Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Successor programme


Programme funding

EUR 4,1 million

Official Journal Reference

L 197 of 1985-07-27

Legislative Reference

2088/85/CEE of 1985-07-23
To improve the socio-economic structures of the southern regions of the Community, in particular that of Greece, in order to facilitate the adjustment of these regions to the new conditions created by the Community's enlargement in the best possible conditions.


The Council of the European Communities adopted Regulation (EEC) No 2088/85 to provide an overall response to the diverse problems facing the southern regions of the Community as presently constituted, pursuing three objectives, namely development, adaptation and support for employment and incomes. Account is taken of the results and scale of the sectoral schemes already underway but there was a need, demonstrated by experience, for a planned multiannual approach to national and Community operations in these regions.

The measures provided for by these programmes are interdependent and complementary and cover all sectors of economic activity, especially agriculture and fisheries. They are concerned in particular with the development of small and medium sized industrial and commercial enterprises and the promotion of new service activities that could help reduce the unemployment problem. They take account of the contribution made by new technologies and permit an improvement of the facilities for energy production, communications, training and environment protection, and of infrastructure in general. The measures are linked to the measures already taken under the socio-structural policies which will continue to cover these regions in the normal way.


Operations contributing towards the objectives of the IMPs:

- Agricultural sector:
. Converting and restructuring holdings to specialized lines of production and types of land use which are better suited to the prospective needs of the market;
. Modernizing and intensifying certain lines of production while remaining in keeping with the general objectives of production management defined by the common agricultural policy;
. Stepping up socio-structural measures intended to help improve farmers income by using to the full compensatory allowances, make it easier for young people to take up farming, and speed up the modernization and reorientation of production structures;
. Modernizing rural infrastructures in order to improve living and working conditions;
. Irrigation;
. Stock farming;
. Afforestation and improvement of areas intended for forests;
. Land improvements;
. Vocational training and agricultural advisory services;
. Reinforcing and modernizing structures concerned with the marketing and processing of agricultural and fishery products;

- Fisheries sector:
. Restructuring, converting and modernizing part of the fleet;
. Improving infrastructures and port installations including biological protection of marine areas and the creation of marine parks;
. Expanding aquaculture including lagoon construction work;
. Improving storage and processing facilities;
. Encouraging the sale of fishery products in particular by advertising campaigns;
. Intensifying research and vocational training and providing technical assistants;

- Manufacturing and the services sector;
. Creating and expanding small and medium sized enterprises and craft firms and cooperatives;
. Encouraging innovation and the application of new technologies;
. In Greece, facilitating the setting up of new enterprises and the relocation, outside Athens, of those situated inside the city;
. Promoting tourism and improving services;
. Encouraging small and medium sized enterprises to engage in other activities;
. Strengthening the infrastructures necessary for the expansion of job creating activities;
. Improving such infrastructures as will enhance the viability of rural areas;

- Enhancing the value of human resources, particularly regarding women and young people:
. By strengthening Community assistance for additional vocational training operations capable of promoting and providing a back-up for the activities set out in the IMP;
. By encouraging the gradual introduction of activities intended to prepare the ground for and promote local initiatives in the fields covered by the IMP;
. By providing for services integrated with the various stages of vocational training measures.


The Commission is responsible for the implementation of the programme assisted by an Advisory Committee on Integrated Mediterranean Programmes consisting of representatives of the Member States with the Commission as chairman. The European Investment Bank (EIB) is represented on the Committee. For each IMP, a Monitoring Committee is set up by mutual agreement between the Commission and the Member States concerned. It assists the Member State, the regional authority or any other authority designated by the Member State to carry out the IMP. Implementation of the IMPs is regulated by programme contracts concluded between the parties concerned and setting out their respective commitments.

The IMPs consist of multiannual operations which are consistent with one another and with the common policies that contribute to the attainment of the objectives. The operations relate in particular to investments in the productive sector, the creation of infrastructures, and better use of human resources. The following sources of financing may be drawn on for the purpose of IMP implementation:
- specific additional resources;
- the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF), Guidance Section;
- loans by the European Investment Bank (EIB) from its own resources and from New Community Instrument (NCI) resources.

Operations under IMPs are mutually complementary and are tailored to the characteristics of the various regions and areas so as to facilitate integration of the national and Community means used. They may not affect the conditions of competition in such a way as to breach the relevant principles of the Treaty and must therefore remain consistent in particular with the principles of coordination of regional aid systems. IMPs are drawn up at the relevant geographical level by the regional authorities or other authorities designated by each Member State concerned who keep the Commission informed of the preparation of the various IMPs. The Commission provides the Member States with technical assistance if desired.

In determining the amount of Community assistance for IMPs, account is taken of the actual needs of the various regions and of the economic and social development conditions obtaining in them, priority being given to the least favoured regions and the regions most affected by the consequences of enlargement. Account is also taken of the usefulness of the operations, the size of the Member State's contribution to the IMP, the internal consistency of the plan for coordinating and mobilizing initiatives in the area covered by the IMP, and the appropriateness of the Community instruments, aids or loans to the proposed operations.

The Commission is kept informed at all times of the implementation of the IMPs. This information is obtained from the documents sent or made available to it by the Member States, and from the monitoring which it carries out on its own initiative. Each year the Commission produces a detailed report on the implementation of the IMPs covering the financial aspects and containing an economic and social assessment of the results obtained. It also draws up each year a statement of all the Community's structural financial resources, showing the proportion of these resources which have been used to implement IMPs. The reports and statements are submitted to the committee for its opinion, then sent to the European Parliament, the Council and the Economic and Social Committee.
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