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Prevention at the workplace

A study on the impact of Community Directives on preventive systems in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Austria and Switzerland has recently been published by the European Trade Union Bureau for Health and Safety (ETUB). It follows on from a 1994 study on how preventive provision was ...
A study on the impact of Community Directives on preventive systems in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Austria and Switzerland has recently been published by the European Trade Union Bureau for Health and Safety (ETUB). It follows on from a 1994 study on how preventive provision was organised in the then twelve EU Member States on the entry into force of the Framework Directive. This laid down a set of principles on the prevention at source of accidents in the workplace, covering many areas of occupational health and safety.

The same analytical approach, as adopted in the 1994 study, was applied to the newest members of the EU, Sweden, Finland and Austria, as well as to Switzerland and Norway. The study not only depicts the legal situation in each country covered, but also tries to understand the current dynamics and developments in the field and points out areas of convergence. The book begins with a chapter on a comparison between the Nordic and EU occupational health models.

The national situations in each of the countries studied are described in a uniform way, beginning with information on the historical background, in order to help identify the social forces behind legislative change. Source data on employment and the gender division of labour is also provided in the first section of each chapter. This is followed by an examination of the legal framework in each of the countries, and how the Community occupational health law has been transposed.

The public players in prevention are described by what they do, rather than by their institutional set-up. The preventive services are described from a dual viewpoint, covering both their legal status and their practical development. In addition, information on worker participation in questions in the safety field in each country is also provided.
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