Telematics Applications for Transport
4th Framework Research
ADEPT II TR 1002
Automatic Debiting And Electronic Payment For Transport II
The ADEPT II project has been instrumental in addressing many of the pre-implementation issues associated with the deployment of smart cards and other ITS technologies in the field of payment, information systems and demand management in the transport sector.
Setting the Scene
Many key issues were left open from the research of the Third Framework programme, in the fields of the integration and use of transport payment tools and information systems as a means to manage traffic demand and encourage modal shift.
ADEPT II is a follow-up project to the PAMELA and ADEPT I projects, which were funded under the Second and Third Research Framework programmes. This path is a direct and logical succession to the work which started in PAMELA with basic R&D on transponder-based debiting and information services, progressed through the development and demonstrations of applications (in multi-lane tolling, road-use pricing, in-vehicle information, parking booking, guidance and general smart-card usage), and has now proceeded in ADEPT II to the evaluation and validation of these tools and techniques in complex, multi-application trials.
The approach of ADEPT II is to focus on validation and evaluation, demonstrating how the differing approaches to demand management that the sites have specified actually meet their policy and environmental needs.
Operators and service providers are key partners in the validation and evaluation.
Various trials of ITS technology are implemented in the main sites. Common services are established between them, and a common evaluation methodology covers the technical functions, user acceptance, operational constraints, and legal and economic considerations. User panels are established in each site to handle the services, evaluation, and comparison of the results.
These results, in conjunction with continued monitoring of the market, are used to establish a, business plan for the exploitation of the results of ADEPT I and II.
Results and Achievements
The achievements of ADEPT II include:
-A comprehensive evaluation methodology and comparison of results across the sites
-Recommendations for a future architecture for electronic payment systems
-Definition of a migration path towards interoperable smart cards
-Integration of ITS applications to demonstrate demand management solutions
-An advanced parking management system, which is to be used commercially in Australia
-Internet-based parking availability and booking facility
-Integration of payment for petrol with parking and tolling on a single smart card
-Integration of payment for tolling, parking and public transport using same hybrid smart card
-Demonstration of a demand management toolbox which covers parking, access control, road pricing, park-and-ride etc. using same OBU and smartcard
-Countrywide implementation of public transport smart cards
-Evaluation of a number of city card schemes,
-A business plan and market review
-Publicity and dissemination, including over 40 published articles and conference proceedings, a CD ROM, a web-site and four colour brochures.
Conclusions and Plans for the Future
The partners are proud at the achievements. In a project as complex and multi-faceted as ADEPT II, some things change and evolve over the lifetime of the project. The partners feel that they have met almost all of the goals that were originally set.
The results of ADEPT II have been exploited in Finland and Thessaloniki, and some of the added-value services are being integrated into commercial equipment, for example in the Melbourne link.
Many of the participants in the consortium are continuing to co-operate in new projects. An extension to the project, called ADEPT III, which has been funded by authorities and service providers, is assessing some of the new developments in smart cards. In addition, many of the sites from ADEPT II (Finland, Thessaloniki, Zeeland and Newcastle) are participating in the IADS digital sites project DISTINCT. Here the results of the transport telematics projects are being extended to support new city-wide implementations of smart cards and information networks, to assist the citizen and bring services on-line. Equipping over a million users within the lifetime of the project represents a significant output from the telematics programme.
Tel: +44 191 2227683
Fax: +44 191 2228352
Transport Telematics, ITS, smart cards, transponders, Electronic Fee Collection, Demand Management
Transport Telematics, ITS, smart cards, transponders, Electronic Fee Collection, Demand Management, Evaluation, Buisness Plan
TORG, University of Newcastle (UK)
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (GR)
Card Europe (UK)
Combitech Traffic Systems (GR)
Finnish National Road Administration (FI)
General Information Systems (UK)
Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council (FI)
Imperial College (UK)
Ministry of Transport and Communications (FI)
Ministry of Transport, Rijkswaterstaat AVV (NL)
Municipality of Thessaloniki (GR)
National Highway Fund (GR)
National Technical University of Athens (GR)
Organisation of Urban Public Transport of Thessaloniki (GR)
TFK - Transport Research Institute (SE)
The Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research at the Norwegian Institute of Technology (SINTEF) DELAB (NO)
Traficon Ltd (FI)
VSN Greop (NL)
D3.1 Report on system Architecture Part I & II
D4.1 Specification of the evaluation framework
D5.1 Description of the test site Thessaloniki and system design
D6.1 Description of the Helsinki Finland test site and system design
D7.1 Description of the test site Gothenburg, demand analysis and system design
D8.1 Synthesis of user requirements
D9.1 Interim report of the ADEPT II demonstrations
D6.2 Report on the installation, demonstration, validation and evaluation activities in Helsinki (please contact the project coordinator to obtain this deliverable)
D7.2 Report on the installation, demonstration, validation and evaluation activities in Goteburg (please contact the project coordinator to obtain this deliverable)
D5.2 Report on the installation, demonstration, validation and evaluation activities in Thessaloniki (please contact the project coordinator to obtain this deliverable)
D3.2 Delivery and validation of the generic Adept smart card (please contact the project coordinator to obtain this deliverable)
D4.2 report on validation and evaluation (please contact the project coordinator to obtain this deliverable)