the VIVALDI corridor. However, these elements were not abandoned, only postponed. In addition, two new elements (Langemarckstr., Sen. Apeltstr.) have been integrated. The change is mainly caused by other priorities in the planning department. Restricting car use by introducing 30 km speed zones and one-way road networks are an essential precondition for the growth of cycling and walking in urban areas. Even small measures can cause significant changes.

Potential barriers Evaluation has shown that there has been hardly any opposition to the walking and cycling measures by the users. Except for the disturbances caused by the construction works, all measures have been well accepted. The Bremen Senate for building, environment and traffic is aiming to establish a cycle-network, to improve the safety of cyclists and to integrate the measures for cyclists into other projects by making schemes transparent within the administration and integrating new partners (i.e. chamber of commerce).

Reported by

The Senate for Construction, Environment and Transport
Ansgaritorstr. 2
28195 Bremen
Germany
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