Telematics Applications for Transport
4th Framework Research
TABASCO TR 1054
Telematics Applications in BAvaria, SCotland and Others
Setting the Scene
TABASCO is a European demonstration project involving multi-modal information and control systems as a contribution towards solving transport problems in cities and their surrounding regions. The project focused on the user-orientated validation of already implemented trans-port telematics systems and the integration of these systems to produce a more efficient transport system as a whole Estimates have put the cost of congestion in Europe at over 100 BECU per year, so even a one per cent decrease in congestion would produce enormous savings. Work done in TABASCO has demonstrated how the use of transport telematics can help to reduce congestion by improving traffic control in urban networks and on motorways and by providing better information to drivers both before the journey and during the journey itself. Also greater use could be made of public transport as a result of the use of transport telematics to help provide reliable and timely information on Park-&-Ride facilities and real time public transport information.
The main telematics systems demonstrated have been:
- Integrated traffic control strategies and systems (including variable message signs) for urban and regional transport
- public transport traveller and Park-&-Ride information
- event management on motorways
- the inter-connection of traffic information and control centres, and
- urban traffic control linked with public transport priority.
Overall objectives have included linking urban and inter-urban telematics systems, stimulating modal change, working with public/ private partnerships and advancing system architectures.
Results and Achievements
The main work of the TABASCO project has been the implementation of the demonstrators. The following demonstrators have been implemented and evaluated:
- Public transport information systems in Glasgow (bus stops), Munich (bus/tram stops) and South Yorkshire (Internet)
- Variable Message Signs for Park-&-Ride in Munich (motorway site) and Amsterdam linked to a multi-modal interchange
- Control centre inter-connection between the SCOTIA public/private travel information centre and the Scottish National Network Control Centre
- The OPERA and VARIA network control software tools
- The COMPANION hazard warning system
- Traffic control models and control strategies have been implemented for Glasgow and Munich, with demonstrations of integrated urban/inter-urban traffic control in Glasgow and Munich
- The Balance advanced traffic control system has been tested in Munich.
The evaluation and validation carried out has shown some very positive results for the systems installed. Implementation of dynamic passenger information systems brought benefits to operators and passengers. VMS for Park-&-Ride has been proven to have a positive effect on traffic and is cost effective. The OPERA and VARIA network control/re-routeing strategies have proved to be quite effective. The Companion hazard warning system has also had a positive response from users, reducing speeds and harmonising traffic when in operation. In Glasgow, the integrated IN-TUC strategy has allowed the urban road network to better service road travellers via Scotland's first ramp metering installation. The Balance adaptive signal control method showed encouraging results including reduced journey times for bus and tram services, reductions in delays and queue lengths and reduced emissions.
Conclusions and plans for the future
All TABASCO partners have derived benefit from participating in the project. In particular, the core partners of Glasgow/Scotland and Munich/ Bavaria benefited by reviewing and testing new strategies during the course of the project, thereby enhancing their operations. The project has helped to draw the attention of politicians and officials to the use of transport telematics to solve transport problems. The project contributed to the initisation of a new mobility management project, involving telematics, for Bavaria (MOBINET).
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Transport telematics, telematics applications, information dissemination.
Key Project Participants:
CETE de Lyon (FR)
DIVV Amsterdam (NL)
Dublin Corporation (IE)
Glasgow City Council (UK)
Steierwald Schönharting und Partner GmbH (DE)
Technische Universität München (DE)
The Scottish Office (UK)
Traffic Control Systems Unit (UK)
D 10.1 Draft validation plan
D 10.2 Final Validation plan
D 10.3 Final evaluation report and exploitation plan
D 2.1 External Liaison
D 3.3 Results of demonstations and overall evaluation
D 4.3 Park-&-Ride information TABASCO: results of demonstrations and evaluations
D 5.1 Interconnection with Scotia
D 5.2 System architecture report
D 6.2 Network control: enhancement to strategy selection and simulation tools
D 6.4 Network control: final evaluation report
D 7.5 Inter-urban corridors: final report
D 8.1 Sites, User Needs and Traffic Model Verification Report
D 8.3 Urban integrated traffic control evaluation results
D 9.1 UTC with PT priority: report on user needs, functional specifications and demonstrators
D 9.3 Final Report