ECSC-STEELDEM 2C - Programme (ECSC) "pilot and demonstration projects in the iron and steel industry", 1988-1992
To establish the feasibility of innovative technologies in steel research through pilot and/or demonstration projects up to the operational stage.
Based on Article 55 of the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), this second programme of pilot and demonstration projects complements the steel research activities outlined in the medium-term guidelines for technical steel research, 1986-1990 (Official Journal No C 294 of 16.11.1985). Particular attention is given to the development of superior quality steels and advanced processing techniques to meet the challenge posed by competitive materials such as plastics and to broaden the areas of steel application and utilization.
The pilot stage is characterized by the construction, operation and development of an installation or of a significant part of an installation having an adequate capacity and using suitably large components. Its aim is to verify the practicability of a theoretical or laboratory concept and/or to improve the reliability of the technical and economic data needed to progress to the demonstration stage and, in certain cases, to the industrial and/or commercial stage.
The demonstration stage is characterized by the construction and/or operation of an industrial-scale installation or of a significant part of such an installation capable of providing all the technical and economic data needed to proceed with the least possible risk to the commercial and/or industrial exploitation of the technology.
- Sintering and pelletizing;
- Use of coke and its products in the steel industry;
- Blast furnace and direct reduction;
- Oxygen and electric steelmaking;
- Casting and solidification;
- Working of steel (furnaces, hot and cold rolling);
- Industrial application of measurement, inspection and analytical techniques;
- Treatment of semi-finished and finished products and by-products;
- Use and promotion of steel;
- Recycling of iron and steel plant waste products.
The Commission is responsible for the implementation of the programme. A committee of qualified experts chaired by a Commission representative advises the Commission on the eligibility of the projects submitted. Any firm, research institute or other body established in a Member State and having an activity related to iron and steel may apply to the Commission for financial aid. Preference is given to projects submitted by at least two partners in two different member countries. One of the partners must be a steel company. Applications must be submitted before 1 October of each year for the coming financial year.
Community financial support may not normally exceed 50% of the total cost of the project. The amount of support is decided for each project individually on the basis of the project's characteristics, its value to the Community, other aid received or expected and the amount of risk accepted by its proposers. This support is in the form of financial aid, up to 50% of which is repayable in the event that the results of the project are exploited commercially.