Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


CORDIS: Community Research and Development Information Service

Regional Research & Innovation Service

Introduction

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Territorial and demographic situation

Situated in the Central West Poland, the Wielkopolska Region covers the area of 29, 826 sq. km, which makes it the second largest region in the country. With a population of 3.4 million, it is also the third most densely populated region in Poland. Almost 58% of its inhabitants live in cities and towns. The administrative structure of the region consist of 35 poviats and 226 communes. Out of 109 cities of the region, Poznan is the biggest. The capital city Poznan with its suburbs has a population of almost 500.000 (stand 2009) and is recognized as one of the leaders among Polish cities with the best development potential. It boasts economic and social activity of the inhabitants, great potential of the local market, the quality of the labour force, advantageous social conditions and technical infrastructure.

The area of the Wielkopolska region is comparable to an average sized European state (for example, Belgium) and larger than some countries such as Albania and Macedonia. It is comparable to some European regions for example Brandenburg in Germany, Brettany in France, North Brabant in Netherlands and Basque Country in Spain. Its population is bigger than that of Latvia and is not much smaller than the population of Ireland or Lithuania.

Major cities

(data from the end of 2009):

Localisation

The Wielkopolska Region, situated at the junction of major European communication routes, on the crossing of big trade trials leading from the north to the south and from the east to the west, might be considered a bridge, in geographical sense, between the Eastern and Western Europe. It is at the crossroads of a major route from Berlin through Poznan to Konin and Warsaw and on to Moscow, and from Prague through Leszno and Poznan to the Baltic Sea. This points to its strategic location and perfect environment for the international exchange of people, innovation, technologies and goods in this area.

The regional airport Poznan Lawica is turning to one of the major airports in Poland and operates both domestic and international flights. There are regular connections to: Warsaw, Stuttgart, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Munich, Zurych, Dublin, London, Edinburgh, Copenhagen, Oslo, Madrit, Barcelona, Roma, Paris

How to get to our region

  • by plane – the regional airport Poznan Lawica
  • by train – the main railway station in Poznań is called Poznań Główny. It is situated in the city centre in Dworcowa street nearby the Poznań International Fair, main building of the Adam Mickiewicz University and Imperial Castle.
  • by bus – the bus station (PKS station) is situated also in the city centre in Towarowa street. It provides both domestic and international transport services.
  • by car – you can get to Poznań driving A2 motorway (access from the west direction: 108 km from Świecko (country border with Germany), where national route no. 2 is connected with the motorway to Warsaw, national routes no. 92, no. 5 (east - west direction) and no. 11 (north - south).

International cooperation

Diversified industry, efficient agriculture, well-developed services and a constantly extended infrastructure provide good conditions for growth in Wielkopolska and boost its international cooperation with other European regions.

Our partner regions are as follows:

Dynamic international cooperation is also established with following regions:

The main goals of the cooperation involves such fields of activities as economy, local labour market, restructuring of country areas, communication infrastructure, environmental protection, science and education, culture, tourism and sports and youth exchange. Apart from international co-operation on a regional level, direct contacts with partner units are established by the many communities of Wielkopolska. Co-operation facilitates, among other things, the operation of local governments, business contact revival and promotion of regional folklore.

Poznan in the Eurocities network

In 2004 while Poland became a member state of the EU, Poznan has obtained the right to become a member of the Eurocities network together with some other Polish cities. The network of Eurocities is a platform of exchange of knowledge, experience as well as analysis of common problems and working out fruitful solutions. The network works through knowledge forums and working groups. The network represents European cities on the European forum through dialog with European institutions (European Commission, Parliament, Council and Committee of the Regions). The network works on social campaigns to develop knowledge about social conscience in nowadays problems (f.i. mobility, natural resources).

History

Wielkopolska as a region of a historical significance prides itself on its own long history and tradition. It is often called a cradle of a Polish state. Just here nearby Poznan and Gniezno, in Xth century during the reign of Mieszko I the first state was created, paving the path in this way to the beginning of thousand years history of Poland. In the year 1000 in Gniezno the first archbishopric was formed. The Gniezno cathedral became a place of traditional coronation of Polish kings. In 13th century some bigger towns of Wielkopolska as Poznan, Gniezno, Kalisz received acts of location.

Key facts and figures

(Source: Central Statistical Office, data from 2009)

Area: 29 826 km²
Capital city: Poznan
Number of municipal communities: 19
Number of mixed communities: 90
Number of rural communities: 117
Number of cities and towns: 109
Population: 3 408 300
Population density: 114 per km²
Population in cities and towns: 56,1%
Net natural increase per 1000 population: 2,7
Employment persons in public sector: 394 800
Employment persons in private sector: 988 600
Students of higher education institutions: 169 347
Graduates of higher education institutions: 43 048
Museums and and fixed cinemas: 127

Last updated: 2012-01-19