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Perspectives for biomass energy in the European Union

The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), part of the Commission's Joint Research Centre, has published a report entitled "Perspectives for biomass energy in the European Union". The report, prepared by the "Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maitrise de l'En...
The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), part of the Commission's Joint Research Centre, has published a report entitled "Perspectives for biomass energy in the European Union". The report, prepared by the "Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maitrise de l'Energie" (ADEME - France) at the request of the IPTS, aims to provide a basis for discussion on future perspectives in this area.

The study provides a comprehensive overview of the biomass energy sector in the EU, highlighting the opportunities and constraints facing it and possible developments for the future. Biomass currently supplies 3.5% of the energy consumed in the 15 countries of the EU covered by the study. This represents 50 million tonnes oil equivalent (TOE), 90% of which is derived from forestry resources.

The study concludes that, with the measures currently in place, biomass energy prospectively represents a modest contribution to the EU total primary energy demand at the beginning of the next century. Biomass energy could, however, penetrate future energy markets to a greater extent if new, more targeted actions are supported by complementary actions of a political, economic and social nature. In this context, supportive action should be envisaged in the following areas: energy supply, the Common Agricultural Policy, environmental policy, and actions for employment and economic growth.
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