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Overview of energy research, demonstration and development options for a sustainable future

The European Commission, DG XII, has published an "Overview of energy research, demonstration and development options for a sustainable future". The publication is the result of a project to develop RTD strategies in the energy sector, funded under the Community's JOULE progra...
The European Commission, DG XII, has published an "Overview of energy research, demonstration and development options for a sustainable future". The publication is the result of a project to develop RTD strategies in the energy sector, funded under the Community's JOULE programme in the field of non-nuclear energy.

The project aimed to develop strategies which would promote a sustainable energy system, taking account of considerations such as the effect on employment, security of energy supply and the possibility of exhaustion of resources, as well as environmental issues.

The report firstly examines the issues of energy efficiency in different sectors: industry, buildings, transport and agriculture. Secondly, the report discusses various forms of energy, including:

- Biomass energy;
- Photovoltaic solar energy;
- Solar thermal energy;
- Wind energy;
- Geothermal energy;
- Combined generation of heat and power;
- Fuel cells;
- Clean coal technologies;
- Carbon dioxide removal.

Finally, the report examines energy RTD options at the system level. The report concludes that the greatest savings in energy can by achieved by focusing RTD efforts on the improvement of energy end-use efficiency. The researchers suggest that a strong RTD effort in this area could lead to a reduction of one fifth of present demand by 2020, on top of the reductions which may be made through implementing current knowledge.

Source: European Commission, DG XII
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