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JOULE II - Economy/energy/environment models

The European Commission, DG XII, has published a series of reports on economy/energy/environment models developed under the Community's specific RTD programme in the field of non-nuclear energy (1990-1994) (JOULE II).

The JOULE II programme covered four specific areas of acti...
The European Commission, DG XII, has published a series of reports on economy/energy/environment models developed under the Community's specific RTD programme in the field of non-nuclear energy (1990-1994) (JOULE II).

The JOULE II programme covered four specific areas of activity:

- Area 1: Analysis of strategies and modelling;
- Area 2: Minimum emission power production from fossil fuels;
- Area 3: Renewable energy sources;
- Area 4: Energy utilization and conservation.

Area 1 of the programme, "Analysis of strategies and modelling", focused on the utilization of Community-wide models to analyze the different energy, environmental and related economic policies. Models developed under the JOULE I and JOULE II programmes cover the major aspects of energy problems and aim to address the complex interactions between the processes of energy production and consumption, the economy and the environment.

The series of reports published by the Commission includes six volumes covering the following:

- A general introduction to the economy/energy/environment models developed under JOULE I and JOULE II:
. GEM-E3 (General equilibrium model for economy/energy/environment);
. E3-ME (Energy/environment/economy model for Europe);
. WARM (World assessment of resource management);
. MEGAPESTES (Modèle d'équilibre général appliqué aux politiques de l'environnement soutenables);
. POLES (Prospective outlook on long-term energy systems);
. PRIMES (A computable price-driven equilibrium model of the energy system and markets for Europe);
. SAFIRE (Strategic assessment framework for the implementation of rational energy);
. TEP (Trans-European Power);
. TEG (Trans-European Gas);

- A report on the PRIMES project which was aimed primarily at developing the PRIMES model, a partial equilibrium model for the European energy system and market, including environmental applications. The project also included the development of two modules, TEP and TEG, designed to provide a representation of power and gas networks in Europe. The volume includes a description of the TEP module;

- A volume describing the basic features and characteristics of the GEM-E3 model, a computable general equilibrium model which covers the interactions between the economy, the energy system and the environment at the level of the Community and the Member States;

- A volume on the E3ME model (a sectoral model representing the economy in twenty-five end-use sectors) which provides a non-technical description of the model, how it works and how it might be useful for business and government;

- A volume on the WARM model, an econometric general equilibrium model for the analysis of medium-term policy issues concerning the economy/environment linkages, which describes the structure of the model as of October 1995;

- A volume on the SAFIRE model, a computer-based framework for assessing the first order impacts that new energy technologies can make on local, regional or national economies.
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