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Rethinking innovation policy interchange

The traditional policy of technology transfer between university and industry is a well-established science and technology policy area. Now, however, it is in the process of being revamped from a linear model into a two-way mutual exchange.

Climate Change and Environment

The innovation process is an interactive and cumulative one that involves a complex exchange between epistemology, technology and skills. There are certainly differences between corporate and academic research in terms of their orientation, yet they converge when it comes to knowledge exchange. A national innovation system that has the capacity to support firms, research institutes and universities depends largely on the intensity, size and structure of its technologies. Thus, it is a process in which economic, technological, social and economic factors are in interplay, supporting each other on a mutual basis. What has been suggested is that more theory-based technologies be studied in a more orderly fashion. This implies that more research should be conducted on different technologies as well as cognitive entities in order to increase understanding of national innovation systems. Furthermore, it would help to clarify organisation issues related to science and technology interaction. By providing a link between academic communities and industry research, the cooperation between universities and industries would be improved stressing the importance of communication and interaction over financial issues alone. This would involve organisation of research, linking long-term, application-oriented research to applied research, team research, improved intra and inter-sectoral mobility of researchers and increased flexibility of research structures. Making lateral moves between disciplines in such as way would therefore lead to more dynamic communities in the future.

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