Wspólnotowy Serwis Informacyjny Badan i Rozwoju - CORDIS

A method to directly identify stylet-secreted proteins from infective juveniles of root knot nematodes

The stylet secretions produced by plant parasitic root-knot nematodes are thought to be pathogenicity factors involved in the invasion of the root tissue and in the induction and maintenance of feeding cells. A new procedure was established that allowed the direct qualitative analysis of proteins secreted by Meloidogyne incognita infective juveniles. Purified proteins whose isoelectric point (pI ) ranged from 5.0 to 7.5 were separated by two-dimensional (2D) electrophoresis and the seven most abundant proteins were identified by micro-sequencing. A calreticulin (CRT) was isolated and transcription of its gene in infective juveniles and adults was demonstrated. Moreover, evidence for expression of the CRT in the subventral oesophageal glands of infective juveniles was obtained. The potential roles of this secreted protein in pathogenesis and the advantages of developing this strategy to obtain new insights into plant-nematode interactions are discussed.

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