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The ten accession countries are the candidate countries with
which the EU Council of Ministers has already concluded negotiations - Cyprus,
the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the
Slovak Republic and Slovenia; see 'Participation of candidate countries in FP6
and the Science and Society programme' in the themes.
An 'associated state' is a country that has signed
agreements with the EU, specifying its financial contribution to FP6 and
allowing its research institutions and companies to participate and receive
funding on the same conditions as organisations from Member States. The FP6
'associated states' include all of the candidate countries, plus Iceland,
Israel, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland; see 'Participation of candidate
countries in FP6 and the Science and Society programme' in the themes.
Co-ordination action; see 'Instruments for Science and
Society' in the themes.
The countries which are recognised by the Community as
candidates for accession to the European Union, currently Bulgaria, Cyprus, the
Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania,
the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Turkey.
The Community Research and Development Information Service
This is the name given to a department in the European
A project with a deliverable component of research which
shows or proves that an application works, implying it is closer to the market.
Those costs which can be claimed against the project's
budget of funds to be paid by the Commission.
Electronic Proposal Submission System (
Preparing and sending
European Research Area
Covers the 15 Member State countries and ten accession countries joining as of 1 May 2004.
The creation of a European Research Area is intended to
overcome the insufficient funding, lack of coherence and fragmentation that
currently limit the effectiveness of European research. The Commission aims to
establish a true internal market in research and technology, to improve the
co-ordination of national research efforts, and to develop a clear European
research policy. FP6 is the main instrument for the establishment of the ERA.
The Commission employs independent experts, experienced in
the relevant technological or other fields, to evaluate research proposals and
to monitor and review projects.
A central web server hosting the majority of internet
content and pages for the various Institutions of the European Union (
Europa website server
This is a service often provided on websites to help locate information about the site or the organisation it represents as fast as possible. Numerous FAQ lists exist on the European Union.
Frequently asked question
Framework Programme; see themes.
The Framework Programme is the European Union's main instrument for research
funding. The current programme is FP6 - the Sixth Research Framework Programme;
A grant to the budget is an EU expression which means funds
are allocated to a research project, according to the budget ceiling, and based
on costs actually incurred in the lifetime of the project.
Joint programme of activities
A measurement tool used in the funding instrument, the
Networks of Excellence, which is created to perform and strengthen European
research. The JPA aims primarily to create a durable integration of the
research capacities of a network. JPAs include 'integrating activities',
'jointly executed research', and 'activities for spreading excellence'.
National Contact Points
Network of Excellence
The Official Journal of the
European Union is published in all official languages. It is a single entry
point to the complete list of EU legal texts, as well as a repository of
documents and published material from the EU.
Used in the context of Science and Society's
responsibilities within the European Union's Sixth Framework Programme for
research; see 'Three pillars of Science and Society' in the themes.
A word used by the European Commission to describe an
organisation or project which is making an application in response to a 'call
For the purpose of the Networks of Excellence, a researcher
is defined as:
- a staff member with at least four years' research
experience or with a doctoral degree
- either an employee of one of the partners in the
consortium or working under its direct management authority
Research and technological development
Otherwise known as FP6; see 'Sixth Framework Programme' in the themes.
For the purposes of FP6, an SME is currently defined as a
- which has fewer than 250 full-time equivalent employees
- whose annual turnover is no more than â‚¬40 million, or
whose total assets do not exceed â‚¬27 million
- which is no more than 25% controlled by a company that
is not itself an SME
FP6 reserves 15% of its total budget - around â‚¬1.8 billion -
for SMEs. They can participate in its seven thematic priority areas using the
Integrated Project (IP), Network of Excellence (NoE), or Specific Targeted
Research Project (STREP) instruments. In addition, the Co-operative Research
(CRAFT) scheme is available exclusively for SMEs.
Small or medium-sized enterprise
Specific support action, see
Specific targeted research project
See Participation of third countries in FP6.
See Science and Society Vision