Forschungs- & Entwicklungsinformationsdienst der Gemeinschaft - CORDIS


ECHAINE Berichtzusammenfassung

Project ID: ENK5-CT-2002-00623
Gefördert unter: FP5-EESD
Land: Switzerland

WP(7) Socio-economic analysis - Market structures / Country summary report

- This work provides a comparative overview on the market situation and dominating energy wood production chains in selected European countries.

- For every country we start with giving an overview of the size, relevance, main activities of the forestry sector, forest ownership and forest industry.

- Then the main wood fuels are identified.
Each country has different wood energy utilisation and different potential for each fuel.

- Also regulation and energy and environmental policies have an impact on wood energy utilisation.

- Some general energy and renewable energy characteristics are included to provide background information for the market analysis.

- In the country overview the wood energy situation is discussed per country.

- We start with an inventory of the residues used for wood energy from forestry, agriculture and wood processing industry, followed by a summary of the energy consumption and production and the relevance of renewable energy.

- Energy prices, policies and regulations are shortly addressed as well.

- At the end of each chapter the barriers of wood energy utilisation are described and the most promising wood energy production chains are presented.

- In the final section of this extensive report we make a comparative analysis for the selected countries.

- We look at general indicators, such as GDP and CO2 emissions, and more specific bioenergy-related issues such as price ratios of different fuels, supply and demand of biofuels.

- Also in general the barriers of bioenergy for the various countries are compared and we try to identify common interests in a future pan-European bioenergy market.

Key innovative results:
- There are countries, where a formal wood energy market exists, including a pellet market such as in Finland, Sweden, and Germany.

- And other countries where the wood energy market is much less developed: in Greece, Portugal and to some extent Switzerland, and where the traditional use of wood is still predominant.

- And finally the two countries in transition, i.e. Bulgaria and Romania, which have high traditional use of wood energy and which have a distinctive and rapidly changing institutional setting.

Current status:
- Categories of woody biomass for fuel are logging residues generated from logging operations and industrial by-products generated by the forest industries during processing of timber, particleboard etc and re-circulated wood.

- Marketed wood fuels are logging residues, forest industry by-products, wood pellets and demolition (i.e. recycled) wood.

- Wood logs (e.g. split fire wood) are used as a direct fuel throughout Europe.

- While most traditional stoves and boilers show poor efficiency and high emissions, state of the art boilers and stoves are extremely efficient and clean-burning.

- Open fireplaces, although inefficient and polluting, are widely used for secondary heating or for lifestyle reasons.

Use potential:
- Recent developments of domestic heating equipment are focussing on fully automatic woodchip or pellet boilers that offer the same comfort as oil or gas burners.

- District heating using woodchips (and, in Denmark, straw) is significant in the Nordic countries, Austria and more recently also in parts of Germany and France.

- Significant technological progress has been made in combustion technology for these plants too.

- The use of wood residues in the wood processing industry is widespread and the equipment used can be considered mature (European Commission Atlas project).

Expected benefits:
- In general a switch from fossil fuels to wood energy leads to a decrease in negative environmental impacts of energy use.

- In addition wood energy exerts socio-economic co-benefits such as economic development, local availability of energy sources, improved viability of forest operations, retention of extra money within the community, greater community self-reliance on energy and enhanced self-esteem.

Dissemination of the results have been carried out by 1) Using Echaine web-page, 2) Presentations at two by Echaine organised international workshops (Bulgaria and Russia), 3) Presentations at national and international seminars and workshops, 4) Scientific papers.


Reinhard MADLENER, (Head of unit)
Tel.: +41-44-6320650
Fax: +41-44-6321622
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