Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Autonomous mobile robots for surveillance

A French SME, specialised in the field of robotics, has developed a groundbreaking technique for dynamic localisation of mobile robots. Whereby the robot, through its mobility creates its own localisation system and specifies its own environment.
Autonomous mobile robots for surveillance
The point of departure is the origin of the location mark of the robot, where positioning of the first beacon takes place before the robot starts moving. Hence, the mobile robot is commanded to first establish its reference system during its initial movements, which leads to calibration of its working zone.

The reference system is gradually built-up as the robot works with regards to terrain constraints and work-targets. Thus, the user is able to localise it within its zone. This makes working with it easier without any requirements on preparation and preliminary infrastructure including fixed cameras.

Once the localisation system is set more than one mobile robot can proceed with their work within this area. Depending on their scheduled tasks or application constraints, such as visibility of a particular area or an alert, the robots can automatically change location. It needs to be mentioned that the use of the dynamic localisation system requires specially shaped and dedicated robots.

Several tasks can be accomplished, including exploration and cartography of an unknown zone or reaching a given objective in an autonomous mode. The robot's instrumentation can also allow following a forced trajectory or performing a repetitive task in one zone. Control of the mobile robot can be performed via the Internet with the aid of WEBICAM technology.

The patented system is suitable for surveillance of private premises, including arcades in department stores, sheds and banks, during the night. Since no fixed infrastructure is involved it cannot be easily caught and destroyed by someone breaking in. Particularly for remote areas with restricted access, security is safeguarded and surveillance of more space than before is facilitated.

Until now, autonomous mobile robots were a breakthrough laboratory achievement, which could not be widely used due to the prohibitive prices involved. Since the dynamic localisation system does not require any infrastructure and maintenance costs concern only the robot, investments are expected to be greatly reduced. This will eventually lead to cutting down of prices of autonomous mobile robots.
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