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Approval of first projects under the Community's Training and Mobility of Researchers (TMR) programme

The European Commission has recently approved, on the recommendation of Edith Cresson, Commissioner responsible for Research, Education and Training, the funding of 84 projects under the Community's Training and Mobility of Researchers (TMR) programme (1994-1998). The financia...
The European Commission has recently approved, on the recommendation of Edith Cresson, Commissioner responsible for Research, Education and Training, the funding of 84 projects under the Community's Training and Mobility of Researchers (TMR) programme (1994-1998). The financial contribution of the European Community to these projects amounts to ECU 72 million.

The projects approved fall under the second activity of the TMR programme, "Access to Large-Scale Facilities", and are aimed at ensuring the opening up of more of Europe's large-scale national research facilities to non-national researchers. Certain areas of science and technology rely increasingly on large-scale research facilities. They serve many external users in providing rather special, and sometimes unique, experimental possibilities. Fortunately, Europe benefits from a large installed base of such top-class facilities (synchrotron radiation sources, neutron beam sources, large telescopes, laser facilities, oceanographic research vessels, research aircraft, supercomputers, etc). However, access to these facilities, which are nationally owned and operated for the most part, is often severely restricted for non-national users.

The "Access to Large-Scale Facilities" activity of the TMR programme was developed on the basis that sharing Europe's resources in terms of large-scale facilities makes sense not only economically, but also scientifically. By providing scientists with easier access to large installations outside their own countries, it promotes the mobility of researchers, it adds value to the European research effort through the exchange of researchers, ideas and expertise, and it encourages the creation of a Europe-wide scientific research community.

The programme is of particular importance to researchers working in regions of the Community which are less well equipped in terms of large-scale facilities. It will also help Europe retain the lead it has in such areas as hydraulic engineering and neutron scattering.

The TMR programme disposes of an overall budget of ECU 744 million (6% of the global budget for the Fourth Framework Programme). It aims to develop human resources in science and technology by means of training through research, and improve their utilization through transnational mobility and cooperation. There are no pre-established targets or priorities in the fields covered by the TMR Programme and the initiative is left to the creativity of the researchers themselves to define their projects. This bottom-up approach will guarantee, in the light of the quality of the proposals, that the projects selected are a faithful reflection of real demand.

In order to compare experiences and evaluate the impact of this action, the Commission is intending to organize, in 1996, a major conference on large-scale facilities in Europe. This will bring together participants in the programme, Members of the Commission and eminent personalities from the scientific world.

Source: European Commission, Service du Porte-parole
DE

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