Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

  • European Commission
  • Programmes
  • Specific research programmes (Euratom) to be implemented by the Joint Research Centre - Safety of actinides and the nuclear fuels cycle -, 1992-1994

Framework programme


Previous programme


Successor programme


Official Journal Reference

L 141 of 1992-05-23

Legislative Reference

92/274/Euratom of 1992-04-29
To contribute to the safety of nuclear fission by investigating the behaviour of nuclear fuels under long- term and off-normal conditions and to develop quality testing for radioactive waste.


Part of the third Framework programme for Community activities in the field of research and technological development (1990 to 1994) under subactivity II.5.: "Energy", the programme continues and builds on work carried out in the previous JRC programme in the same field.

The activities focus on the following topics:
- Safety studies of nuclear fuel behaviour (UO2 and MOX) at extended burn- up, under transient, off-normal and accident conditions;
- Basic physico-chemical and solid state studies actinides;
- Study of nuclear aerosols;
- Mitigation of the minor actinides and other long- lived radioactive nuclides arising in the nuclear fuel cycle;
- Plutonium fuel technology (minor activity aimed at maintaining competence in the field).


Two research areas:

- Safety of actinides in the nuclear fuel cycle (Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe):
To carry out safety studies with nuclear fuels under long-term and off-normal conditions, to evaluate and reduce risks associated with storing and handling actinides, to carry out basic solid state studies on actinides, and to collect data and bibliographic references on properties and applications of transuranium elements;

- Actinide monitoring (Institute for Safety Technology, Ispra):
Development, application and standardization of quality testing for radioactive waste.


The Commission, assisted by the Board of Governors of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), is responsible for carrying out the programme by means of the services of the JRC and in parallel with other relevant specific programmes of the third Framework programme (1990-1994).

The programme comprises research and technological development (RTD) projects and accompanying measures. The RTD projects are carried out in collaboration and in concert, whenever feasible, with national research bodies in the Member States, taking into account as far as possible regional development aspects of RTD activities and their potential socio-economic effects. Particular attention will be paid to associations with industry, notably with SMEs, in collaborative schemes around the projects.

The research is carried out by the Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITE) at Karlsruhe and by the Institute for Safety Technology (IST) at Ispra.

The Commission is authorized to negotiate international agreements with third country members of COST, in particular member countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and Central and Eastern European countries, with a view to associating them with the programme. However, no contracting body based outside the Community may benefit from the Community financing granted to the programme. Such a body shall contribute to the general administrative costs.

Research projects open to international cooperation shall include cooperation measures with international research laboratories and make provision for the exchange of researchers. Supplementary measures should allow cooperation with research laboratories and institutions located in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

The total funds estimated as necessary for the execution of the JRC's nuclear fission safety programmes (Reactor safety, Safeguards and fissile materials management, Radioactive waste management, and Safety of actinides and the nuclear fuels cycle) amount to ECU 161.37 million, 6% of which may be used for exploratory research. A sum representing 1% of the total JRC budget for 1992-1994 is reserved as a contribution from the JRC's specific programmes to the centralized action on dissemination and exploitation of results (VALUE II).

Knowledge gained through the realization of the projects will be disseminated by the programme itself as well as by the centralized action.

The Commission shall each year before 31 March present to the European Parliament, the Council and the Economic and Social Committee a report on the implementation of the programme, together with the observations of the Board of Governors. At the end of the programme an evaluation of the research shall be conducted by a group of independent external experts and a report on the evaluation, accompanied by the opinion of the Board of Governors, shall be forwarded to these same bodies.


Nuclear Fission
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