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Preparation for a European capacity to monitor CO2 anthropogenic emissions

 

To advance in a coordinated preparation of a mature European capacity there is need to bring together the key European stakeholders and competent entities which are engaged in activities that can answer the questions outlined below, have the ability to network with suitable research actors to fill the knowledge gaps, and have the required expertise to assess the needs for an end-to-end operational system, with due attention to potential international cooperation opportunities for tackling this global challenge.

Activities will encompass the coordination of ongoing efforts, include mutual identification of research and infrastructural gaps, and facilitate a cooperation of further research and development to be undertaken to reach sufficiently mature capacities for an operational integration as a subsequent step.

The following four areas need to be coordinated to prepare a suitable and operational European approach. To be adequate, the responses to these series of questions addressing engineering

A recent expert report has assessed the need and opportunity for an independent European capacity for CO2 anthropogenic emissions, which includes space-borne observation. It recommends stepwise approach to implement a requirement-driven integration of remote-sensing, in situ and modelling capabilities for an operational end-to-end system. While the report recognises the importance of other observing other GHGs contributing to global warming it focuses on closing specifically the gap of monitoring anthropogenic CO2 emissions linked to the COP21 context. Also, as the use of satellite observations has been rather successful for CH4 flux inversions in the past, the potential to monitor other GHGs in particular methane and carbon monoxide are to be investigated only as secondary mission objectives in this coordination and support action (CSA). It is noteworthy that designing a space-borne observation instrument for CO2 anthropogenic emissions will largely benefit from

The proposal is expected to lay the mature foundation for an independent space-borne observation capacity for CO2 in the context of Europe's Climate Change challenges. Coordination and networking efforts are expected to lay the foundation for the operational integration of all relevant European capacities as a subsequent step.

More specifically, the results are to:

  • Make a significant contribution to addressing the unresolved issue of ground-based versus space derived estimates of CO2 fluxes.
  • Generate a large database of CO2 sources, sinks and atmospheric transport processes to help dimensioning the various elements to develop an operational EU anthropogenic CO2 emission monitoring capacity.
  • Establish a set of requirements regarding the accuracy as well as spatial and temporal resolutions for anthropogenic CO2 emissions estimates, such that the policymakers can be provided with reliable CO2