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Commission policy on short-distance maritime transport in Europe

On 5 July 1995, the European Commission presented its policy on the development of short-distance maritime transport in Europe with a view to encouraging further debate on this issue at political, industrial and trade union level.

Short-distance maritime transport is defined ...
On 5 July 1995, the European Commission presented its policy on the development of short-distance maritime transport in Europe with a view to encouraging further debate on this issue at political, industrial and trade union level.

Short-distance maritime transport is defined as all maritime transport which is carried out without crossing an ocean. It covers both internal and international maritime transport services and fluvio-maritime services to and from ports situated inland.

The Commission considers that short-distance maritime transport could make a greater contribution to the development of the European transport network in the direction of increased efficiency, reduced pollution and better use of resources. This sector of the maritime transport industry is, however, hindered by the following obstacles:

- Absence of infrastructure and links with the interior;
- Heavy administrative procedures;
- Restrictive working practices and social conflicts;
- High port duties, especially in southern Europe;
- Lack of integration between short-distance maritime transport and other forms of transport leading to an increase in travelling time;
- Out-dated image due to the fact that shippers are not aware of all the services on offer.

Improvements to the present situation should be centred in three main areas:

- Improvement in the quality and efficiency of short-distance maritime transport services;
- Improvements in infrastructure and the efficiency of ports;
- Preparation of short-distance maritime transport for the enlargement of Europe.

The Fourth Framework Programme for research and development, and developments in the area of long-distance maritime transport, will be taken as the basis for improving the quality and efficiency of short-distance maritime transport. The Fourth Framework Programme will, notably, contribute to the development of new, faster, maritime technologies such as: rapid cargoes; self-unloading bulk conveyors; automatic container doors and fluvio-maritime vessels. It will also finance, in part, the continued development of the computerized exchange of data. This system should contribute to the acceleration of administrative formalities and help improve the punctuality, safety and reliability of cargo transport, as well as the links with other forms of transport.
DE

Subjects

Policies - Transport
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