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  • Agreement for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy between the European Atomic Energy Community and the United States of America

Official Journal Reference

L 120 of 1996-05-20
To promote cooperation between the United States and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.


Under the terms of the Agreement, provisions are made for cooperation in nuclear research and development in areas covered by the respective nuclear R&D programmes of both Parties. Such cooperation may include:

- Nuclear safety, including regulatory and operational aspects of radiological protection;

- Development of nuclear energy including, inter alia, research into new reactors, decommissioning of nuclear installations, radiological safety research into waste management and disposal, and interaction between nuclear energy and the environment;

- Nuclear safeguards;

- Research on controlled thermonuclear fusion including, inter alia, bilateral activities and contributions towards multilateral projects such as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER).

Cooperation under this area may also include training, exchange of personnel, meetings, exchanges of samples, materials and instruments for experimental purposes and a balanced participation in joint studies and projects.

If deemed appropriate by both Parties, information arising from these nuclear research activities may be made public.

Provisions are also included in the Agreement for industrial and commercial cooperation and measures to facilitate "nuclear trade" between the two Parties.

The Agreement replaces those which have been established between Euratom and the United States and between individual Community Member States and the United States. The inventories established under previous Agreements will apply under the present Agreement.


No details are available for this section.


The Agreement provides for cooperation between the Community and the United States (including persons and undertakings established in both territories) in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the following areas:

- Nuclear fission R&D on such terms as may be agreed by the Parties (see the "General Information" section of this summary for more details);

- Nuclear safety matters of mutual interest and competence;

- Facilitating exchanges and cooperation at an industrial or commercial level between persons and undertakings;

- Supply between the Parties of non-nuclear material, nuclear material and equipment and provision of nuclear fuel cycle services (subject to the provisions set out in the Agreement);

- Exchange of information on major international questions related to nuclear energy, such as promoting development in the field of international nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation within areas of mutual interest and competence, including collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA) on safeguards matters and on the interaction between nuclear energy and the environment;

- Controlled thermonuclear fusion including multilateral projects (such as the ITER);

- Other areas of mutual interest.

The Agreement will remain in force for a period of 30 years and may be extended thereafter for additional periods of five years each. In the event of a "material violation" of the provisions in the Agreement, the non-offending Party retains the right to suspend or terminate cooperation. Otherwise, either Party may terminate the Agreement upon six months' written notice at the end of the initial thirty-year period or at the end of any subsequent five-year period.

The appropriate authorities of the Parties are to establish an "Administrative Arrangement" in order to provide for the effective implementation of the provisions of the Agreement.

A dedicated annex to the Agreement sets out the applicable rules for intellectual property created or transferred as well as technology transferred under the Agreement.
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