Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

European RTD relative to the USA and Japan

In preparation for the debate on the Fifth RTD Framework Programme, the European Commission has published recent figures indicating that European Union countries spend considerably less on research and have fewer researchers than the USA and Japan.

Total spending per inhabita...
In preparation for the debate on the Fifth RTD Framework Programme, the European Commission has published recent figures indicating that European Union countries spend considerably less on research and have fewer researchers than the USA and Japan.

Total spending per inhabitant on research and development in 1994 in the EU (ECU 329) was little over half that of the USA (ECU 545), and slightly more than a third of Japan's R&D spending (ECU 833). The number of researchers per thousand of the active population in the EU was 4.7 compared to 7.4 in the USA and 8.0 in Japan. Statistics for other areas of the world show that new powers in science and technology are providing increased competition for the EU, as well as for the USA and Japan.

In addition, the number of patents applied for in Europe show that the USA and Japan have strong positions in the European market. This is particularly the case for Japan in the electronics industry. The corresponding figures show that EU companies have fewer patent applications in the US market than American companies have in Europe.

Source: European Commission, Service du Porte-parole
DE FR

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