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JRC Institute for Safety Technology - Annual report 1995

The Institute for Safety Technology of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has published its annual report for 1995.

The Institute has two major strands of activity, nuclear and non-nuclear. In the nuclear sector the major projects during 1995 were:

- React...
The Institute for Safety Technology of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has published its annual report for 1995.

The Institute has two major strands of activity, nuclear and non-nuclear. In the nuclear sector the major projects during 1995 were:

- Reactor safety: concentrated on studying severe accident phenomena in present and future light water reactors;
- Safeguards and fissile materials management;
- Fusion technology and safety: focused on contributing to the multinational fusion project ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor), which involves organizations from the EU, Japan, Russia and the USA.

In the non-nuclear activities sector, work included:

- Industrial hazards: focused on assessment, improvement and harmonization of safety methodologies for chemical plants;
- Reference methods for the evaluation of structural reliability: a series of large-scale earthquake simulation tests were performed during 1995;
- Environment and climate: modelling of wetland hydrology in order to demonstrate that remote sensing measurements could contribute towards the calibration and validation of models.

The Institute's work is a mixture of competitive and non-competitive contracts and, in 1995, commercial work reached the highest value ever at over 20% of the Institute's total budget.

In 1996, the Institute for Safety Technology will merge with the Institute for Systems Engineering and Informatics, another JRC Institute. The new Institute for Systems, Informatics and Safety will be based at Ispra in Italy, and should improve efficiency across the range of activities carried out.
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