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Terminology (jargon-buster) TOP

Accession country TOP

The ten accession countries are the candidate countries with which the EU Council of Ministers has already concluded negotiations - Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia; see 'Participation of candidate countries in FP6 and the Science and Society programme' in the themes.

Associated state TOP

An 'associated state' is a country that has signed agreements with the EU, specifying its financial contribution to FP6 and allowing its research institutions and companies to participate and receive funding on the same conditions as organisations from Member States. The FP6 'associated states' include all of the candidate countries, plus Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland; see 'Participation of candidate countries in FP6 and the Science and Society programme' in the themes.


Co-ordination action; see 'Instruments for Science and Society' in the themes.

Candidate countries TOP

The countries which are recognised by the Community as candidates for accession to the European Union, currently Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Turkey.


The Community Research and Development Information Service


Directorate-General (DG) TOP

This is the name given to a department in the European Commission.

Demonstration project TOP

A project with a deliverable component of research which shows or proves that an application works, implying it is closer to the market.

Eligible costs TOP

Those costs which can be claimed against the project's budget of funds to be paid by the Commission.


Electronic Proposal Submission System ( Preparing and sending proposals )


European Research Area

European Union TOP

Covers the 15 Member State countries and ten accession countries joining as of 1 May 2004.


European Union

European Research Area TOP

The creation of a European Research Area is intended to overcome the insufficient funding, lack of coherence and fragmentation that currently limit the effectiveness of European research. The Commission aims to establish a true internal market in research and technology, to improve the co-ordination of national research efforts, and to develop a clear European research policy. FP6 is the main instrument for the establishment of the ERA.

Expert TOP

The Commission employs independent experts, experienced in the relevant technological or other fields, to evaluate research proposals and to monitor and review projects.

Europa TOP

A central web server hosting the majority of internet content and pages for the various Institutions of the European Union ( Europa website server ).

Frequently asked questions TOP

This is a service often provided on websites to help locate information about the site or the organisation it represents as fast as possible. Numerous FAQ lists exist on the European Union.


Frequently asked question


Framework Programme; see themes.

Framework Programme TOP

The Framework Programme is the European Union's main instrument for research funding. The current programme is FP6 - the Sixth Research Framework Programme; see themes.

Grant (to the budget) TOP

A grant to the budget is an EU expression which means funds are allocated to a research project, according to the budget ceiling, and based on costs actually incurred in the lifetime of the project.


International co-operation

Info pack TOP

Information package


Integrated Project


Joint programme of activities

Joint programme of activities TOP

A measurement tool used in the funding instrument, the Networks of Excellence, which is created to perform and strengthen European research. The JPA aims primarily to create a durable integration of the research capacities of a network. JPAs include 'integrating activities', 'jointly executed research', and 'activities for spreading excellence'.


National Contact Points


Network of Excellence

Official Journal TOP

The Official Journal of the European Union is published in all official languages. It is a single entry point to the complete list of EU legal texts, as well as a repository of documents and published material from the EU.


Official Journal

Pillars TOP

Used in the context of Science and Society's responsibilities within the European Union's Sixth Framework Programme for research; see 'Three pillars of Science and Society' in the themes.

Proposer TOP

A word used by the European Commission to describe an organisation or project which is making an application in response to a 'call for proposals'.

Researcher TOP

For the purpose of the Networks of Excellence, a researcher is defined as:

  • a staff member with at least four years' research experience or with a doctoral degree
  • either an employee of one of the partners in the consortium or working under its direct management authority


Research and technological development

Sixth Framework Programme TOP

Otherwise known as FP6; see 'Sixth Framework Programme' in the themes.

Small or medium-sized enterprise (SME) TOP

For the purposes of FP6, an SME is currently defined as a company:

  • which has fewer than 250 full-time equivalent employees
  • whose annual turnover is no more than €40 million, or whose total assets do not exceed €27 million
  • which is no more than 25% controlled by a company that is not itself an SME

FP6 reserves 15% of its total budget - around €1.8 billion - for SMEs. They can participate in its seven thematic priority areas using the Integrated Project (IP), Network of Excellence (NoE), or Specific Targeted Research Project (STREP) instruments. In addition, the Co-operative Research (CRAFT) scheme is available exclusively for SMEs.


Small or medium-sized enterprise


Specific support action, see


Specific targeted research project

Third countries TOP

See Participation of third countries in FP6.

Union (the) TOP

European Union

Vision TOP

See Science and Society Vision

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