Forschungs- & Entwicklungsinformationsdienst der Gemeinschaft - CORDIS

FP6

CAMIAMEUJP Berichtzusammenfassung

Project ID: 8992
Gefördert unter: FP6-MOBILITY
Land: United Kingdom

Final Activity Report Summary - CAMIAMEUJP (Long range Projection of the EU energy supply: the case of fuel cell-cogeneration adoption to mitigate green house gases)

Following the literature review and based on data availability we started by examining the adoption process of Combined heat and power plants (CHP) installations in manufacturing sectors in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. This provided increased understanding of the issues involved in cogeneration investment and in cases where potential for new policy measures existed. The work was European in nature; however the empirical part was based on the British and Dutch experiences and data. The overall research objective and question, i.e. the adoption of cogeneration in manufacturing sectors in the European Union, was eventually modified.

In the advanced stage of the project the work was extended to include analysis of the transport-energy axis of the United Kingdom freight and passenger vehicle sector. Following the literature review, and based on data availability, we started by examining the historical trend in fuel economy of new cars and on-road fuel economy in the United Kingdom gasoline and diesel vehicle stocks, as well as car sales of both gasoline and diesel cars. This provided more understanding of the issues involved in improving fuel efficiency of the transportation sector and policy measures.

Among the most important project achievements were the following:
1. building an econometric model of CHP adoption for the British and Dutch manufacturing sectors;
2. examining the historical level of investment in CHP plants in 12 Dutch manufacturing sectors;
3. examining the historical level of investment in CHP plants in six United Kingdom manufacturing sectors;
4. building an econometric model of fuel consumption of new cars for the United Kingdom case;
5. building an econometric model of fuel consumption of new diesel and gasoline cars for the United Kingdom case;
6. building an econometric model of fuel consumption of on-road cars for the United Kingdom case;
7. building a freight transport model for the United Kingdom case;
8. analysis of freight transport carbon dioxide emissions in the last 40 years including policy measures;
9. assessing carbon mitigation policy (European Union voluntary agreement on cars until 2009) and tools targeting surface transport;
10. policy evaluation of United Kingdom freight transport agenda, including decarbonising freight transport activity.

For the first part of the project, three tasks were undertaken, namely an extensive literature review, data collection and model building for best econometric models.

In the second year of the project, while focussing on surface transport energy demand, the following tasks were undertaken:
1. literature review on econometric models, including panel, time series and cross sectional;
2. data collection; and
3. selection of econometric models to estimate elasticity of private transport with respect to fuel costs, vehicle capital costs etc.

Reported by

THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
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