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Making science more responsible: Multinational project pilots the application of Open Science on photovoltaic research

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July 10, 2018 - Madrid, Spain - Current societal challenges require innovative scientific approaches. One such approach is GRECO, a project to pilot the application of Open Science practices including Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) methodologies. Based at the Instituto de Energia Solar of the Universidad Politecnica, Madrid, Spain, GRECO comes under the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme.

Making science more responsible: Multinational project pilots the application of Open Science on photovoltaic research
Altering the approach towards scientific research
The GRECO coordinators, Dr. Ana B. Cristóbal and Prof. Carlos del Cañizo Nadal, hosted the kick-off meeting on June 24th and 25th, in Madrid. The consortium includes researchers, industry, civil society, government representatives and science communicators from six countries. Dr. Cristóbal had this to say about GRECO: "Within this multidisciplinary project, we will foster and establish public engagement mechanisms in various locations in Europe, Africa and Brazil. Civil society organisations, industry, government and academia have pledged to work with us. And, moreover, they will share knowledge and data with each other and stakeholder groups to come up with six pioneering photovoltaic products. This will overhaul our approach towards scientific research." User-centred Open Innovation, Citizen Science Initiatives, and Mobilisation and Mutual Learning (MML) actions are also relevant for the development of the photovoltaic products.

Advantages and challenges of Open Science
Through Open Science tools such as Open Access, Open Data, Open Education, Open Notebooks, Open Software and Open Peer-Reviews, GRECO aims to generate a more accessible research process. This will allow third parties to quickly take up the scientific concepts developed. As a result, science advances in a more transversal way. What is more, there is no double financing of the same research in different parts of the world. But the crucial question is: How far can Open Science be implemented while remaining competitive? Carlos de Cañizo: "GRECO will determine, evaluate and manage this aspect throughout the project because naturally, we are aware that this is the major challenge of Open Science."

Six highly innovative photovoltaic products
Within the framework of the project, GRECO researchers will design six cutting-edge photovoltaic design products:
1. in situ repairing methodology that saves the cost of replacing defective modules thus supporting the idea of the Circular Economy
2: ageing model for photovoltaic modules to improve the estimation of energy production of PV plants and reduce the uncertainty for investors
3. a more sustainable solution for irrigation, pursuing a cost reduction and a major use of renewable energy in agriculture
4. cheaper and more efficient solar cells
5. a novel system of modules that provides energy to buildings up to 8 storeys
6. improved PV heat-pump systems enabling renewable sources in daily life

The ultimate guide
To further enhance the impact of GRECO, the coordinators will publish a guide for researchers in the summer of 2020, explaining how to implement the concepts of RRI and Open Science in research projects. All photovoltaic products will be developed according to Open Science: GRECO researchers will adopt Open Access and Open Data policies. They will additionally explore the implementation of Open Notebooks in research institutions or the use of video tutorials as a resource for both education and metadata.

GRECO in a nutshell:
Duration: 36 months (June 1, 2018 - May 31, 2021), GRECO (H2020-787289)
Funding: €3 million
Coordinators: Dr. Ana Belen Cristóbal and Prof. Carlos de Cañizo. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Consortium: Universität Pompeu Fabra (Spain), Universidade de Évora (Portugal), Central Solar Energy Laboratory of Solar Energy of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Bulgaria), Helmholtz-Zentrum (Germany), Reiner-Lemoine Institute (Germany), European Science Communication Institute (Germany), Universidade de Sao Paulo (Brasil), The Government of Andalucia (Spain), the Euro-Mediterranean Irrigators Community (Spain) and INSOLIGHT (Switzerland).


    26121 Oldenburg


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Photovoltaics, Open Science, Citizen Science, Responsible Research and Innovation, Mobilisation and Mutual Learning
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