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AGRIGRID Résumé de rapport

Project ID: 44403
Financé au titre de: FP6-POLICIES
Pays: United Kingdom

Final Report Summary - AGRIGRID (Task 14 - New Methods for Calculating premiums in the Rural Development Measures)

The project covers a representative set of European Union (EU) Member States, including United Kingdom (UK), Germany, Finland, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Italy and Greece and regional case studies in the selected countries. Further Member States are covered by the project through allocating the task of data collection and analysis to sub-contractors. The selected countries cover a range of different natural and agronomic conditions from intensive farming with good soils and favourable climatic conditions, e.g. in some parts of Germany and England, to extensive livestock systems in some of the most marginal and remote areas in the EU with unfavourable natural conditions isolated from markets, e.g some areas in Scotland, Finland and Greece. The agricultural sectors in the new Member States are going through a process of significant structural change and adjustments to new standards. Lithuania and the Czech Republic provide interesting country case studies for the new Member States with different farm structures.

The priorities in the rural development plans vary between the different partner countries covering all relevant rural development measures. Principally following the new rural development regulation (European Commission (EC) Regulation 1698/2005), the AGRIGRID project developed methodological grids for agri-environment measures, compensatory allowances, Natura 2000 payments, forestry measures and animal welfare and meeting standard measures.

Developing methodological grids for the payment calculation in different Research and development (R&D) measures requires a detailed knowledge of present conditions and methods at both production level and policy level. At the production level, it is necessary to gather data on the structure and characteristics of the farming sector including natural and agronomic conditions and productions systems and techniques. At the policy level, it is necessary to analyse national and / or regional R&D measures, identify the specificities of the measures and link them to cost elements and existing methods for payment calculations in R&D measures and their impacts on that structure. This will provide the basis for identifying new methods for payment calculations and, consequently, the development of grids.

A central issue in the development of the grids is the evaluation of data requirements and availability. There are several data bases available at national or regional bases like the Integrated Administration and Control System data, as well as other spatially defined data sets that could be used with the appropriate administrative arrangements. Moreover, the new grids are tested through regional case studies and the continuous involvement of policy makers and government agencies ensures the suitability of the grids for the end-users in the project. Policy makers and government agencies in the EU and its Member States will be able to use the developed grids to calculate payments in the different R&D measures providing a new harmonised, but at the same time flexible, method.

The main aspect of innovation in the project is the development of new methodological grids that can be used to aid the calculation of levels of payments for a range of measures under the rural development regulation. These were based on objective and quantifiable criteria and their application will lead to transparent, verifiable and quantifiable calculations. The project was in contact with many officials and policy makers in the member states. The project results are helping to harmonise the calculations of payments in different R&D measures avoiding over- and under-compensation of farmers, hence improving the efficiency of R&D measures and their evaluations.

It will be a tool for national and EU officials, enabling them to use the same language and to understand each other better. Moreover, the different member states can use the same methodological framework, flexible enough to consider specific circumstances prevailing in the different countries and regions.

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