Servizio Comunitario di Informazione in materia di Ricerca e Sviluppo - CORDIS

FP5

ECHAINE Sintesi della relazione

Project ID: ENK5-CT-2002-00623
Finanziato nell'ambito di: FP5-EESD
Paese: Switzerland

WP(7) Socio-economic analysis - Policy measures impacts on energy wood and bioenergy prices

- Results from the socio-economic survey among the managers of wood energy using companies have been used to create a new GIS tool.

- Based on multi-criteria analysis, the user of this tool can select any of the categories e.g. European policy and a map will be created to visualise the results.

Results:
- From deliverables D20, D21, D22 and the results from this particular deliverable, the following general characteristics of the wood energy market are identified:

Market:
- Wood energy utilisation in Europe is very heterogeneous
- The wood energy markets have different historical developments
- Extent of competition at national and regional level.
- Scandinavian countries have two distinct characteristics of the wood energy market: high national and regional political influence and high participation in local decision-making

Stakeholders:
- Many stakeholders are involved, mostly at the local, but also the regional and national level
- It seems in some countries the interests of stakeholders in the wood energy market are more aligned than in others
- Managers of wood energy utilising companies have an active and versatile role.

Socio-economic factors:
- Socio-economic and cultural values: Good management of the relations between the manager and relevant stakeholders can lead to significant cost reductions
- Non-economic arguments to adopt wood energy utilisation are socio-economic arguments, envi-ronmental concerns, community participation, publicity

Wood fuel supply:
- The supplier relationships vary widely.
- Wood fuel supply uncertainty is very much a local matter, but can nevertheless be influenced by regional and national policies as well

Locality:
- Price perception and price formation can be very much a local matter: wood fuel prices might dif-fer locally, according to existing local competition, wood fuels availability and other conditions.

Key innovative results:
Differences in perception between wood fuel using and non-wood fuel using companies managers:
- There is a difference in perception between managers of companies that have just started to use wood fuels, managers that have never used and those have been using for a long time.
- Managers of companies that have just started to use replied more positively about the technical and economical feasibility of wood fuel utilisation.

- The managers from the firms that had just started to use wood fuels, tend to see the transportation, labour, capital and distribution costs as no obstacle.
- Managers of non-wood fuel companies seem to be more optimistic of the conditions of banks to finance renewable energy investments.
- The manager of companies which use wood fuels are more pessimistic.

Current status:
- Policies that have an impact on wood fuel and wood energy utilisation rates are very diverse.
- The policies can try to influence absolute and relative prices of wood fuels, investment costs, operation costs, or user costs.
- In many countries no specific wood energy policies exist and wood energy utilisation is more indirectly influenced by for example climate change policies and general renewable energy programs.
- Be-sides the policies that directly and indirectly influence wood fuel and wood energy utilisation there are the policies that hamper or inhibit wood fuel and wood energy production and use.

Use potential:
- In this deliverable the main obstacles for wood fuel and wood energy utilisation are derived from a survey among managers of wood fuel using and non-wood fuel using companies.
- From these results it is derived why some managers may use or produce bioenergy even though it is not considered economically feasible (by some) and why others do opt not to use or produce bioenergy even though it is considered economically feasible (by some).

Dissemination:
Dissemination of the results have been carried out by 1) Using Echaine web-page, 2) Presentations at two by Echaine organised international workshops (Bulgaria and Russia), 3) Presentations at national and international seminars and workshops, 4) Scientific papers.

Informazioni correlate

Contatto

Reinhard MADLENER, (Head of unit)
Tel.: +41-44-6320650
Fax: +41-44-6321622
E-mail