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Research policy and technological development in the Southern Mediterranean

The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre has published a report on research policy and technological development in the Southern Mediterranean countries. The work is part of the general involvement of the IPT...
The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre has published a report on research policy and technological development in the Southern Mediterranean countries. The work is part of the general involvement of the IPTS in Mediterranean topics and follows the production of the report "Science and technology policy in southern Mediterranean countries: the cases of Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia and Turkey" (see RTD-News RCN-8208).

The report presents and analyses the results of a questionnaire prepared by the IPTS on behalf of DG XII, which was sent to representatives of 12 southern and eastern Mediterranean countries at the end of 1996 ,in the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean science and technology cooperation.

The questionnaire, which received an 83% response rate, aimed to assess national research policy in all the countries and its impact on technological development. Questions were divided into three main subject areas which included objectives of R&D policy, management, financing and execution and cooperation with the EU.

The main results of the survey show that there is a large diversity of R&D situations in the countries examined, in terms of both human and financial resources. In general, strategies exist and coordination structures are in place. There is, overall, low expenditure, with the exceptions of Israel, Algeria and Tunisia. Overall cooperation between the Mediterranean countries and the EU is well developed, however among the Mediterranean partner countries themselves cooperation is not as well developed.

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