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FP5

SMART Report Summary

Project ID: ICA3-CT-2002-10006
Funded under: FP5-INCO 2
Country: Tunisia

D09.1 Case Study Report (Tunisia): Due to its geographical position, Tunisia is an arid to semi arid country for the major part of its territory

Due to its geographical position, Tunisia is an arid to semi arid country for the major part of its territory. Added to the capriciousness of the Mediterranean climate, this situation makes not only a scarce resource but also one that is unevenly distributed in space and time.

During the last decade, the Mediterranean basin and specially the costal zones faced several kinds of environment degradation. The coastal zones of Hammamet were dominated by the urban and touristic infrastructure extension. We can also notice an increase in the agriculture and industry development that involves an overexploitation of water resources. Then, this development affects and aggravates the sensitiveness and the vulnerability of this fragile ecosystem.

The increase of tourism and industrial activity involve conflictual consumption of water resources and area. This pressure affects the natural environment by hydrous rejects, hazardous substances, atmospheric pollution, land uses and surface and ground water consumption and supply. This is more and more emphasizing by the agriculture, industry, tourism and social activities.

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